Ezekiel 46

CHAPTER XLVI

Ordinances of worship prescribed for the prince and for the

people, 1-15;

and the gifts he may bestow on his sons and servants, 16-18.

A description of the courts appointed for boiling or baking any

part of the holy oblations, 19-24.

NOTES ON CHAP. XLVI

Verse 4. The burnt-offerings that the prince shall offer] The

chief magistrate was always obliged to attend the public worship

of God, as well as the priest, to show that the civil and

ecclesiastical states were both under the same government of the

Lord; and that no one was capable of being prince or priest, who

did not acknowledge God in all his ways. It is no wonder that

those lands mourn, where neither the established priest nor the

civil magistrate either fear or love God. Ungodly priests and

profligate magistrates are a curse to any land. In no country have

I found both so exemplary for uprightness, as in Britain.

Verse 7. According as his hand shall attain unto] According to

his ability, to what the providence of God has put in his hand,

i.e., his power. This proportion of offerings is different from

that prescribed by the Mosaic law, Nu 15:4-12.

Verse 9. He that entereth in by the way of the north, &c.] As

the north and the south gates were opposite to each other, he that

came in at the north must go out at the south; he that came in at

the south must go out at the north. No person was to come in at

the east gate, because there was no gate at the west; and the

people were not permitted to turn round and go out at the same

place by which they came in; for this was like turning their backs

on God, and the decorum and reverence with which public worship

was to be conducted would not admit of this. Besides, returning by

the same way must have occasioned a great deal of confusion, where

so many people must have jostled each other, in their meetings in

different parts of this space.

Verse 10. And the prince in the midst of them] Even he shall act

in the same way: he must also go straight forward, and never turn

his back to go out at the same gate by which he entered. The

prince and the people were to begin and end their worship at the

same time.

Verse 13. Thou shalt prepare it every morning.] The evening

offering is entirely omitted, which makes an important difference

between this and the old laws. See Ex 29:31-46.

Verse 17. To the year of liberty] That is, to the year of

jubilee, called the year of liberty, because there was then a

general release. All servants had their liberty, and all alienated

estates returned to their former owners.

Verse 19. He brought me thorough the entry] The prophet had

entered by the north gate of the court of the priests, where he

had seen, a little before, the glory of the Lord, and where he had

received all those directions from Eze 44:4, 5, to this chapter.

From that gate, (see plan Q.) See Clarke on Eze 48:35, he entered

the vestibule by a gate which was by the side of the apartments of the

priests, which were along this aisle, (see S.)

See Clarke on Eze 48:35,

to the right of the vestibule towards the west. At the extremity of a

row of chambers, he remarked, at the west, the place where they boiled

the flesh of the sin-offerings, (see T.) See Clarke on Eze 48:35.

They did not boil there the flesh of all sorts of victims, there were

other kitchens appointed for that, (see PP:)

See Clarke on Eze 48:35, but that only

which could not be eaten but in the outer court, and by the

priests which were sanctified; such were the parts of the

offerings for sins of commission and ignorance, and the offerings

of flour with which they were accompanied.

Verse 20. The trespass-offering] Part of this, and of the

sin-offering, and the flour-offering was the portion of the

priests. See Nu 18:9, 10.

Verse 23. It was made with boiling places] These were uncovered

apartments, where they kept fires for dressing those parts of the

peace-offerings, which were made in the temple by individuals

through a principle of devotion. On these their families and their

friends feasted; and portions were sent to the poor, the widows,

and the orphans. And thus the spirit of devotion was the means of

preserving the spirit of mercy, charity, and benevolence in the

land. How true is that word, "Godliness is profitable for all

things."

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