Jeremiah 19


By the significant type of breaking a potter's vessel, Jeremiah

is directed to predict the utter desolation of Judah and

Jerusalem, 1-15.

The prophets taught frequently by symbolic actions as well as

by words.


Verse 1. Go and get a potter's earthen bottle] This discourse

was also delivered some time in the reign of Jehoiakim. Under the

type of breaking a potter's earthen bottle or jug, Jeremiah shows

his enemies that the word of the Lord should stand, that Jerusalem

should be taken and sacked, and they all carried into captivity.

Ancients of the priests] The chiefs of the twenty-four classes

which David had established. See 1Ch 24:4.

Verse 4. Estranged this place] Ye have devoted my temple to a

widely different purpose from that for which it was erected.

Verse 5. Offerings unto Baal] A general name for all the popular

idols; Baal, Moloch, Ashtaroth, &c.

Verse 7. I will make void the counsel of Judah] Probably this

refers to some determination made to proclaim themselves

independent, and pay no more tribute to the Chaldeans.

To be meat for the fowls] See Clarke on Jer 7:33.

Verse 9. I will cause them to eat the flesh of their sons] This

was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by the Romans.

This also the prophet might have had in view.

Verse 11. Even so will I break this people and this city] The

breaking of the bottle was the symbolical representation of the

destruction of the city and of the state.

That cannot be made whole again] This seems to refer rather to

the final destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, than to what was

done by the Chaldeans. Jerusalem was healed after 70 years: but

nearly 1800 years have elapsed since Jerusalem was taken and

destroyed by the Romans; and it was then so broken, that it could

not be made whole again.

Verse 12. And even make this city as Tophet] A place of

slaughter and destruction.

Verse 14. Then came Jeremiah from Tophet] He had probably gone

to the valley of Hinnom, and there repeated the discourse which he

had a little before delivered to the chief priests and elders.

Verse 15. Because they have hardened their necks] A metaphor

taken from unruly and unbroken oxen, who resist the yoke, break

and run away with their gears. So this people had broken and

destroyed the yoke of the law.

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