Jeremiah 27

CHAPTER XXVII

Ambassadors being come from several neighbouring nations to

solicit the king of Judah to join in a confederacy against the

king of Babylon, Jeremiah is commanded to put bands and yokes

upon his neck, (the emblems of subjection and slavery,) and to

send them afterwards by those ambassadors to their respective

princes; intimating by this significant type that God had

decreed their subjection to the Babylonian empire, and that it

was their wisdom to submit. It is farther declared that all the

conquered nations shall remain in subjection to the Chaldeans

during the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, and those of his son and

grandson, even till the arrival of that period in which the

Babylonians shall have filled up the measure of their

iniquities; and that then the mighty Chaldean monarchy itself,

for a certain period the paramount power of the habitable

globe, shall be voted with a dreadful storm of Divine wrath,

through the violence of which it shall be dashed to pieces like

a potter's vessel, the fragments falling into the hands of many

nations and great kings, 1-11.

Zedekiah, particularly, is admonished not to join to the revolt

against Nebuchadnezzar, and warned against trusting to the

suggestions of false prophets, 11-18.

The chapter concludes with foretelling that what still remained

of the sacred vessels of the temple should be carried to

Babylon, and not restored till after the destruction of the

Chaldean empire, 19-22.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXVII

Verse 1. In the beginning of the reign of Jehoiakim] It is most

evident that his prophecy was delivered about the fourth year of

ZEDEKIAH, and not Jehoiakim, as in the text. See Jer 28:1.

Three of Kennicott's MSS. (one in the text, a second in the

margin, and the third upon a rasure) have Zedekiah; so likewise

have the Syriac and the Arabic. Houbigant, Lowth, Blayney, Dahler,

and others declare for this reading against that in the present

text. And it is clear from the third and twelfth verses, where

Zedekiah is expressly mentioned, that this is the true reading.

Verse 2. Make thee bonds and yokes] Probably yokes with straps,

by which they were attached to the neck. This was a symbolical

action, to show that the several kings mentioned below should be

brought under the dominion of the Chaldeans.

Verse 5. I have made the earth] I am the Creator and Governor of

all things, and I dispose of the several kingdoms of the world as

seemeth best to me.

Verse 6. And now have I given] These kingdoms are at my

sovereign disposal; and at present, for the punishment of their

rulers and people, I shall give them into the hands of

Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon.

Verse 7. And all nations shall serve him, (Nebuchadnezzar,) and

his son, (Evil-merodach, Jer 52:31,)

and his son's son, (Belshazzar, Da 5:11.) All which was

literally fulfilled.

Verse 9. Therefore hearken not ye to your prophets] Who pretend

to have a revelation from heaven.

Nor to your diviners] kosemeychem, from kasam,

to presage or prognosticate. Persons who guessed at futurity by

certain signs in the animate or inanimate creation.

Nor to your dreamers] chalomotheychem, from

chalam, to break in pieces; hence chalom, a dream,

because it consists of broken fragments. Dream-interpreters, who,

from these broken shreds patch up a meaning by their own

interpolations.

Nor to your enchanters] oneneychem, from anan,

a cloud-cloud-mongers. Diviners by the flight, colour, density,

rarity, and shape of clouds.

Nor to your sorcerers] cashshapheychem, from

kashaph, to discover; the discoverers, the finders out of hidden

things, stolen goods, &c. Persons also who use incantations, and

either by spells or drugs pretend to find out mysteries, or

produce supernatural effects. Every nation in the world had

persons who pretended to find out hidden things, or foretell

future events; and such were gladly encouraged by the ignorant

multitude; and many of them were mere apes of the prophets of God.

Man knows that he is short-sighted, feels pain at the uncertainty

of futurity, and wishes to have his doubts resolved by such

persons as the above, to put an end to his uncertainty.

Verse 13. Why will ye die] If ye resist the king of Babylon, to

whom I have given a commission against you, ye shall be destroyed

by the sword and by famine; but if ye submit, ye shall escape all

these evils.

Verse 16. The vessels of the Lord's house] Which had been

carried away by Nebuchadnezzar under the reigns of Jehoiakim and

Jeconiah, 2Ch 36:7-10.

Shall now shortly be brought again] This is a lie. They shall

not be restored till I bring them up, Jer 27:22, which was after

the captivity, when they were sent back by Cyrus, the Lord

inclining his heart to do it, Ezr 1:7; 7:19.

Verse 19. Concerning the pillars] Two brazen columns placed by

Solomon in the pronaos or portico of the temple, eighteen cubits

high, and twelve in circumference, 1Ki 7:16-22; Jer 52:11.

The sea] The brazen sea, ten cubits in diameter, and thirty in

circumference. It contained water for different washings in the

Divine worship, and was supported on twelve brazen oxen. Perhaps

these are what are called the bases here. See the parallel places

in the margin, and the notes on them.

Verse 22. They shall be carried to Babylon] Far from those

already taken being brought back, those which now remain shall be

carried thither, unless ye submit to the Chaldeans. They did not

submit, and the prophecy was literally fulfilled; see

Jer 52:17-23; 2Ki 25:13, and the other places in the

margin.

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