Jeremiah 28


One of those pretended prophets spoken of on the preceding

chapter, having contrasted and opposed Jeremiah, receives an

awful declaration that, as a proof to the people of his having

spoken without commission, he should die in the then current

year; which accordingly came to pass its the seventh month,



Verse 1. And it came to pass the same year-the fifth month]

Which commenced with the first new moon of August, according to

our calendar. This verse gives the precise date of the prophecy in

the preceding chapter; and proves that Zedekiah, not Jehoiakim, is

the name that should be read in the first verse of that chapter.

Hananiah the son of Azur the prophet] One who called himself a

prophet; who pretended to be in commerce with the Lord, and to

receive revelations from him. He was probably a priest; for he was

of Gibeon, a sacerdotal city in the tribe of Benjamin.

Verse 2. Thus speaketh the Lord] What awful impudence! when he

knew in his conscience that God had given him no such commission.

Verse 3. Within two full years] Time sufficient for the

Chaldeans to destroy the city, and carry away the rest of the

sacred vessels; but he did not live to see the end of this short


Verse 6. Amen; the Lord do so] O that it might be according to

thy word! May the people find this to be true!

Verse 8. The prophets that have been before me] Namely, Joel,

Amos, Hosea, Micah, Zephaniah, Nahum, Habakkuk, and others; all of

whom denounced similar evils against a corrupt people.

Verse 9. When the word of the prophet shall come to pass] Here

is the criterion. He is a true prophet who specifies things that

he says shall happen, and also fixes the time of the event; and

the things do happen, and in that time.

You say that Nebuchadnezzar shall not overthrow this city; and

that in two years from this time, not only the sacred vessels

already taken away shall be restored, but also that Jeconiah and

all the Jewish captives shall be restored, and the Babylonish yoke

broken, see Jer 28:2-4. Now

I say that Nebuchadnezzar will come this year, and destroy this

city, and lead away the rest of the people into captivity, and the

rest of the sacred vessels; and that there will be no restoration

of any kind till seventy years from this time.

Verse 10. Then Hananiah-took the yoke-and brake it.] He

endeavoured by this symbolical act to persuade them of the truth

of his prediction.

Verse 13. Yokes of iron.] Instead of Nebuchadnezzar's yoke being

broken, this captivity shall be more severe than the preceding.

All these nations shall have a yoke of iron on their neck. He

shall subdue them, and take all their property, even the beasts of

the field.

Verse 15. Hear now, Hananiah; the Lord hath not sent thee] This

was a bold speech in the presence of those priests and people who

were prejudiced in favour of this false prophet, who prophesied to

them smooth things. In such cases men wish to be deceived.

Verse 16. This year thou shalt die] By this shall the people

know who is the true prophet. Thou hast taught rebellion against

the Lord, and God will cut thee off; and this shall take place,

not within seventy years, or two years, but in this very year,

and within two months from this time.

Verse 17. So Hananiah-died the same year in the seventh month.]

The prophecy was delivered in the fifth month, (Jer 28:1,) and

Hananiah died in the seventh month. And thus God, in mercy, gave

him about two months, in which he might prepare to meet his Judge.

Here, then the true prophet was demonstrated, and the false

prophet detected. The death of Hananiah, thus predicted, was God's

seal to the words of his prophet; and must have gained his other

predictions great credit among the people.

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