Jeremiah 41


Ishmael executes his conspiracy against Gedaliah the governor

and his companions, and attempts to carry away the Jews who

were with him captives to the Ammonites, 1-10;

but Johanan recovers them, and purposes to flee into Egypt,



Verse 1. Now-in the seventh month] Answering to the first new

moon in our month of October.

There they did eat bread together] This was the same as making a

solemn covenant; for he who ate bread with another was ever

reputed a friend.

Verse 2. Smote Gedaliah] See the preceding chapter, Jer 40:14.

Verse 5. Having their beards shaven] All these were signs of

deep mourning, probably on account of the destruction of the city.

Verse 6. Weeping all along as he went] This felonious hypocrite

pretended that he also was deeply afflicted, and wished to bear

them company in their sorrow.

Come to Gedaliah] He will appoint you vineyards and fields.

Verse 7. Slew them] He kept the murder of Gedaliah secret, and

no doubt had a band of his assassins lodged in Mizpah; and he

decoyed these fourscore men thither that he might have strength to

slay them. He kept ten alive because they told him they had

treasures hidden in a field, which they would show him. Whether he

kept his word with them is not recorded. He could do nothing good

or great; and it is likely that, when he had possessed himself of

those treasures, he served them as he had served their companions.

Grain is preserved to the present day in subterranean pits, called

mattamores, in different parts of the east.

Verse 9. Now the pit-was it which Asa the king had made for fear

of Baasha] See 1Ki 15:22. Asa made this cistern as a reservoir

for water for the supply of the place; for he built and fortified

Mizpah at the time that he was at war with Baasha, king of


Verse 10. Carried away captive] He took all these that he might

sell them for slaves among the Ammonites.

Verse 14. Went unto Johanan] They were weary of the tyranny of

Ishmael, and were glad of an opportunity to abandon him.

Verse 16. The women,-children, and the eunuchs] These were all

most probably, persons who belonged to the palace and harem of

Zedekiah: some of them his own concubines and their children.

Verse 17. Dwelt in the habitation of Chimham] The estate that

David gave Chimham, the son of Barzillai. See 2Sa 19:37, &c. He

took this merely as a resting-place; as he designed to carry all

into Egypt, fearing the Chaldeans, who would endeavour to revenge

the death of Gedaliah.

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