Numbers 28

CHAPTER XXVIII

All the offerings of God to be offered in their due season,

1, 2.

The continual burnt-offering for the morning, 3-6;

and its drink-offering, 7.

The continual burnt-offering for the evening, 8.

The offerings for the Sabbath, 9, 10.

The offerings for the beginning of each month, 11-15.

Repetition of the ordinances concerning the passover, 16-25.

Ordinances concerning the day of first-fruits or pentecost,

26-31.

NOTES ON CHAP. XXVIII

Verse 2. Command the children of Israel, &c.] It is not easy

to account for the reason of the introduction of these precepts

here, which had been so circumstantially delivered before in

different parts of the books of Exodus and Leviticus. It is

possible that the daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly services had

been considerably interrupted for several years, owing to the

unsettled state of the people in the wilderness, and that it was

necessary to repeat these laws for two reasons: 1. Because they

were now about to enter into the promised land, where these

services must be established and constant. 2. Because the former

generations being all dead, multitudes of the present might be

ignorant of these ordinances.

In their due season] Moses divides these offerings into:-

1. DAILY. The morning and evening sacrifices: a lamb each time,

Nu 28:3, 4.

2. WEEKLY. The Sabbath offerings, two lambs of a year old,

Nu 28:9, &c.

3. MONTHLY. At the beginning of each month two young bullocks,

one ram, and seven lambs of a year old, and a kid for a

sin-offering, Nu 28:11, &c.

4. ANNUAL. 1. The passover to last seven days; the offerings,

two young bullocks, one ram, seven lambs of a year old, and a

he-goat for a sin-offering, Nu 28:16, &c. 2. The day of

FIRST-FRUITS. The sacrifices, the same as on the beginning of the

month, Nu 28:26, &c.

With these sacrifices were offered libations, or drink-offerings of

strong wine, Nu 28:7, 14,

and minchahs, or meat-offerings, composed of fine flour mingled

with oil, Nu 28:8, 12, &c. For an ample account of all these

offerings, See Clarke on Le 7:38 and

Ex 12:1-51.

Verse 7. Strong wine] Sikera;

See Clarke on Le 10:9, where this is largely explained.

Verse 26. Day of the first-fruits] Called also the feast of

weeks, and the feast of pentecost.

See it explained, Clarke "Ex 23:14", and "Le 23:15".

Verse 31. Without blemish] This is to be understood as

applying, not only to the animals, but also to the flour, wine,

and oil; every thing must be perfect in its kind.

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