Psalms 93


The universal government of God, 1, 2;

the opposition to that government, 3, 4;

the truth of God's testimonies, 5.


This Psalm has no title either in the Hebrew or Chaldee. The

Vulgate, Septuagint, AEthiopic, and Arabic, state it to be "A

song of praise of David for the day preceding the Sabbath, when

the earth was founded;" but in such a title there is no

information on which any man can rely. This Psalm is written as a

part of the preceding in twelve of Kennicott's and De Rossi's

MSS. It was probably written at the close of the captivity by the

Levites, descendants of Moses.

Verse 1. The Lord reigneth] He continues to govern every thing

he has created; and he is every way qualified to govern all

things, for he is clothed with majesty and with strength-dominion

is his, and he has supreme power to exercise it; and he has so

established the world that nothing can be driven out of order; all

is ruled by him. Nature is his agent: or rather, nature is the sum

of the laws of his government; the operations carried on by the

Divine energy, and the effects resulting from those operations.

He hath girded himself] The girding with strength refers to the

girding in order to strengthen the loins, arms, knees, &c. When

a Hindoo is about to set off on a journey, to lift a burden, or to

do something that requires exertion, he binds firmly his loose

upper garment round his loins.-WARD.

Verse 2. Thy throne is established of old] There never was a

time in which God did not reign, in which he was not a supreme and

absolute Monarch; for he is from everlasting. There never was a

time in which he was not; there never can be a period in which he

shall cease to exist.

Verse 3. The floods have lifted up] Multitudes of people have

confederated against thy people; and troop succeeds troop as the

waves of the sea succeed each other.

Verse 4. The Lord-is mightier than the noise of many waters]

Greater in strength than all the peoples and nations that can rise

up against him.

Mighty waves of the sea.] Even the most powerful empires can

prevail nothing against him; therefore those who trust in him have

nothing to fear.

Verse 5. Thy testimonies are very sure] Thou wilt as surely

fulfil thy word as thou wilt keep possession of thy throne.

Holiness becometh thine house] Thy nature is holy, all thy works

are holy, and thy word is holy; therefore, thy house-thy Church,

should be holy. The building itself should be sanctified-should be

so consecrated to thy worship alone, that it shall never be

employed in any other service. The ministers of this Church should

be holy, the members holy, the ordinances holy; its faith, its

discipline, and its practice holy. And this at all times, and in

all circumstances; for holiness becometh thine house-for ever,"

le-orech yamin, for length of days. During the whole

lapse of time; till the sun and moon shall be no more. The old

Psalter says the house of God is man's saule; and of this house

holiness is naavah, "the ornament;" it produces that meek

and quiet spirit which is in the sight of God of great price. No

decoration of person nor simplicity of dress can supply the place

of this heavenly clothing.


In this Psalm it is the purpose of the prophet to comfort the

Church, oppressed by tyrants and persecutors; and yet she shall

not utterly fail. The gates of hell shall not prevail against her;

because Christ sits in his Church as King. The sum of it is,-

I. The magnificence and power of Christ our eternal King,

Ps 93:1, 2.

II. That he defends his Church in the day of a storm,

Ps 93:3, 4.

III. That his laws are holy, and his Church also, Ps 93:5.

I. The prophet in the first verse describes our King:

First. From his office:-

1. "He reigns." He is the great and chief Monarch; he is no idle

spectator of things below; but wisely, and justly, and powerfully

administers all things.

2. He is a glorious King: "He is clothed with majesty."

3. He is a potent King: "The Lord is clothed with strength."

4. He is a warlike King: "He hath girded himself," buckled his

sword upon his armour; for offence towards his enemies, for

defence of his kingdom.

Secondly. From his kingdom:-

1. It is universal: "The world."

2. It is fixed, firm, and stable: "The world is also

established, and cannot be moved."

3. It is an everlasting kingdom: "From everlasting to

everlasting; thy throne is established of old: thou art from


II. But in this his kingdom there are those who raise tumults,

commotions, and rebellions. These he compares to swelling waters

and foaming waves.

1. "The floods," that is, tyrants, persecutors, &c., "have

lifted up, O Lord, the floods have lifted up their voice; the

floods lift up their waves." The Church dwells in the sea; and the

waves of tyranny, ambition, and malice, beat furiously upon it.

2. Well, be it so; yet "the Lord on high is mightier than the

noise of many waters; yea than the mighty waves of the sea." He

wonderfully and strangely hath showed his might in getting himself

the victory over all persecutors, and propagating and enlarging

his kingdom over all the earth in despite of his enemies.

III. 1. And as his kingdom is immovable, so are the laws by

which it is governed fixed and unalterable also: "Thy testimonies

are very sure." The Gospel is an eternal Gospel; the doctrine

thereof is holy and inviolable; by which God hath declared his

good will to man, and what he requires of all his loving subjects;

which is, that they be a holy people. For,

2. "Holiness becomes thy house for ever." The temple, the

priests, the people, must be a holy nation; for ever correspondent

to the holiness of his law and testimonies: "Be ye holy, for I am

holy." "Holiness becomes thy house, O Lord, for ever."

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