Zechariah 2


The vision with which this chapter opens, portended great

increase and prosperity to Jerusalem. Accordingly Josephus

tells us, (Wars v. iv. 2,) that "the city, overflowing with

inhabitants, extended beyond its walls," as predicted in the

fourth verse, and acquired much glory during the time of the

Maccabees; although these promises, and particularly the

sublime image in the fifth verse, has certainly a still more

pointed reference to the glory and prosperity of the Christian

Church in the latter days, 1-5.

See Re 21:1-27; 22:1-21.

In consequence of these promises, the Jews, still inhabiting

Babylon and the regions round about, are called upon to hasten

home, that they might not be involved in the fate of their

enemies, who were destined to fall a prey to the nations which

they had formerly subdued; God's great love anti zeal for his

people moving him to glorify them by humbling all their

adversaries, 6-9.

The most gracious promises of God's presence with his Church,

and her consequent increase and prosperity, set forth in the

remaining verses, 10-13,

were to a certain extent fulfilled in the great number of

proselytes made to Judaism after the return from the captivity;

but shall be more fully accomplished after the restoration of

the Jews to the favour of God under the Gospel. "For if the

casting away of the natural Israel be the reconciling of the

world, what shall the receiving of them be but life from the



Verse 1. A man with a measuring-line in his hand.] Probably a

representation of Nehemiah, who got a commission from Artaxerxes

Longimanus to build up the walls of Jerusalem; for hitherto it had

remained without being enclosed.

Verse 4. Run, speak to this young man] Nehemiah must have been a

young man when he was [Persian] sakee, or cup-bearer, to


As towns without walls] It shall be so numerously inhabited as

not to be contained within its ancient limits. Josephus, speaking

of this time, says, WARS v. iv. 2, "The city, overflowing with

inhabitants, by degrees extended itself beyond its walls."

Verse 5. I-will be unto her a wall of fire] Her safety shall

consist in my defence. I shall be as fire round about her. No

adversary shall be permitted to touch her. Much of this must refer

to the New Jerusalem.

Verse 6. Flee from the land of the north] From Chaldee, Persia,

and Babylon, where several of the Jews still remained. See

Zec 2:7.

Verse 8. After the glory] After your glorious deliverance from

the different places of your dispersion; He hath sent me unto the

nations which spoiled you, that they may fall under grievous

calamities, and be punished in their turn. On Babylon a great

calamity fell, when besieged and taken by the Persians.

The following note I received from a sensible and pious


5. "For I, saith the Lord, will be unto her a wall of fire round

about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

8. "For thus saith the Lord of hosts, who hath sent me, the

future glory (or the glory which is to come) unto the nations

which spoiled you; for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of

his eye. Behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall

be a spoil to their servants; and ye shall know that the Lord of

hosts hath sent me. Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion; for lo,

I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord.

And many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and

shall be my people; and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and

thou shalt know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto thee. And

the Lord shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and

shall choose Jerusalem again.

"If in the eighth verse may be rendered the future,

or the glory that is to come, it will harmonize with the context

as a prophecy of the Messiah, whereas in our English translation

the words after the glory are unintelligible. And so the Seventy.

"It is evident the person speaking is distinguished from the

Lord of hosts, as being sent by him; yet this person sent is also

called Jehovah; and the nations who shall be joined to Jehovah in

that day are called his people; and he (the person sent) will

dwell in the midst of thee, (i.e., Zion,) and shall inherit Judah

his portion, &c.

"In confirmation of my view of the eighth verse, I think

Ex 33:18-23 may be compared with it. Moses besought God that he

would show him his glory; upon which it was said to him, "Whilst

my glory passeth by,' I will put thee in a cleft of the rock, and

will cover thee with my hand whilst I pass by; and I will take

away my hand, and thou shalt see my achar. Now as this was a

fulfilment of Moses's request, who entreated to behold the glory,

it follows that this was the Divine glory, which alone he was

capable of seeing.

"'No man hath seen God at any time, the only begotten Son, (the

Lord Jesus Christ,) which is in the bosom of the Father, he hath

declared him.'"

M. A. B.

Toucheth the apple of his eye.] bebabath eyno, the

babet of his eye. This is a remarkable expression. Any person, by

looking into the eye of another, will see his own image perfectly

expressed, though in extreme minature, in the pupil. Does our

English word babbet or baby come from this? And does not the

expression mean that the eye of God is ever on his follower, and

that his person is ever impressed on the eye, the notice,

attention, providence, and mercy of God?

Verse 9. I will shake mine hand upon them] I will threaten

first, and then stretch out my hand of judgment against them.

A spoil to their servants] To those whom they had formerly

subjected to their sway. As the Babylonians to the Medes and

Persians; and so of the rest in the subversion of empires.

Verse 10. I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord]

This must chiefly refer to the Christian church, in which God ever

dwells by the power of his Spirit, as he had done by the symbol of

his presence in the first Jewish temple.

Verse 11. Many nations shall be joined to the Lord] This most

certainly belongs to the Christian church. No nation or people

ever became converts to the Jewish religion, but whole nations

have embraced the faith of our Lord Jesus Christ.

Verse 12. The Lord shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy

land] This is a promise of the final restoration of the Jews, and

that they should be God's portion in their own land.

Verse 13. Be silent, O all flesh] Let all the nations of the

world be astonished at this. God will arise, and deliver this

ancient people, and bring them into the glorious liberty of the

sons of God.

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