Romans 61:1 called (f-7) 'A called apostle,' i.e. an apostle by (divine) calling. Cf. ver. 7 'called saints,' and see note there.6:5 with (c-7) Lit. 'grown up with' and so thoroughly one. cf. Luke 8.7. It is not 'planted together with.' 6:6 knowing (d-1) In ver. 6 it is objective knowledge, ginosko. In vers. 9 and 16 it is conscious knowledge, oida. See Note to 1Cor. 8.1. serve (e-25) i.e. serve as bondmen. 6:7 justified (f-7) 'Free' is ambiguous. It is justified, cleared, discharged. From sin, note, not sins. 6:9 knowing (d-1) In ver. 6 it is objective knowledge, ginosko. In vers. 9 and 16 it is conscious knowledge, oida. See Note to 1Cor. 8.1. 6:10 died, (g-6) died (g-9) Or 'he died,' aorist. It is the fact. see Note, ch. 5.6. 6:13 yield (h-2) There is a distinction between the present tense, which has a continuous present sense, and the aorist, which gives the act in itself. 'Neither yield your members,' ver. 13 (present tense), means that it is at no time to be done. 'Yield yourselves to God' and 'yield your members,' ver. 15 (aorists), mean let it have been done, as a once accomplished act. dead, (i-20) Lit. 'as out of dead alive.' The order of the words gives a contrasted force. not merely that they came thence. But 'out of dead alive' is hardly English. 6:15 sin (k-5) Or 'are we to sin?' the subjunctive aorist. 6:16 Know (d-1) In ver. 6 it is objective knowledge, ginosko. In vers. 9 and 16 it is conscious knowledge, oida. See Note to 1Cor. 8.1. 6:19 bondage (a-21) The word translated 'in bondage' is an adjective, expressing the state of slavery, 'enslaved.' yield (b-31) See Note h, ver. 13. holiness. (c-39) Hagiasmos. See Note i at ch. 1.4. 6:22 holiness, (c-20) Hagiasmos. See Note i at ch. 1.4.
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