Moses’ Final Blessing on Israel1This is the blessing with which Moses athe man of God blessed the people of Israel before his death. 2He said,
b“The Lord came from Sinai
and dawned from Seir upon us; ▼
▼Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew them
he shone forth from Mount Paran;
he came dfrom the ten thousands of holy ones,
with flaming fire ▼
▼The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertainat his right hand.
3Yes, fhe loved his people ▼
▼Septuagint; Hebrew peoples
hall his holy ones were in his ▼
jso they followed ▼
▼The meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertainin your steps,
receiving direction from you,
4when lMoses commanded us a law,
as a possession for the assembly of Jacob.
5Thus the Lord ▼
▼Hebrew Thus henbecame king in oJeshurun,
when the heads of the people were gathered,
all the tribes of Israel together.
6 p“Let Reuben live, and not die,
but let his men be few.”
7And this he said of Judah:
“Hear, O Lord, the voice of Judah,
and bring him in to his people.
With your hands contend ▼
▼Probable reading; Hebrew With his hands he contendedfor him,
and be a help against his adversaries.”
8And rof Levi he said,
“Give to Levi ▼
▼Dead Sea Scroll, Septuagint; Masoretic Text lacks Give to Levityour Thummim,
and your Urim to your godly one,
uwhom you tested at Massah,
with whom you quarreled at the waters of Meribah;
9who said of his father and mother,
‘I regard them not’;
vhe disowned his brothers
and ignored his children.
For wthey observed your word
and kept your covenant.
10 xThey shall teach Jacob your rules
and Israel your law;
ythey shall put incense before you
and zwhole burnt offerings on your altar.
11Bless, O Lord, his substance,
and aaaccept the work of his hands;
crush the loins of his adversaries,
of those who hate him, that they rise not again.”
12 abOf Benjamin he said,
“The beloved of the Lord dwells in safety.
The High God ▼
▼Septuagint; Hebrew dwells in safety by him. Hesurrounds him all day long,
and dwells between his shoulders.”
13And adof Joseph he said,
ae“Blessed by the Lord be his land,
with the choicest gifts of heaven afabove, ▼
▼Two Hebrew manuscripts and Targum; Hebrew with the dew
and of the deep that crouches beneath,
14with the choicest fruits of the sun
and the rich yield of the months,
15with the finest produce of the ancient mountains
and the abundance of ahthe everlasting hills,
16with the best gifts of the earth and aiits fullness
and the favor of ajhim who dwells in the bush.
May these rest on the head of Joseph,
on the pate of him who is prince among his brothers.
17 akA firstborn bull ▼
▼Dead Sea Scroll, Septuagint, Samaritan; Masoretic Text His firstborn bull—he has majesty,
and his horns are the horns of a amwild ox;
with them anhe shall gore the peoples,
all of them, to the ends of the earth;
aothey are the ten thousands of Ephraim,
and they are the thousands of Manasseh.”
18And of Zebulun he said,
ap“Rejoice, Zebulun, in your going out,
and Issachar, in your tents.
19They shall call peoples aqto their mountain;
there they offer arright sacrifices;
for they draw from the abundance of the seas
and the hidden treasures of the sand.”
20And asof Gad he said,
“Blessed be he who enlarges Gad!
Gad crouches atlike a lion;
he tears off arm and scalp.
21 auHe chose the best of the land for himself,
for there a commander’s portion was reserved;
and avhe came with the heads of the people,
with Israel he executed the justice of the Lord,
and his judgments for Israel.”
22And awof Dan he said,
ax“Dan is a lion’s cub
aythat leaps from Bashan.”
23And azof Naphtali he said,
“O Naphtali, sated with favor,
and full of the blessing of the Lord,
bapossess the lake ▼
▼Or westand the south.”
24And bcof Asher he said,
“Most blessed of sons be Asher;
let him be the favorite of his brothers,
and let him bddip his foot in oil.
25Your bars shall be iron and bronze,
and as your days, so shall your strength be.
26 be“There is none like God, O bfJeshurun,
bgwho rides through the heavens to your help,
through the skies in his majesty.
27The eternal God is your bhdwelling place ▼
▼Or a dwelling place
and underneath are the everlasting arms. ▼
▼Revocalization of verse 27 yields He subdues the ancient gods, and shatters the forces of old
And he thrust out the enemy before you
and said, ‘Destroy.’
28So Israel lived in safety,
bkJacob lived blalone ▼
▼Hebrew the abode of Jacob was alone
in a land of grain and wine,
whose heavens drop down dew.
29Happy are you, O Israel! bnWho is like you,
a people bosaved by the Lord,
bpthe shield of your help,
and the sword of your triumph!
Your enemies shall come fawning to you,
and you shall tread upon their backs.”
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