ak[See ver. 8 above]
am[See ver. 10 above]
bd[See ver. 16 above]
bt[See ver. 21 above]
ck[See ver. 4 above]
dp[See ver. 11 above]
fp[See ver. 7 above]
fs[See ver. 10 above]
gg[See ver. 15 above]
gq[See ver. 21 above]
hg[See ver. 35 above]
hv[See ver. 48 above]
io[See ver. 60 above]

Lamentations 1

How Lonely Sits the City

1 aHow lonely sits the city
that was full of people!
How like ba widow has she become,
she who was great among the nations!
She who was ca princess among the provinces
has become da slave.
2 eShe weeps bitterly in the night,
with tears on her cheeks;
famong all her lovers
she has gnone to comfort her;
hall her friends have dealt treacherously with her;
they have become her enemies.
3 iJudah has gone into exile because of affliction
and hard servitude;
jshe dwells now among the nations,
kbut finds no resting place;
her pursuers have all overtaken her
in the midst of her distress.
Or  in the narrow passes

4 The roads to Zion mourn,
for none come to mthe festival;
nall her gates are desolate;
her priests ogroan;
her virgins have been afflicted,
Septuagint, Old Latin dragged away

and she herself suffers bitterly.
5 qHer foes have become the head;
her renemies prosper,
because sthe  Lord has afflicted her
tfor the multitude of her transgressions;
uher children have gone away,
captives before the foe.
6 From the daughter of Zion
all her majesty has departed.
Her princes have become like deer
vthat find no pasture;
they fled without strength
before the pursuer.
7 Jerusalem remembers
in the days of her affliction and wandering
wall the precious things
that were hers from xdays of old.
When her people fell into the hand of the foe,
and there was none to help her,
her foes gloated over her;
they ymocked at her downfall.
8 zJerusalem sinned grievously;
therefore she became filthy;
all who honored her despise her,
aafor they have seen her nakedness;
she herself abgroans
and turns her face away.
9 Her uncleanness was acin her skirts;
adshe took no thought of her future;
Or end

therefore her fall is terrible;
afshe has no comforter.
“O  Lord, behold my affliction,
for the enemy has agtriumphed!”
10 The enemy has stretched out his hands
over all her ahprecious things;
for she has seen aithe nations
enter her sanctuary,
those whom you ajforbade
to enter your congregation.
11 All her people akgroan
as althey search for bread;
they trade their amtreasures for anfood
to revive their strength.
Look, O  Lord, and see,
for I am despised.”
12 “Is it nothing to you, all aoyou who pass by?
apLook and see
if there is any sorrow like my sorrow,
which was brought upon me,
which aqthe  Lord inflicted
on arthe day of his fierce anger.
13 From on high he assent fire;
into my bones
Septuagint; Hebrew  bones and
he made it descend;
auhe spread a net for my feet;
he turned me back;
avhe has left me stunned,
faint all the day long.
14 “My transgressions were bound
The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
into axa yoke;
by his hand they were fastened together;
they were set upon my neck;
he caused my strength to fail;
the Lord gave me into the hands
of those whom I cannot withstand.
15 “The Lord rejected
all my mighty men in my midst;
he summoned an assembly against me
to crush my young men;
aythe Lord has trodden as in a winepress
the virgin daughter of Judah.
16 For these things azI weep;
my eyes flow with tears;
for baa comforter is far from me,
one to bbrevive my spirit;
my children are desolate,
for the enemy has prevailed.”
17 bcZion stretches out her hands,
but bdthere is none to comfort her;
the  Lord has commanded against Jacob
that his neighbors should be his foes;
Jerusalem has become
a filthy thing among them.
18 be“The  Lord is in the right,
bffor I have rebelled against his word;
but hear, all you peoples,
and see my suffering;
bgmy young women and my young men
have gone into captivity.
19 “I called to bhmy lovers,
but they deceived me;
my priests and elders
perished in the city,
while bithey sought food
to revive their strength.
20 Look, O  Lord, for I am in distress;
bjmy stomach churns;
my heart is wrung within me,
because I have been very rebellious.
bkIn the street the sword bereaves;
in the house it is like death.
21 “They heard
Septuagint, Syriac Hear
bmmy groaning,
yet bnthere is no one to comfort me.
All my enemies have heard of my trouble;
bothey are glad that you have done it.
You have brought
Syriac Bring
the day you announced;
bqnow let them be as I am.
22 br“Let all their evildoing come before you,
and deal with them
as bsyou have dealt with me
because of all my transgressions;
for btmy groans are many,
and bumy heart is faint.”

Lamentations 2

The Lord Has Destroyed Without Pity

1 How the Lord in his anger
has set the daughter of Zion bvunder a cloud!
bwHe has cast down from heaven to earth
the splendor of Israel;
he has not remembered bxhis footstool
in the day of his anger.
2 The Lord byhas swallowed up bzwithout mercy
all the habitations of Jacob;
in his wrath cahe has broken down
the strongholds of the daughter of Judah;
he has brought cbdown to the ground ccin dishonor
the kingdom cdand its rulers.
3 He has cut down in cefierce anger
all cfthe might of Israel;
cghe has withdrawn from them his right hand
in the face of the enemy;
chhe has burned like a flaming fire in Jacob,
consuming all around.
4 ciHe has bent his bow like an enemy,
with his right hand set cjlike a foe;
and he has killed all who were delightful in our eyes
in the tent of the daughter of Zion;
he has poured out his fury like fire.
5 ckThe Lord has become like an enemy;
clhe has swallowed up Israel;
cmhe has swallowed up all its palaces;
he has laid in ruins its strongholds,
and he has multiplied in the daughter of Judah
cnmourning and lamentation.
6 He has laid waste his booth like a garden,
laid in ruins cohis meeting place;
cpthe  Lord has made Zion forget
festival and cqSabbath,
and in his fierce indignation has spurned king and priest.
7 crThe Lord has scorned his altar,
csdisowned his sanctuary;
cthe has delivered into the hand of the enemy
the walls of her palaces;
cuthey raised a clamor in the house of the  Lord
as on the day of festival.
8 cvThe  Lord determined to lay in ruins
cwthe wall of the daughter of Zion;
cxhe stretched out the measuring line;
he did not restrain his hand from destroying;
cyhe caused rampart and wall to lament;
czthey languished together.
9 Her gates have sunk into the ground;
dahe has ruined dband broken her bars;
dcher king and princes are among the nations;
the law is no more,
and ddher prophets find
no vision from the  Lord.
10 The elders of the daughter of Zion
desit on the ground dfin silence;
dgthey have thrown dust on their heads
and dhput on sackcloth;
the young women of Jerusalem
have bowed their heads to the ground.
11 diMy eyes are spent with weeping;
djmy stomach churns;
dkmy bile is poured out to the ground
dlbecause of the destruction of the daughter of my people,
dmbecause infants and babies dnfaint
in the streets of the city.
12 They cry to their mothers,
doWhere is bread and wine?”
dpas they faint like a wounded man
in the streets of the city,
as their life is poured out
on their mothersbosom.
13 What can I say for you, dqto what compare you,
O daughter of Jerusalem?
drWhat can I liken to you, that I may comfort you,
O virgin daughter of Zion?
dsFor your ruin is vast as the sea;
who can heal you?
14 dtYour prophets have seen for you
false and deceptive visions;
duthey have not exposed your iniquity
to dvrestore your fortunes,
dwbut have seen for you dxoracles
that are false and misleading.
15 All who pass along the way
clap their hands at you;
dythey hiss and wag their heads
at the daughter of Jerusalem:
“Is this the city that was called
dzthe perfection of beauty,
eathe joy of all the earth?”
16 ebAll your enemies
rail against you;
they hiss, they gnash their teeth,
they cry: “We echave swallowed her!
Ah, this is the day we longed for;
now we have it; edwe see it!”
17 The  Lord has done what he purposed;
he has carried out eehis word,
which he commanded eflong ago;
eghe has thrown down ehwithout pity;
eihe has made the enemy rejoice over you
and exalted the ejmight of your foes.
18 Their heart cried to the Lord.
O ekwall of the daughter of Zion,
ellet tears stream down like a torrent
emday and night!
enGive yourself no rest,
eoyour eyes no respite!
19 Arise, epcry out in the night,
at the beginning of the night watches!
eqPour out your heart like water
before the presence of the Lord!
erLift your hands to him
for the lives of your children,
eswho faint for hunger
at the head of every street.”
20 Look, O  Lord, and see!
etWith whom have you dealt thus?
euShould women eat the fruit of their womb,
the children of evtheir tender care?
Should ewpriest and prophet be killed
in the sanctuary of the Lord?
21 In the dust of the streets
exlie the young and the old;
eymy young women and my young men
have fallen by the sword;
ezyou have killed them in the day of your anger,
slaughtering fawithout pity.
22 You summoned as if to fba festival day
fcmy terrors on every side,
fdand on the day of the anger of the  Lord
no one escaped or survived;
fethose whom I held and raised
my enemy destroyed.

Lamentations 3

Great Is Your Faithfulness

1 ffI am the man who has seen affliction
under the fgrod of his wrath;
2he has driven and brought me
fhinto darkness without any light;
3surely against me he turns his hand
again and again the whole day long.
4 He has made my flesh and my skin waste away;
fihe has broken my bones;
5 fjhe has besieged and enveloped me
with fkbitterness and tribulation;
6 flhe has made me dwell in darkness
like the dead of long ago.
7 fmHe has walled me about so that fnI cannot escape;
he has made my chains heavy;
8though foI call and cry for help,
he shuts out my prayer;
9 fphe has blocked my ways with blocks of stones;
he has made my paths crooked.
10 fqHe is a bear lying in wait for me,
a lion in hiding;
11 frhe turned aside my steps and fstore me to pieces;
fthe has made me desolate;
12 fuhe bent his bow fvand set me
as a target for his arrow.
13 He drove into my kidneys
fwthe arrows of his quiver;
14 fxI have become the laughingstock of all peoples,
fythe object of their taunts all day long.
15 fzHe has filled me with bitterness;
he has sated me with gawormwood.
16 gbHe has made my teeth grind on gravel,
and gcmade me cower in ashes;
17my soul is bereft of peace;
I have forgotten what happiness
Hebrew good
18 geso I say, “My endurance has perished;
so has my hope from the  Lord.”
19 gfRemember my affliction and my wanderings,
ggthe wormwood and ghthe gall!
20My soul continually remembers it
giand is bowed down within me.
21But this I call to mind,
and gjtherefore I have hope:
22 gkThe steadfast love of the  Lord never ceases;
Syriac, Targum; Hebrew Because of the steadfast love of the  Lord, we are not cut off

gmhis mercies never come to an end;
23they are new gnevery morning;
gogreat is your faithfulness.
24 gp“The  Lord is my portion,” says my soul,
gqtherefore I will hope in him.”
25 The  Lord is good to those who grwait for him,
to the soul who seeks him.
26 gsIt is good that one should wait quietly
for the salvation of the  Lord.
27 gtIt is good for a man that he bear
the yoke guin his youth.
28 Let him gvsit alone in silence
when it is laid on him;
29 gwlet him put his mouth in the dust
there may yet be hope;
30 gxlet him give his cheek to the one who strikes,
and let him be filled with insults.
31 gyFor the Lord will not
cast off forever,
32but, though he gzcause grief hahe will have compassion
hbaccording to the abundance of his steadfast love;
33 hcfor he does not afflict from his heart
or hdgrieve the children of men.
34 To crush underfoot
all hethe prisoners of the earth,
35 hfto deny a man justice
in the presence of the Most High,
36to subvert a man in his lawsuit,
hgthe Lord does not approve.
37 hhWho has spoken and it came to pass,
unless the Lord has commanded it?
38 hiIs it not from the mouth of the Most High
that good and bad come?
39 hjWhy should a living man complain,
a man, about the punishment of his sins?
40 Let us test and examine our ways,
hkand return to the  Lord!
41 hlLet us lift up our hearts and hands
to God in heaven:
42 hmWe have transgressed and hnrebelled,
and you have not forgiven.
43 “You have wrapped yourself with anger and pursued us,
hokilling without pity;
44 hpyou have wrapped yourself with a cloud
so that no prayer can pass through.
45 hqYou have made us scum and garbage
among the peoples.
46 hrAll our enemies
open their mouths against us;
47 hspanic and pitfall have come upon us,
devastation and htdestruction;
48 humy eyes flow with rivers of tears
because of the destruction of the daughter of my people.
49 hv“My eyes will flow without ceasing,
without respite,
50 hwuntil the  Lord from heaven
looks down and sees;
51my eyes cause me grief
at the fate of all the daughters of my city.
52 hx“I have been hunted hylike a bird
by those who were my enemies hzwithout cause;
53 iathey flung me alive into the pit
iband cast stones on me;
54 icwater closed over my head;
I said id‘I am lost.’
55 ie“I called on your name, O  Lord,
from the depths of the pit;
56 ifyou heard my plea, ‘Do not close
your ear to my cry for help!’
57 igYou came near when I called on you;
you said ih‘Do not fear!’
58 “You have iitaken up my cause, ijO Lord;
you have ikredeemed my life.
59You have seen the wrong done to me ilO  Lord;
judge my cause.
60You have seen all their vengeance,
all imtheir plots against me.
61 in“You have heard their taunts, O  Lord,
all iotheir plots against me.
62The lips and thoughts ipof my assailants
are against me all the day long.
63 iqBehold their sitting and their rising;
irI am the object of their taunts.
64 is“You will repay them,
Or Repay them
O  Lord,
iuaccording to the work of their hands.
65You will give them
Or Give them
dullness of heart;
your curse will be
Or place your curse
on them.
66You will pursue them
Or Pursue them
in anger and iydestroy them
from under izyour heavens, O  Lord.”
Syriac (compare Septuagint, Vulgate); Hebrew the heavens of the  Lord

Lamentations 4

The Holy Stones Lie Scattered

1 jbHow the gold has grown dim,
how the pure gold is changed!
The holy stones lie scattered
jcat the head of every street.
2 The precious sons of Zion,
worth their weight in jdfine gold,
how they are regarded as jeearthen pots,
the work of a potter’s hands!
3 Even jackals offer the breast;
they nurse their young,
but the daughter of my people has become cruel,
like the ostriches in the wilderness.
4 The tongue of the nursing infant jfsticks
to the roof of its mouth for thirst;
jgthe children beg for food,
but no one gives to them.
5 Those who once feasted on delicacies
perish in the streets;
jhthose who were brought up in purple
embrace ash heaps.
6 jiFor the chastisement
Or iniquity
of the daughter of my people has been greater
than the punishment
Or sin
of Sodom,
jlwhich was overthrown in a moment,
and no hands were wrung for her.
The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain

7 Her princes were purer than snow,
whiter than milk;
their bodies were more ruddy than coral,
the beauty of their form
The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain
was like sapphire.
Hebrew lapis lazuli

8 jpNow their face is blacker than soot;
they are not recognized in the streets;
their skin has shriveled on their bones;
it has become as dry as wood.
9 Happier were the victims of the sword
than the victims of hunger,
who wasted away, pierced
by lack of the fruits of the field.
10 jqThe hands of jrcompassionate women
jshave boiled their own children;
jtthey became their food
during the destruction of the daughter of my people.
11 juThe  Lord gave full vent to his wrath;
he poured out his hot anger,
and jvhe kindled a fire in Zion
that consumed its foundations.
12 jwThe kings of the earth did not believe,
nor any of the inhabitants of the world,
that foe or enemy could enter
the gates of Jerusalem.
13 This was for jxthe sins of her prophets
and jythe iniquities of her priests,
who shed in the midst of her
the blood of the righteous.
14 jzThey wandered, blind, through the streets;
they were so defiled with blood
kathat no one was able to touch
their garments.
15 Away! kbUnclean!” people cried at them.
Away! Away! Do not touch!”
So they became fugitives and wanderers;
people said among the nations,
“They shall stay with us no longer.”
16 kcThe  Lord himself
Hebrew  The face of the  Lord
has scattered them;
he will regard them no more;
keno honor was shown to the priests,
kfno favor to the elders.
17 kgOur eyes failed, ever watching
khvainly for help;
in our watching we watched
for kia nation which could not save.
18 kjThey dogged our steps
so that we could not walk in our streets;
kkour end drew near; our days were numbered,
for our end had come.
19 Our pursuers were klswifter
than the eagles in the heavens;
they chased us on the mountains;
they lay in wait for us in the wilderness.
20 kmThe breath of our nostrils, knthe  Lord’s anointed,
was captured koin their pits,
of whom we said, kp“Under his shadow
we shall live among the nations.”
21 kqRejoice and be glad, O daughter of Edom,
you who dwell in krthe land of Uz;
but to you also ksthe cup shall pass;
you shall become drunk and strip yourself bare.
22 ktThe punishment of your iniquity, O daughter of Zion, is accomplished;
he will keep you in exile no longer;
Or  he will not exile you again

but kvyour iniquity, O daughter of Edom, he will punish;
he will uncover your sins.
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