akver. 18; ch. 24:3, 15, 20, 21, 23; Job 27:1; 29:1; Ps. 49:4; 78:2; Isa. 14:4; Mic. 2:4; [ch. 21:27]
Balak Summons Balaam1Then a the people of Israel set out and camped in the plains of Moab beyond the Jordan at Jericho. 2And b Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites. 3And c Moab was in great dread of the people, because they were many. Moab was overcome with fear of the people of Israel. 4And Moab said to d the elders of Midian, “This horde will now lick up all that is around us, as the ox licks up the grass of the field.” So Balak the son of Zippor, who was king of Moab at that time, 5 e sent messengers to Balaam the son of Beor f at Pethor, which is near the River in the land of the people of Amaw ▼
▼Or the people of his kindredto call him, saying, “Behold, a people has come out of Egypt. They cover the face of the earth, and they are dwelling opposite me. 6 h Come now, curse this people for me, since they are too mighty for me. Perhaps I shall be able to defeat them and drive them from the land, for I know that he whom you bless is blessed, and he whom you curse is cursed.” 7So the elders of Moab and i the elders of Midian departed with j the fees for divination in their hand. And they came to Balaam and gave him Balak’s message. 8And he said to them, “Lodge here tonight, and I will bring back word to you, as the Lord speaks to me.” So the princes of Moab stayed with Balaam. 9 k And God came to Balaam and said, “Who are these men with you?” 10And Balaam said to God, “Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, has sent to me, saying, 11‘Behold, a people has come out of Egypt, and it covers the face of the earth. Now come, curse them for me. Perhaps I shall be able to fight against them and drive them out.’” 12God said to Balaam, “You shall not go with them. You shall not curse the people, for l they are blessed.” 13So Balaam rose in the morning and said to the princes of Balak, “Go to your own land, for the Lord has refused to let me go with you.” 14So the princes of Moab rose and went to Balak and said, “Balaam refuses to come with us.” 15Once again Balak sent princes, more in number and more honorable than these. 16And they came to Balaam and said to him, “Thus says Balak the son of Zippor: ‘Let nothing hinder you from coming to me, 17 m for I will surely do you great honor, and whatever you say to me I will do. n Come, curse this people for me.’” 18But Balaam answered and said to the servants of Balak, o “Though Balak were to give me his house full of silver and gold, p I could not go beyond the command of the Lord my God to do less or more. 19So you, too q please stay here tonight, that I may know what more the Lord will say to me.” 20 r And God came to Balaam at night and said to him, “If the men have come to call you, rise, go with them; s but only do what I tell you.” 21So Balaam rose in the morning and saddled his donkey and went with the princes of Moab.
Balaam’s Donkey and the Angel22But God’s anger was kindled because he went, t and the angel of the Lord took his stand in the way u as his adversary. Now he was riding on the donkey, and his two servants were with him. 23And the donkey saw the angel of the Lord standing in the road, with a drawn sword in his hand. And the donkey turned aside out of the road and went into the field. And Balaam struck the donkey, to turn her into the road. 24Then the angel of the Lord stood in a narrow path between the vineyards, with a wall on either side. 25And when the donkey saw the angel of the Lord, she pushed against the wall and pressed Balaam’s foot against the wall. So he struck her again. 26Then the angel of the Lord went ahead and stood in a narrow place, where there was no way to turn either to the right or to the left. 27When the donkey saw the angel of the Lord, she lay down under Balaam. And Balaam’s anger was kindled, and he struck the donkey with his staff. 28Then the Lord v opened the mouth of the donkey, and she said to Balaam, “What have I done to you, that you have struck me these three times?” 29And Balaam said to the donkey, “Because you have made a fool of me. I wish I had a sword in my hand, for then I would kill you.” 30And the donkey said to Balaam, “Am I not your donkey, on which you have ridden all your life long to this day? Is it my habit to treat you this way?” And he said, “No.” 31Then the Lord w opened the eyes of Balaam, and he saw the angel of the Lord standing in the way, with his drawn sword in his hand. And he bowed down and fell on his face. 32And the angel of the Lord said to him, “Why have you struck your donkey these three times? Behold, I have come out x to oppose you because your way is perverse ▼
▼Or recklessbefore me. 33The donkey saw me and turned aside before me these three times. If she had not turned aside from me, surely just now I would have killed you and let her live.” 34Then Balaam said to the angel of the Lord, z “I have sinned, for I did not know that you stood in the road against me. Now therefore, if it is evil in your sight, I will turn back.” 35And the angel of the Lord said to Balaam, “Go with the men, aa but speak only the word that I tell you.” So Balaam went on with the princes of Balak. 36When Balak heard that Balaam had come, he went out to meet him at the city of Moab, ab on the border formed by the Arnon, at the extremity of the border. 37And Balak said to Balaam, “Did I not send to you to call you? Why did you not come to me? Am I not able to ac honor you?” 38Balaam said to Balak, “Behold, I have come to you! Have I now any power of my own to speak anything? ad The word that God puts in my mouth, that must I speak.” 39Then Balaam went with Balak, and they came to Kiriath-huzoth. 40And Balak sacrificed oxen and sheep, and sent for Balaam and for the princes who were with him. 41And in the morning Balak took Balaam and brought him up to Bamoth-baal, and from there he saw a fraction of the people.
Balaam’s First Oracle1And Balaam said to Balak, ae “Build for me here seven altars, and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams.” 2Balak did as Balaam had said. And Balak and Balaam af offered on each altar a bull and a ram. 3And Balaam said to Balak, ag “Stand beside your burnt offering, and I will go. Perhaps the Lord will come ah to meet me, and whatever he shows me I will tell you.” And he went to a bare height, 4 ai and God met Balaam. And Balaam said to him, “I have arranged the seven altars and I have offered on each altar a bull and a ram.” 5And the Lord aj put a word in Balaam’s mouth and said, “Return to Balak, and thus you shall speak.” 6And he returned to him, and behold, he and all the princes of Moab were standing beside his burnt offering. 7And Balaam ak took up his discourse and said, “From al Aram Balak has brought me,
the king of Moab am from the eastern mountains:
‘Come, an curse Jacob for me,
and come, denounce Israel!’
8How can I curse whom God has not cursed?
How can I denounce whom the Lord has not denounced?
9For from the top of the crags ao I see him,
from the hills I behold him;
behold ap a people dwelling alone,
and aq not counting itself among the nations!
10 ar Who can count the dust of Jacob
or number the fourth part ▼
▼Or dust cloudsof Israel?
Let me die at the death of the upright,
and let my end be like his!”
11And Balak said to Balaam, “What have you done to me? au I took you to curse my enemies, and behold, you have done nothing but bless them.” 12And he answered and said, av “Must I not take care to speak what the Lord puts in my mouth?”
Balaam’s Second Oracle13And Balak said to him, “Please come with me to another place, from which you may see them. You shall see only a fraction of them and shall not see them all. Then curse them for me from there.” 14And he took him to the field of Zophim, to the top of Pisgah, aw and built seven altars and offered a bull and a ram on each altar. 15Balaam said to Balak, ax “Stand here beside your burnt offering, while I meet the Lord over there.” 16And the Lord met Balaam and ay put a word in his mouth and said, “Return to Balak, and thus shall you speak.” 17And he came to him, and behold, he was standing beside his burnt offering, and the princes of Moab with him. And Balak said to him, “What has the Lord spoken?” 18And Balaam took up his discourse and said, “Rise, Balak, and hear;
give ear to me, O son of Zippor:
19 az God is not man, that he should lie,
or a son of man, that he should change his mind.
Has he said, and will he not do it?
Or has he spoken, and will he not fulfill it?
20Behold, I received a command to bless:
ba he has blessed, and bb I cannot revoke it.
21 bc He has not beheld misfortune in Jacob,
nor has he seen trouble in Israel.
The Lord their God is with them,
and the shout of a king is among them.
22 bd God brings them out of Egypt
and is for them like be the horns of the wild ox.
23For there is no enchantment against Jacob,
no bf divination against Israel;
now it shall be said of Jacob and Israel,
bg ‘What has God wrought!’
24Behold, a people! bh As a lioness it rises up
and as a lion it lifts itself;
bi it does not lie down until it has devoured the prey
and drunk the blood of the slain.”
25And Balak said to Balaam, “Do not curse them at all, and do not bless them at all.” 26But Balaam answered Balak, “Did I not tell you, bj ‘All that the Lord says, that I must do’?” 27And Balak said to Balaam, bk “Come now, I will take you to another place. Perhaps it will please God that you may curse them for me from there.” 28So Balak took Balaam to the top of bl Peor, which overlooks bm the desert. ▼
▼Or Jeshimon29And Balaam said to Balak, bo “Build for me here seven altars and prepare for me here seven bulls and seven rams.” 30 bp And Balak did as Balaam had said, and offered a bull and a ram on each altar.
Balaam’s Third Oracle1When Balaam saw that it pleased the Lord to bless Israel, he did not go, as at bq other times, to look for omens, but set his face toward the wilderness. 2And Balaam lifted up his eyes and saw Israel br camping tribe by tribe. And bs the Spirit of God came upon him, 3and he bt took up his discourse and said, “The oracle of Balaam the son of Beor,
the oracle of the man whose eye is opened, ▼
▼Or closed, or perfect; also verse 15
4the oracle of him who hears the words of God,
who sees the vision of the Almighty,
bv falling down with his eyes uncovered:
5How lovely are your tents, O Jacob,
your encampments, O Israel!
6Like palm groves ▼
▼Or valleysthat stretch afar,
like gardens beside a river,
bx like aloes by that the Lord has planted,
like cedar trees beside the waters.
7Water shall flow from his buckets,
and his seed shall be bz in many waters;
his king shall be higher than ca Agag,
and cb his kingdom shall be exalted.
8God brings him out of Egypt
and is for him like the cc horns of the wild ox;
he shall cd eat up the nations, his adversaries,
and shall ce break their bones in pieces
and cf pierce them through with his arrows.
9He crouched, he lay down like a lion
and cg like a lioness; who will rouse him up?
ch Blessed are those who bless you,
and cursed are those who curse you.”
10And Balak’s anger was kindled against Balaam, and he ci struck his hands together. And Balak said to Balaam, cj “I called you to curse my enemies, and behold, you have blessed them these three times. 11Therefore now flee to your own place. I said, ck ‘I will certainly honor you,’ but the Lord has held you back from honor.” 12And Balaam said to Balak, “Did I not tell your messengers whom you sent to me, 13 cl ‘If Balak should give me his house full of silver and gold, I would not be able to go beyond the word of the Lord, to do either good or bad cm of my own will. What the Lord speaks, that will I speak’? 14And now, behold, I am going to my people. Come, cn I will let you know what this people will do to your people co in the latter days.”
Balaam’s Final Oracle15 cp And he took up his discourse and said, “The oracle of Balaam the son of Beor,
the oracle of the man whose eye is opened,
16the oracle of him who hears the words of God,
and knows the knowledge of cq the Most High,
who sees the vision of the Almighty,
cr falling down with his eyes uncovered:
17 cs I see him, but not now;
I behold him, but not near:
ct a star shall come out of Jacob,
and cu a scepter shall rise out of Israel;
it shall cv crush the forehead ▼
▼Hebrew corners [of the head]of Moab
and break down all the sons of Sheth.
18 cx Edom shall be dispossessed;
cy Seir also, his enemies, shall be dispossessed.
Israel is doing valiantly.
19And one from Jacob shall exercise dominion
and destroy the survivors of cities!”
20Then he looked on Amalek and cz took up his discourse and said, “Amalek was the first among the nations,
da but its end is utter destruction.”
21And he looked on the Kenite, and took up his discourse and said, “Enduring is your dwelling place,
and your nest is set in the rock.
22Nevertheless, Kain shall be burned
when Asshur takes you away captive.”
23And he took up his discourse and said, “Alas, who shall live when God does this?
24But ships shall come from db Kittim
and shall afflict Asshur and dc Eber;
and he too dd shall come to utter destruction.”
25Then Balaam rose and de went back to his place. And Balak also went his way.
Baal Worship at Peor1While Israel lived in df Shittim, dg the people began to whore with the daughters of Moab. 2 dh These invited the people to the sacrifices of their gods, and the people ate and bowed down to their gods. 3So Israel yoked himself to Baal of Peor. And the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel. 4And the Lord said to Moses, di “Take all the chiefs of the people and dj hang ▼
▼Or impalethem in the sun before the Lord, dl that the fierce anger of the Lord may turn away from Israel.” 5And Moses said to dm the judges of Israel, dn “Each of you kill those of his men who have yoked themselves to Baal of Peor.” 6And behold, one of the people of Israel came and brought a Midianite woman to his family, in the sight of Moses and in the sight of the whole congregation of the people of Israel, while they were do weeping in the entrance of the tent of meeting. 7 dp When Phinehas dq the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose and left the congregation and took a spear in his hand 8and went after the man of Israel into the chamber and pierced both of them, the man of Israel and the woman through her belly. Thus the plague on the people of Israel was stopped. 9Nevertheless, dr those who died by the plague were twenty-four thousand.
The Zeal of Phinehas10And the Lord said to Moses, 11“Phinehas the son of Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, has turned back my wrath from the people of Israel, in that he ds was jealous with my jealousy among them, so that I did not consume the people of Israel in dt my jealousy. 12Therefore say du ‘Behold, I give to him my covenant of peace, 13and it shall be to him and to dv his descendants after him the covenant of dw a perpetual priesthood, because he was jealous for his God and made atonement for the people of Israel.’” 14The name of the slain man of Israel, who was killed with the Midianite woman, was Zimri the son of Salu, chief of a father’s house belonging to the Simeonites. 15And the name of the Midianite woman who was killed was Cozbi the daughter of dx Zur, who was the tribal head of a father’s house in Midian. 16And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 17 dy “Harass the Midianites and strike them down, 18for they have harassed you with their dz wiles, with which they beguiled you in the matter of ea Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of the chief of Midian, their sister, who was killed on the day of the plague on account of Peor.”
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