More Proverbs of Solomon1These also are a proverbs of Solomon which the men of Hezekiah king of Judah copied. 2 It is the glory of God to b conceal things,
but the glory of kings is to c search things out.
3As the heavens for height, and the earth for depth,
so the heart of kings is d unsearchable.
4Take away e the dross from the silver,
and f the smith has material for a vessel;
5take away g the wicked from the presence of the king,
and his h throne will be established in righteousness.
6Do not put yourself forward in the king’s presence
or stand in the place of the great,
7for i it is better to be told, “Come up here,”
than to be put lower in the presence of a noble.
What your eyes have seen
8 j do not hastily bring into court,
▼Hebrew or elsewhat will you do in the end,
when your neighbor puts you to shame?
9 l Argue your case with your neighbor himself,
and do not reveal another’s secret,
10lest he who hears you bring shame upon you,
and your ill repute have no end.
11 m A word fitly spoken
is like apples of gold in a setting of silver.
12Like n a gold ring or an ornament of gold
is a wise reprover to o a listening ear.
13Like the cold of snow in the time of harvest
is p a faithful messenger to those who send him;
he refreshes the soul of his masters.
14Like q clouds and wind without rain
is a man who r boasts of a gift he does not give.
15 With s patience a ruler may be persuaded,
and a soft tongue will break a bone.
16If you have t found honey, eat u only enough for you,
lest you have your fill of it and vomit it.
17Let your foot be seldom in your neighbor’s house,
lest he have his fill of you and hate you.
18A man who v bears false witness against his neighbor
is like a war club, or w a sword, or a sharp arrow.
19Trusting in a treacherous man in time of trouble
is like a bad tooth or a foot that slips.
20Whoever x sings songs to a heavy heart
is like one who takes off a garment on a cold day,
and like vinegar on soda.
21 y If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat,
and if he is thirsty, give him water to drink,
22for you will heap z burning coals on his head,
and the Lord will reward you.
23The north wind brings forth rain,
and a backbiting tongue, angry looks.
24 aa It is better to live in a corner of the housetop
than in a house shared with a quarrelsome wife.
25Like cold water to ab a thirsty soul,
so is ac good news from a far country.
26Like ad a muddied spring or a polluted fountain
is a righteous man who gives way before the wicked.
27It is ae not good to eat much honey,
nor is it glorious to af seek one’s own glory. ▼
▼The meaning of the Hebrew line is uncertain
28A man ah without self-control
is like ai a city broken into and left without walls.
Proverbs 261Like snow in summer or aj rain in harvest,
so ak honor is al not fitting for a fool.
2Like am a sparrow in its flitting, like a swallow in its flying,
an a curse that is causeless does not alight.
3 ao A whip for the horse, a bridle for the donkey,
and ap a rod for the back of fools.
4 aq Answer not a fool according to his folly,
lest you be like him yourself.
5 ar Answer a fool according to his folly,
lest he be as wise in his own eyes.
6Whoever sends a message by the hand of a fool
cuts off his own feet and at drinks violence.
7Like a lame man’s legs, which hang useless,
is a proverb in the mouth of fools.
8Like one who binds the stone in the sling
is au one who gives honor to a fool.
9Like av a thorn that goes up into the hand of a drunkard
is a proverb in the mouth of fools.
10Like an archer who wounds everyone
is one who hires a passing fool or drunkard. ▼
▼Or hires a fool or passersby
11Like ax a dog that returns to his vomit
is ay a fool who repeats his folly.
12Do you see a man who is az wise in his own eyes?
ba There is more hope for a fool than for him.
13 bb The sluggard says, “There is a lion in the road!
There is a lion in the streets!”
14As a door turns on its hinges,
so does a sluggard on his bed.
15 bc The sluggard buries his hand in the dish;
it wears him out to bring it back to his mouth.
16The sluggard is bd wiser in his own eyes
be than seven men who can answer sensibly.
17Whoever meddles in a quarrel not his own
is like one who takes a passing dog by the ears.
18Like a madman who throws bf firebrands, arrows, and death
19is the man who deceives his neighbor
and says, “I am only joking!”
20For lack of wood the fire goes out,
and where there is no bg whisperer bh quarreling ceases.
21As charcoal to hot embers and wood to fire,
so is bi a quarrelsome man for kindling strife.
22 bj The words of bk a whisperer are like delicious morsels;
they go down into the inner parts of the body.
23 bl Like the bm glaze ▼
▼By revocalization; Hebrew silver of drosscovering an earthen vessel
are fervent lips with an evil heart.
24Whoever hates disguises himself with his lips
and harbors deceit in his heart;
25 bo when he speaks graciously, believe him not,
for there are bp seven abominations in his heart;
26though his hatred be covered with deception,
his wickedness will be exposed in the assembly.
27 bq Whoever digs a pit will fall into it,
and a stone will come back on him who starts it rolling.
28A lying tongue hates its victims,
and a flattering mouth works ruin.
Proverbs 271Do not boast about tomorrow,
br for you do not know what a day may bring.
2Let bs another praise you, and not your own mouth;
a stranger, and not your own lips.
3A stone is heavy, and sand is weighty,
but bt a fool’s provocation is heavier than both.
4Wrath is cruel, anger is overwhelming,
but who can stand before bu jealousy?
5 bv Better is open rebuke
than hidden love.
6Faithful are bw the wounds of a friend;
profuse are the kisses of an enemy.
7One who is full loathes bx honey,
but to one who is hungry everything bitter is sweet.
8Like by a bird that strays from its nest
is a man who strays from his home.
9 bz Oil and perfume make the heart glad,
and the sweetness of a friend comes from his earnest counsel. ▼
▼Or and so does the sweetness of a friend that comes from his earnest counsel
10Do not forsake your friend and cb your father’s friend,
and do not go to your brother’s house in the day of your calamity.
cc Better is a neighbor who is near
than a brother who is far away.
11 cd Be wise ce my son, and cf make my heart glad,
that I may cg answer him who reproaches me.
12 ch The prudent sees danger and hides himself,
but ci the simple go on and suffer for it.
13 cj Take a man’s garment when he has put up security for a stranger,
and hold it in pledge when he puts up security for an adulteress. ▼
▼Hebrew a foreign woman; a slight emendation yields (compare Vulgate; see also 20:16) foreigners
14Whoever blesses his neighbor with a loud voice,
rising early in the morning,
will be counted as cursing.
15 cl A continual dripping on a rainy day
and a quarrelsome wife are alike;
16to restrain her is to restrain the wind
or to grasp ▼
▼Hebrew to meet withoil in one’s right hand.
17Iron sharpens iron,
and one man sharpens another. ▼
▼Hebrew sharpens the face of another
18 co Whoever tends a fig tree will eat its fruit,
and he who cp guards his master will be honored.
19As in water face reflects face,
so the heart of man reflects the man.
20 cq Sheol and Abaddon are cr never satisfied,
and cs never satisfied are the eyes of man.
21 ct The crucible is for silver, and the furnace is for gold,
and a man is tested by his praise.
22 cu Crush a fool in a mortar with a pestle
along with crushed grain,
yet his folly will not depart from him.
23 cv Know well the condition of your flocks,
and cw give attention to your herds,
24for cx riches do not last forever;
and does a crown endure to all generations?
25 cy When the grass is gone and the new growth appears
and the vegetation of the mountains is gathered,
26 cz the lambs will provide your clothing,
and the goats the price of a field.
27 da There will be enough goats’ milk for your food,
for the food of your household
and maintenance for your girls.
Proverbs 281 db The wicked flee when no one pursues,
but dc the righteous are bold as a lion.
2When a land transgresses dd it has many rulers,
but with a man of understanding and knowledge,
its stability will long continue.
3 de A poor man who oppresses the poor
is a beating rain that leaves no food.
4Those who forsake the law df praise the wicked,
but those who keep the law dg strive against them.
5Evil men dh do not understand justice,
but those who seek the Lord di understand it completely.
6 dj Better is a poor man who dk walks in his integrity
than a rich man who is dl crooked in his ways.
7The one who keeps the law is a son with understanding,
but dm a companion of gluttons shames his father.
8Whoever multiplies his wealth dn by interest and profit ▼
▼That is, profit that comes from charging interest to the poor
dp gathers it for him who is dq generous to the poor.
9If one turns away his ear from hearing the law,
even his dr prayer is an abomination.
10Whoever misleads the upright into an evil way
ds will fall into his own pit,
but the blameless dt will have a goodly inheritance.
11A rich man is wise in his du own eyes,
but a poor man who has understanding dv will find him out.
12When dw the righteous triumph, there is great glory,
but when dx the wicked rise, people hide themselves.
13Whoever dy conceals his transgressions will not prosper,
but he who dz confesses and forsakes them will obtain mercy.
14Blessed is the one who ea fears the Lord always,
but whoever eb hardens his heart will fall into calamity.
15Like ec a roaring lion or ed a charging bear
is ee a wicked ruler over a poor people.
16A ruler who ef lacks understanding is a cruel oppressor,
but he who hates unjust gain will prolong his days.
17If one is burdened with eg the blood of another,
he will be a fugitive until death; ▼
▼Hebrew until the pit
let no one help him.
18 ei Whoever ej walks in integrity will be delivered,
but he who is crooked in his ways will suddenly fall.
19 ek Whoever works his land will have plenty of bread,
but he who follows worthless pursuits will have plenty of poverty.
20A faithful man will abound with blessings,
but whoever hastens to be rich el will not go unpunished.
21To show em partiality is not good,
but for en a piece of bread a man will do wrong.
22A eo stingy man ▼
▼Hebrew A man whose eye is evileq hastens after wealth
and does not know that er poverty will come upon him.
23Whoever es rebukes a man will afterward find more favor
than et he who flatters with his tongue.
24Whoever robs his father or his mother
and says, “That is no transgression,”
is eu a companion to a man who destroys.
25A greedy man ev stirs up strife,
but the one who trusts in the Lord will ew be enriched.
26Whoever ex trusts in his own mind is a fool,
but he who walks in wisdom will be delivered.
27Whoever ey gives to the poor will not want,
but he who ez hides his eyes will get many a curse.
28When fa the wicked rise fb people hide themselves,
but when they perish, the righteous increase.
Proverbs 291 fc He who is often reproved, yet stiffens his neck,
will suddenly be fd broken fe beyond healing.
2When ff the righteous increase, the people rejoice,
but when fg the wicked rule, the people groan.
3He who fh loves wisdom makes his father glad,
but fi a companion of prostitutes fj squanders his wealth.
4By justice a king fk builds up the land,
but he who exacts gifts ▼
▼Or who taxes heavilytears it down.
5 fm A man who flatters his neighbor
spreads fn a net for his feet.
6An evil man is fo ensnared in his transgression,
but a righteous man fp sings and rejoices.
7A righteous man fq knows the rights of the poor;
a wicked man does not fr understand such knowledge.
8 fs Scoffers set a city aflame,
but the wise turn away wrath.
9If a wise man has an argument with a fool,
the fool only rages and laughs, and there is ft no quiet.
10Bloodthirsty men fu hate one who is blameless
and seek the life of the upright. ▼
▼Or but the upright seek his soul
11A fool gives full vent to his spirit,
but a wise man quietly holds it back.
12If a ruler listens to falsehood,
all his officials will be wicked.
13The poor man and the oppressor fw meet together;
the Lord fx gives light to the eyes of both.
14If a king fy faithfully judges the poor,
his throne will fz be established forever.
15 ga The rod and reproof give wisdom,
but a child left to himself gb brings shame to his mother.
16When the wicked increase, transgression increases,
but gc the righteous will look upon their downfall.
17 gd Discipline your son, and he will give you rest;
he will give delight to your heart.
18Where ge there is no prophetic vision the people gf cast off restraint ▼
▼Or the people are discouraged
but blessed is he who gh keeps the law.
19By mere words a servant is not disciplined,
for though he understands, he will not respond.
20Do you see a man who is hasty in his words?
gi There is more hope for a fool than for him.
21Whoever pampers his servant from childhood
will in the end find him his heir. ▼
▼The meaning of the Hebrew word rendered his heir is uncertain
22 gk A man of wrath stirs up strife,
and one given to anger causes much transgression.
23 gl One’s pride will bring him low,
gm but he who is lowly in spirit will obtain honor.
24The partner of a thief gn hates his own life;
go he hears the curse, but discloses nothing.
25 gp The fear of man lays a snare,
but whoever trusts in the Lord is safe.
26Many gq seek the face of a ruler,
but it is from the Lord that a man gr gets justice.
27 gs An unjust man is an abomination to the righteous,
but one whose way is straight is an abomination to the wicked.
Copyright information for ESV