The letter of Jude warns against those who, having gained admission to the church, were perverting the grace of God, denying “our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ” (v. 4). Jude used Old Testament examples to warn of these “blemishes” on the church. He wrote multiple denunciations of these ungodly people who “defile the flesh” and “reject authority” (v. 8). He urged Christians to continue in godliness and love toward such people, in some cases reasoning with them, in other cases “snatching them out of the fire” (v. 23). Jude closes with one of the most beautiful doxologies in all of Scripture (vv. 24-25). Jude was the brother of James (probably “James the Lord’s brother,” Gal. 1:19). He likely wrote sometime between a.d. 65 and 80.
mSee Acts 11:23
p[1 Cor. 10:4, 5, 9]
tSee Gen. 19:24
adSee Gen. 4:5-8
aeSee 2 Pet. 2:15
aiEzek. 34:2, 8, 10
arSee Deut. 33:2; [Dan. 7:10; Mark 8:38; 1 Thess. 3:13; 2 Thess. 1:7]
bhSee 1 Cor. 3:15
bqSee Rom. 11:36
Greeting1Jude, a servant ▼
▼Or slave (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface)of Jesus Christ and brother of James, bTo those who are called cbeloved in God the Father and dkept for ▼
▼Or byJesus Christ: 2May fmercy, gpeace, and love be multiplied to you.
Judgment on False Teachers3Beloved, although I was very eager to write to you about our hcommon salvation, I found it necessary to write appealing to you ito contend for the faith that was once for all delivered to the saints. 4For jcertain people khave crept in unnoticed lwho long ago were designated for this condemnation, ungodly people, who pervert mthe grace of our God into sensuality and ndeny our only Master and Lord, Jesus Christ. 5Now I want oto remind you, although you once fully knew it, that pJesus, who saved ▼
▼Some manuscripts although you fully knew it, that the Lord who once saveda people out of the land of Egypt rafterward destroyed those who did not believe. 6And sthe angels who did not stay within their own position of authority, but left their proper dwelling, he has kept in eternal chains under gloomy darkness until the judgment of the great day— 7just as tSodom and Gomorrah and uthe surrounding cities, which likewise indulged in sexual immorality and vpursued unnatural desire ▼
▼Greek other fleshserve as an example by undergoing a punishment of eternal fire. 8Yet in like manner these people also, relying on their dreams, defile the flesh, reject authority, and xblaspheme the glorious ones. 9But when ythe archangel zMichael, contending with the devil, was disputing aaabout the body of Moses, he did not presume to pronounce a blasphemous judgment, but said ab“The Lord rebuke you.” 10 acBut these people blaspheme all that they do not understand, and they are destroyed by all that they, like unreasoning animals, understand instinctively. 11Woe to them! For they walked in adthe way of Cain and abandoned themselves for the sake of gain aeto Balaam’s error and afperished in Korah’s rebellion. 12These are hidden reefs ▼
▼Or are blemishesahat your love feasts, as they feast with you without fear aishepherds feeding themselves; ajwaterless clouds akswept along by winds; fruitless trees in late autumn, twice dead aluprooted; 13 amwild waves of the sea, casting up the foam of antheir own shame; aowandering stars apfor whom the gloom of utter darkness has been reserved forever. 14It was also about these that Enoch, aqthe seventh from Adam, prophesied, saying, ar“Behold, the Lord comes with ten thousands of his holy ones, 15 asto execute judgment on all and to convict all the ungodly of all their deeds of ungodliness that they have atcommitted in such an ungodly way, and of all authe harsh things that ungodly sinners have spoken against him.” 16These are grumblers, malcontents avfollowing their own sinful desires; awthey are loud-mouthed boasters axshowing favoritism to gain advantage.
A Call to Persevere17But you must ayremember, beloved, the predictions of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ. 18They ▼
▼Or Christ, because theysaid to you, ba“In the last time there will be scoffers, following their own ungodly passions.” 19It is these who cause divisions, worldly people, bbdevoid of the Spirit. 20But you, beloved bcbuilding yourselves up in your most holy faith and bdpraying in the Holy Spirit, 21 bekeep yourselves in the love of God bfwaiting for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ that leads to eternal life. 22And have mercy on those who doubt; 23save others by bgsnatching them out of bhthe fire; to others show mercy biwith fear, hating even bjthe garment ▼
▼Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skinstained by the flesh.
Doxology24 blNow to him who is able bmto keep you from stumbling and bnto present you boblameless before the presence of his glory with great joy, 25to bpthe only God, our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord, bqbe glory, majesty, dominion, and authority, before all time and now and forever. Amen.
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