Acts 27

We; Luke, Paul, and others.

Italy; a country in the south part of Europe, between the Adriatic and Mediterranean seas.
Adramyttium; a seaport of Mysia in the north-western part of Asia Minor. It lay opposite to the isle of Lesbos.

Aristarchus; chap Ac 19:29; 20:4.
Sidon; north of Cesarea, from which Paul sailed. Verse Ac 27:2; chap Ac 25:4,13,21. When a man's ways please the Lord, he can make not only his enemies, but strangers, and even heathen, not merely to be at peace with him, but to aid and assist him. Pr 16:7. Under Cyprus; along its northern coast, between the island and the main land, to shield themselves from the violence of the wind.

Winds were contrary; they were the westerly or north-westerly winds which prevail there at that season.
The sea of Cilicia and Pamphylia; the sea along the coast of those provinces of Asia Minor. Cilicia lay on the south coast of Asia Minor opposite Cyprus, and Pamphylia was the next province west.

Lycia; next west of Pamphylia.
Alexandria; a city of Egypt. Scarce; with difficulty.

Cnidus; a town in the province of Caria next west of Lycia. It is in the south-western angle of Asia Minor, and has the isle of Rhodes opposite to it.

Under Crete; near that island.

Salmone; the eastern extremity of Crete.
Hardly passing it; coasting along it with difficulty.

Fair Havens; on the southern side of Crete, about midway between its eastern and western extremities.
Much time was spent; on account of the contrary winds.

The fast; connected with the great day of atonement. Le 16:29,30. This occurred about the twentieth of September, after which sailing was dangerous.
Much damage--our lives; these words of Paul seem to express not a revelation from God, but rather his own sound judgment. With regard to his own life, he had received from the Lord the assurance that he should see Rome, chap Ac 23:11; but he had not yet received any promise that the lives of all in the ship should be saved. see verses Ac 27:23,24. Not commodious to winter in; being open to the wind and sea on the south.

Phenice; a place in the south-west part of Crete. The majority are often in the wrong, and it is not always wise or safe to follow them. The great question should not be, on which side are the greatest numbers, but on which are truth and duty; and a truly pious man, in seasons of danger and difficulty, may say and do things which it would be unwise to attempt at other times.
The south wind blew softly; which would be favorable to their purpose, as the coast a few miles beyond the Fair Havens turn to the north of west.

Close by; near the shore.
Euroclydon; these winds, now called Levanters, blow from nearly east-north-east. Caught; suddenly met by the wind.

Could not bear up; sail against it.

Let her drive; before the wind.
Claudia; a small island a little south of west from the Fair Havens, at the distance of some forty or fifty miles. Melita, the next place where we find them, is a small island south of Sicily, not quite five hundred miles to the west of Clauda.

To come by the boat; to secure it, by taking it on board. Verse Ac 27:17.
Taken up; taken into the ship, to prevent the boat being broken or lost.

Used helps, undergirding; putting chains or ropes around the vessel, to strengthen it and keep it together.

Quicksands; on the coast of Africa, south-west of them.

Strake sail; these words do not seem to mean that they took in all sail, which would have left them drifting towards the quicksands at the mercy of the wind and waves; but rather, that they reduced their sail very low. This would enable them, while driven before the wind, to keep the ship's head in a measure towards the north-west, and thus avoid the African coast and the quicksands.
Lightened the ship; threw overboard some of her cargo. Tackling; whatever belonged to the ship which could be spared. Neither sun nor stars; the mariner's compass was not then known. When sailors could not see the heavenly bodies or the land, they did not know their course. God in his providence often shows men, especially those who traverse the ocean, that they are dependent on him; that all their efforts to deliver themselves are utterly insufficient, and that he must save them, or they must perish. Long abstinence; from food, on account of the severity of the storm and the greatness of their danger. God hath given thee all; for thy sake, and in answer to thy prayers, they shall be preserved. Fourteenth night; after the commencement of the storm.

Adria: in the wider sense, including not only the Adriatic gulf, but the Ionian sea south of it.

Deemed; thought, judged.
Sounded; let down a lead and line to ascertain the depth of the water.

Twenty fathoms; one hundred and twenty feet.

Fifteen fathoms; ninety feet.
Four anchors; to hold the ship where she was.

Stern; the hinder part of the ship.

For the day; for daylight, that they might see where they were.
Shipmen; sailors.

To flee; escape to the shore, and leave the others to take care of themselves or perish.

Under color; under the pretence.
Paul; who saw what they intended.

These; the sailors.

Ye cannot be saved; their agency was necessary to manage the vessel. Though God had given Paul the lives of all in the ship, they were yet to be saved by the use of the appropriate means. A future event may be certain because God has determined and revealed it, and it may also be true that unless men use the proper means it will never take place. It was certain that all the two hundred and seventy-five who were with Paul in the ship would get to land, and it was also certain that unless the sailors should stay and manage the ship they would not get to land. So that the use of proper means is just as necessary to accomplish an event which is beforehand certain, as it would be if it were not certain, and its accomplishment depended solely on those means.
Cut off the ropes; to let the boat fall into the sea and float away, so that the sailors could not escape. Taken nothing; no regular meals, or very little. The goodness of God should be felt and acknowledged in all our blessings; and when about to partake of the bounties of Providence, we should thank him for them, and ask him to make them the means of our good. Cast out the wheat; to lighten the ship, and get it as near the shore as possible. Creek; bay, as the original word means.

Shore; one where they could land.
Taken up; slipped or cut the ropes which fastened the anchors to the ship, so that the wind might drive her into the bay, now called St. Paul's bay.

Loosed the rudder-bands; the rudder had been made fast during the storm. Now it was loosed, that they might again use it to steer the vessel.
Two seas met; and formed a sand-bar or bank, stretching out into the sea.

Stuck-fast; in the sand, so that they could get no nearer to the shore.
To kill the prisoners; those whom they were taking to Rome for trial, lest the soldiers to whose care they had been committed should be punished for letting them go. Soldiers, accustomed to killing men, are apt to think little of the value and sacredness of human life. Fighting is adapted to harden men's hearts, and to nourish and strengthen those feelings which, if continued, will shut them for ever out of heaven. The centurion; Julius. Verses Ac 27:1,3.

Willing; wishing to save Paul. Thus was Paul made the means of again saving the prisoners from death. Verses Ac 27:24,31. It is often a great blessing to wicked men to have a Christian among them. For his sake they may be saved from death, and also in answer to his prayers, through the abounding grace of God, from endless perdition.
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