1 Corinthians 15

Resurrection Essential to the Gospel

1 Now
brother(s): The Greek word adelphoi can be used as a reference to males only or to groups that include males and females. It is the context of each usage that determines the proper meaning.
brothers, I want to clarify
Or I make known
for you the gospel I proclaimed to you; you received it and have taken your stand c on it.
2You are also saved by it, if you hold to the message I proclaimed to you – unless you believed for no purpose.
Or believed without careful thought, or believed in vain
3 For I passed on to you f as most important what I also received:

that Christ died g for our sins
according to the Scriptures h
4 that He was buried i
that He was raised on the third day j
according to the Scriptures k
5 and that He appeared to
Cephas: The Aramaic word for rock; it is parallel to the Greek word petros from which the English name Peter is derived; Jn 1:42; 1 Co 1:12.
Cephas m
then to the Twelve. n
6 Then He appeared to over 500 brothers at one time; o
most of them are still alive,
but some have fallen
asleep: A term used in reference to those who have died
7 Then He appeared to James q
then to all the apostles. r
8 Last of all, as to one abnormally born
Or one whose birth was unusual, He
He also appeared to me. u

9 For I am the least of the apostles v unworthy to be called an apostle, because I persecuted w the church of God. 10 But by God’s grace I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not ineffective. However, I worked more than any of them, yet not I, but God’s grace that was with me. x 11 Therefore, whether it is I or they, so we proclaim and so you have believed.

Resurrection Essential to the Faith

12 Now if Christ is proclaimed as raised from the dead y how can some of you say, There is no resurrection of the dead”? z 13 But if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised; 14 and if Christ has not been raised, then our proclamation is without foundation, and so is your faith.
Or proclamation is useless, and your faith also is useless, or proclamation is empty, and your faith also is empty
15In addition, we are found to be false witnesses ab about God, because we have testified ac about God that He raised up Christ – whom He did not raise up if in fact the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, Christ has not been raised. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is worthless; you are still in your sins. 18 Therefore, those who have fallen asleep in Christ ad have also perished. 19 If we have put our hope in Christ for this life only, we should be pitied more than anyone.

Christ’s Resurrection Guarantees Ours

20 But now Christ has been raised from the dead, the
firstfruits: The agricultural products harvested first and given to God as an offering; also the first of more products to come
firstfruits af of those who have fallen asleep.
21 For since death ag came through a man ah the resurrection of the dead also comes through a man. ai 22 For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ all will be made alive. aj 23 But each in his own order: ak Christ, the firstfruits; afterward, at His coming, those who belong to Christ. 24 Then comes the end al when He hands over the kingdom to God the Father am when He abolishes all rule and all authority and power. an 25 For He must reign ao until He puts all His enemies under His feet. ap 26The last enemy to be abolished is death. aq 27 For God has put everything under His feet. ar , as But when it says everything” is put under Him, it is obvious that He who puts everything under Him is the exception. 28 And when everything is subject to Christ, then the Son at Himself will also be subject to the One who subjected everything to Him, so that God may be all in all. au

Resurrection Supported by Christian Experience

29 Otherwise what will they do who are being baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, then why are people baptized for them?
Other mss read for the dead
30 Why are we in danger every hour? 31I affirm by the pride in you that I have in Christ Jesus our Lord: I die every day! aw 32 If I fought wild animals in Ephesus ax with only human hope,
Lit Ephesus according to man
what good did that do me?
Lit what to me the profit?
ba If the dead are not raised, Let us eat and drink, for tomorrow we die. bb , bc
33Do not be deceived: “Bad company corrupts good morals.”
A quotation from the poet Menander, Thais, 218
34Come to your senses
Lit Sober up righteously
bf and stop sinning, for some people are ignorant about God. I say this to your shame. bg

The Nature of the Resurrection Body

35 But someone will say, “How are the dead raised? What kind of body will they have when they come?” 36 Foolish one! What you sow does not come to life bh unless it dies. 37 And as for what you sow – you are not sowing the future body, but only a seed
Lit but a naked seed
perhaps of wheat or another grain.
38 But God gives it a body as He wants bj and to each of the seeds its own body. 39 Not all flesh bk is the same flesh; there is one flesh for humans, another for animals, another for birds, and another for fish. 40There are heavenly bodies and earthly bodies, but the splendor bl of the heavenly bodies is different from that of the earthly ones. 41There is a splendor of the sun, another of the moon, and another of the stars; for one star differs from another star in splendor. 42 So it is with the resurrection of the dead:

Sown in corruption, raised in incorruption; bm
43 sown in dishonor bn raised in glory; bo
sown in weakness, raised in power; bp
44 sown a natural body, raised a spiritual body.

If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body.
45 So it is written: The first man Adam became a living being; bq , br the last Adam bs became a life-giving Spirit. 46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, then the spiritual.

47 The first man was from the earth
and made of dust; bt
the second man is
Other mss add the Lord
from heaven.
48 Like the man made of dust,
so are those who are made of dust;
like the heavenly man,
so are those who are heavenly. bv
49 And just as we have borne
the image bw of the man made of dust,
we will also bear
the image of the heavenly man. bx

Victorious Resurrection

50 Brothers, I tell you this: Flesh by and blood bz cannot inherit the kingdom of God, and corruption cannot inherit incorruption. 51 Listen! I am telling you a
Mystery: Transliteration of the Greek word mysterion; a secret hidden in the past but now revealed

We will not all fall asleep,
but we will all be changed,
52 in a moment, in the blink of an eye,
at the last trumpet. cb
For the trumpet will sound,
and the dead will be raised incorruptible,
and we will be changed.
53 For this corruptible must be clothed cc
with incorruptibility cd
and this mortal must be clothed
with immortality.
54 When this corruptible is clothed
with incorruptibility,
and this mortal is clothed
with immortality,
then the saying that is written will take place:
Death has been swallowed up ce in victory. cf , cg
55 Death, where is your victory?
Death, where is your sting? ch , ci
56 Now the sting of death is sin,
and the power of sin cj is the law. ck
57 But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory cl
through our Lord Jesus Christ!

58 Therefore, my dear brothers, be steadfast, immovable, always excelling in the Lord’s work cm knowing that your labor in the Lord is not in vain.
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