1 Jude a a
slave: The strong Greek word doulos cannot be accurately translated in English by "servant" or "bond servant"; the HCSB translates this word as "slave," not out of insensitivity to the legitimate concerns of modern English speakers, but out of a commitment to accurately convey the brutal reality of the Roman empire's inhumane institution as well as the ownership called for by Christ.
slave of Jesus Christ and a brother of James:To those who are the called c loved
Other mss read sanctified
e by God the Father and kept by Jesus Christ. f

2May mercy, peace, and love be multiplied to you. g

Jude’s Purpose in Writing

3 Dear friends, although I was eager to write you about the salvation we share, h I found it necessary to write and exhort you to contend for the faith i that was delivered j to the
saint(s)/sanctification/sanctify/sanctified: The work of the Holy Spirit that separates believers in Jesus from the world; at the time of saving faith in Jesus, the believer is made a saint; therefore, all believers are saints. The believer participates with the Spirit in a process of transformation that continues until glorification. The goal of sanctification is progressive conformity to the image of Jesus Christ.
saints once for all.
4 For some men, who were designated for this judgment long ago l have come in by stealth; m they are ungodly n turning the grace of our God into promiscuity and denying o Jesus Christ, our only Master and Lord.

Apostates: Past and Present

5 Now I want to remind you, though you know all these things: The Lord
Other mss read Jesus/Joshua, God, or God Christ
Other mss place first after remind you
saved a people out of Egypt and later destroyed those who did not believe; r
6 and He has kept, with eternal chains in darkness for the judgment of the great day, the angels s who did not keep their own position but deserted their proper dwelling. 7In the same way, Sodom and Gomorrah t and the cities around them committed sexual immorality and practiced perversions,
Lit and went after other flesh
just as angels did, and serve as an example by undergoing the punishment of eternal fire. v

8 Nevertheless, these dreamers likewise defile their flesh, reject authority, and blaspheme glorious ones. w 9 Yet Michael x the archangel y when he was disputing with the Devil z in a debate about Moses’ aa body, did not dare bring an abusive condemnation against him but said, “The Lord rebuke you!” 10 But these people blaspheme anything they don’t understand. What they know by instinct like unreasoning animals – they destroy themselves with these things. 11 Woe to them! For they have traveled in the way of Cain ab have abandoned themselves to the error of Balaam ac for profit, and have perished in Korah’s rebellion. ad

The Apostates’ Doom

12 These are the ones who are like dangerous reefs
Or like spots
at your love feasts. af They feast with you, nurturing only themselves without fear. They are waterless clouds carried along by winds; ag trees in late autumn – fruitless, twice dead, pulled out by the roots;
13 wild waves of the sea, foaming up their shameful deeds; wandering stars ah for whom the blackness of darkness ai is reserved forever! aj

14 And Enoch ak in the seventh generation from Adam, prophesied about them:

Look! The Lord comes
Or came

with thousands of His holy ones am
15 to execute judgment on all
and to convict them
Lit convict all

of all their ungodly ao acts
that they have done in an ungodly way,
and of all the harsh things ungodly sinners
have said against Him.

16 These people are discontented grumblers
walk: A term often used in a figurative way to mean "way of life" or "behavior"
walking according to their desires; aq their mouths utter arrogant words, flattering ar people for their own advantage.

17 But you, dear friends, remember what was predicted by the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ; 18they told you, “In the end time as there will be scoffers at walking according to their own ungodly desires.” 19 These people create divisions and are unbelievers
Or natural
av not having the Spirit.

Exhortation and Benediction

20 But you, dear friends, as you build yourselves up in your most holy faith and pray in the Holy Spirit aw 21 keep yourselves in the love of God ax expecting the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ for eternal life. 22Have mercy on those who doubt; 23 save others by snatching them from the fire; ay have mercy on others but with fear az hating ba even the garment bb defiled by the flesh.

24 Now to Him bc who is able to protect you from stumbling bd and to make you stand in the presence of His glory, blameless be and with great joy, 25to the only bf God our Savior, through Jesus Christ our Lord,
Other mss omit through Jesus Christ our Lord
be glory, majesty, power, and authority before all time,
Other mss omit before all time
now and forever.
Amen: The transliteration of a Hebrew word signifying that something is certain, valid, truthful, or faithful; it is often used at the end of biblical songs, hymns, and prayers.
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