Romans 3

Paul Answers an Objection

1 So what advantage does the Jew have? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? 2 Considerable in every way. First, they were entrusted a with the spoken words of God. b 3 What then? If some did not believe c will their unbelief cancel God’s faithfulness? 4Absolutely not! d God must be true, even if everyone is a liar, e as it is written:

That You may be justified in Your words
and triumph when You judge. f , g

5 But if our unrighteousness highlights
Or shows, or demonstrates
God’s righteousness i what are we to say? j I use a human argument:
Lit I speak as a man
l Is God unrighteous to inflict wrath?
6Absolutely not! Otherwise, how will God judge the world? m 7 But if by my lie God’s truth is amplified to His glory, why am I also still judged as a sinner? n 8 And why not say, just as some people slanderously claim we say, Let us do what is evil so that good may come”? o Their condemnation is deserved!

The Whole World Guilty before God

9 What then? Are we any better?
Are we Jews any better than the Gentiles?
Not at all! For we have previously charged that both Jews q and Gentiles
Lit Greeks
s are all under sin
Under sin’s power or dominion
10 as it is written:
Paul constructs this charge from a chain of OT quotations, mainly from the Psalms.

There is no one righteous, not even one.
11 There is no one who understands;
there is no one who seeks God.
12 All have turned away;
all alike have become useless.
There is no one who does what is good,
not even one. w , x
13 Their throat is an open grave;
they deceive with their tongues. y , z
Vipers’ venom is under their lips. aa , ab
14 Their mouth is full of cursing and bitterness. ac , ad
15 Their feet are swift to shed blood;
16 ruin and wretchedness are in their paths,
17 and the path of peace they have not known. ae , af
18 There is no fear of God before their eyes. ag , ah

19 Now we know that whatever the law says ai speaks to those who are subject to the law
Lit those in the law
ak so that every mouth may be shut and the whole world may become subject to God’s judgment.
Or become guilty before God, or may be accountable to God
20 For no one will be
justification/justify/justified: The act of God as judge that declares sinners (who were in the wrong) to be right or righteous in His sight. God is just in doing this because Jesus died on the cross to take away their sins and to give them His own righteousness (2Co 5:21). The sinner receives this justification by faith and by grace when he trusts Christ's work.
Or will be declared righteous, or will be acquitted
in His sight by the works of the law ap because the knowledge of sin comes through the law. aq

God’s Righteousness through Faith

21 But now, apart from the law, God’s righteousness has been revealed ar – attested by the Law and the Prophets
When capitalized, the Law and the Prophets = OT
22– that is, God’s righteousness through faith au in Jesus Christ,
Or through the faithfulness of Jesus Christ
aw to all who believe, ax since there is no distinction. ay
23 For all have sinned az and fall short of the
Or and lack the
glory of God.
24They are justified freely by His grace bb through the
redemption/redeemed: The deliverance from bondage by a payment or ransom (Mk 10:45; 1Pe 1:18-19)
redemption that is in Christ Jesus. bd
25 God presented Him as a
propitiation: The removal of divine wrath; Jesus' death is the means that turns God's wrath from the sinner.
Or as a propitiatory sacrifice, or as an offering of atonement, or as a mercy seat; 2Co 5:21; Heb 9:5
bg through faith in His blood bh to demonstrate His righteousness, because in His restraint God bi passed over the sins previously committed. bj
26God presented Him to demonstrate His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be righteous and declare righteous
Or and justify, or and acquit
the one who has faith in Jesus.

Boasting Excluded

27 Where then is boasting? bl It is excluded. By what kind of law?
Or what principle?
bn By one of works? No, on the contrary, by a law
Or a principle
of faith.
28 For we conclude that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law. bp 29 Or is God for Jews only? bq Is He not also for Gentiles? Yes, for Gentiles too, 30 since there is one God br who will justify the circumcised by faith bs and the uncircumcised through faith. 31Do we then cancel the law through faith? Absolutely not! bt On the contrary, we uphold the law. bu
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