1. soft—tender or gentle.turneth . . . wrath—from any one. stir up—as a smouldering fire is excited.
2. useth . . . aright—commends knowledge by its proper use.poureth out—utters abundantly (Pr 12:23), and so disgusts others.
3. beholding—watching (compare Pr 5:21; Ps 66:7).
4. A wholesome tongue—(Compare Margin), pacifying and soothing language.tree of life— (Pr 3:18; 11:30). perverseness therein—cross, ill-natured language. breach . . . spirit—(compare Isa 65:14, Hebrew), grieves, instead of appeasing.
5. (Compare Pr 4:1; 10:17; 13:1-18).is prudent—acts discreetly.
6. treasure—implying utility.trouble—vexation and affliction.
7. (Compare Pr 10:20, 21).heart . . . not so—not right, or vain.
8, 9. The sacrifice [and] prayer—are acts of worship.way . . . followeth . . . righteousness—denote conduct. God's regard for the worship and deeds of the righteous and wicked respectively, so stated in Ps 50:17; Isa 1:11.
10. (Compare Pr 10:17).the way—that in which God would have him to go (Pr 2:13; Ps 119:1).
11. Hell— (Ps 16:10).destruction—or, "Abaddon," the place of the destroyer. All the unseen world is open to God, much more men's hearts.
12. (Compare Pr 9:8).go unto the wise—to be instructed.
13. maketh . . . countenance—or, "benefits the countenance."spirit is broken—and so the countenance is sad.
15. The state of the heart governs the outward condition.evil—sad, contrasted with the cheerfulness of a feast.
16. trouble—agitation, implying the anxieties and perplexities attending wealth held by worldlings (Pr 16:18; 1Ti 6:6).
17. dinner—or, "allowance" (2Ki 25:30) —of herbs—and that the plainest. and hatred—(compare Pr 10:12, 18).
18. (Compare Pr 14:29; 16:32).
19. The difficulties of the slothful result from want of energy; the righteous find aplain [and open] way—literally, "a highway," by diligence (1Sa 10:7; Ps 1:3).
20. (Compare Pr 10:1).
21. walketh uprightly—and so finds his joy (Pr 3:6; 10:23).
22. Without counsel—or, "deliberation," implying a wise deference to the opinions of the wise and good, contrasted with rashness.
23. Good advice blesses the giver and receiver.
24. (Compare Col 3:2). Holy purposes prevent sinning, and so its evils.
25. The most desolate who have God's aid have more permanent good than the self-reliant sinner (Pr 2:22; 12:7).border—or, "boundary for possessions" (Ps 78:54).
26. are pleasant words—that is, pleasing to God (Pr 8:8, 9).
27. (Compare Pr 11:17). Avarice brings trouble to him and his.hateth gifts—or, "bribes" (Ex 23:8; Ps 15:5), and is not avaricious.
28. (Compare Pr 15:14; 10:11). Caution is the fruit of wisdom; rashness of folly.
29. far . . . wicked—in His love and favor (Ps 22:11; 119:155).
30. light of the eyes— (Pr 13:9). What gives light rejoiceth the heart, by relieving from anxiety as to our course; sogood report—or, "doctrine" (Isa 28:9; 53:1), maketh . . . fat—or, "gives prosperity" (Pr 3:13-17; 9:11). The last clause is illustrated by the first.
31, 32. (Compare Pr 10:17).reproof of life—which leads to life. abideth . . . wise—is numbered among them.
32. refuseth—or, "neglects," "passes by" (Pr 1:25; 4:15).despiseth . . . soul—so acts as if esteeming its interests of no value.
33. The fear . . . wisdom—Wisdom instructs in true piety.before . . . humility—(compare Lu 24:26; 1Pe 1:11); opposite (compare Pr 16:18).
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