1. hardeneth . . . neck—obstinately refuses counsel (2Ki 17:14; Ne 9:16).destroyed—literally, "shivered" or "utterly broken to pieces." without remedy—literally, "without healing" or repairing.
2. (Compare Pr 11:10; 28:28).in authority—(Compare Margin), increased in power.
3. (Compare Pr 4:6, 7; 10:1, &c.).
4. by judgment—that is, righteous decisions, opposed to those procured by gifts (compare Pr 28:21), by which good government is perverted.land—for nation.
5. (Compare Pr 26:28).spreadeth . . . feet—By misleading him as to his real character, the flatterer brings him to evil, prepared by himself or others.
6. In—or, "By"the transgression—he is brought into difficulty (Pr 12:13), but the righteous go on prospering, and so sing or rejoice.
7. considereth—literally, "knows," as Ps 1:6.the cause—that is, in courts of justice (compare Pr 29:14). The voluntary neglect of it by the wicked (Pr 28:27) occasions oppression.
8. Scornful men—those who contemptuously disregard God's law.bring—(Compare Margin), kindle strife. turn away wrath—that is, "abate wrath."
9. contendeth—that is, in law.whether . . . laugh—The fool, whether angry or good-humored, is unsettled; or referring the words to the wise man, the sense is, that all his efforts, severe or gentle, are unavailing to pacify the fool.
10. bloodthirsty—(Compare Margin), murderers (Ps 5:6; 26:9).hate, &c.— (Pr 1:11; Ge 3:4). seek . . . soul—that is, to preserve it.
11. (Compare Pr 12:16; 16:32).mind—or, "spirit," for anger or any ill passion which the righteous restrain.
12. His servants imitate him.
13. (Compare Pr 22:2).deceitful man—literally, "man of vexations," an exactor. the Lord . . . their eyes—sustains their lives (1Sa 14:27; Ps 13:3); that is, both depend on Him, and He will do justice.
15. (Compare Pr 13:24; 23:13).
16. (Compare Pr 29:2, 12; Ps 12:1-8).shall see . . . fall—and triumph in it (Ps 37:34-38; 58:10, 11).
17. (Compare Pr 29:3, 15; Pr 19:18).give thee rest—peace and quiet (compare Pr 29:9).
18. no vision—instruction in God's truth, which was by prophets, through visions (1Sa 3:1).people perish—(Compare Margin), are deprived of moral restraints. keepeth the law—has, and observes, instruction (Pr 14:11, 34; Ps 19:11).
19. A servant—who lacks good principle.corrected—or discovered. will not answer—that is, will not obey.
20. (Compare Pr 21:5).hasty in . . . words?—implying self-conceit (Pr 26:12).
21. become his son—assume the place and privileges of one.
22. (Compare Pr 15:18). Such are delighted by discord and violence.
23. (Compare Pr 16:18; 18:12).honour . . . spirit—or, "such shall lay hold on honor" (Pr 11:16).
24. hateth . . . soul—(Compare Pr 8:36).heareth cursing— (Le 5:1), risks the punishment, rather than reveal truth.
25. The fear . . . snare—involves men in difficulty (compare Pr 29:6).shall be safe—(Compare Margin; Pr 18:10).
26. (Compare Margin; Ps 27:8). God alone will and can do exact justice.
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