1 Corinthians 12

Varieties of Spiritual Gifts

Now concerning spiritual gifts
Or “spiritual  things”; possibly “those who possess spiritual gifts”
brothers, I do not want you to be ignorant.
You know that when you were pagans, you were led astray to the speechless idols, however you were led. Therefore I make known to you that no one speaking by the Spirit of God says, “Jesus is accursed,” and no one is able to say “Jesus is Lord” except by the Holy Spirit.

Now there are varieties of gifts, but the same Spirit, and there are varieties of ministries, and the same Lord, and there are varieties of activities, but the same God, who works all things in all people. But to each one is given the manifestation of the Spirit for what is beneficial to all. For to one is given a word of wisdom through the Spirit, and to another a word of knowledge by the same Spirit, to another faith by the same Spirit, to another
Some manuscripts have “and to another”
gifts of healing by the one Spirit,
10 to another
Some manuscripts have “and to another”
˻miraculous powers˼
Literally “activities of power”
, to another
Some manuscripts have “and to another”
prophecy, to another
Some manuscripts have “and to another”
distinguishing of spirits, to another kinds of tongues, to another
Some manuscripts have “and to another”
interpretation of tongues.
11 But in all these things one and the same Spirit is at work, distributing to each one individually just as he wishes.

12 

Unity in the Midst of Diversity

For just as the body is one and has many members, but all the members of the body, although they
Here “ although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“are”) which is understood as concessive
are many, are one body, thus also Christ.
13 For by
Or “in”
one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether slaves or free persons, and all were made to drink one Spirit.
14 For the body is not one member, but many. 15 If the foot should say, “Because I am not a hand, I am not a part of the body,” not because of this is it not a part of the body. 16 And if the ear should say, “Because I am not an eye, I am not a part of the body, not because of this is it not a part of the body. 17 If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? If the whole were hearing, where would the sense of smell be? 18 But now God has placed the members, each one of them, in the body just as he wanted. 19 And if they all were one member, where would the body be? 20 But now there are many members, but one body.

21 Now the eye is not able to say to the hand, “I do not have need of you,” or again, the head to the feet, “I do not have need of you.” 22 But by much more the members of the body which are thought to be weaker are necessary, 23 and the parts of the body which we think to be less honorable, these we clothe with more abundant honor, and our unpresentable parts come to have more abundant presentability, 24 but our presentable parts do not have need of this. Yet God composed the body by giving more abundant honor to the part which lacked it, 25 in order that there not be a division in the body, but the members would have the same concern for one another. 26 And if one member suffers, all the members suffer together; if a member
Some manuscripts have “one member”
is honored, all the members rejoice with it.

27 Now you are the body of Christ, and members ˻of it individually˼
Literally “by part”
,
28 and whom God has appointed in the church: first, apostles, second, prophets, third, teachers, then miracles, then gifts of healing, helps, administrations, kinds of tongues. 29 Not all are apostles, are they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
Not all are prophets, are they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
Not all are teachers, are they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
Not all are workers of miracles, are they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
30 Not all have gifts of healing, do they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
Not all speak with tongues, do they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
Not all interpret, do they?
The negative construction in Greek anticipates a negative answer here
31 But strive
Or “you are striving” (some understand the form of this verb to be indicative mood rather than imperative mood)
for the greater gifts. And I will show you a still more excellent way.

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