2 Peter 2

The Rise and Fall of the False Teachers

But there were also false prophets among the people, as there will be false teachers among you also, who will bring in ˻destructive heresies˼
Literally “heresies of destruction”
, even denying the Master who bought them, thus
Here “ thus” is supplied as a component of the participle (“bringing on”) which is understood as result
bringing on themselves swift destruction.
And many will follow their licentious ways, because of whom the way of truth will be reviled. And in greediness they will exploit you with false words, whose condemnation from long ago is not idle, and their destruction is not asleep.

For if God did not spare the angels who sinned, but held them captive in Tartarus with chains of darkness and handed them over to be kept for judgment, and did not spare the ancient world, but preserved Noah, a proclaimer of righteousness, ˻and seven others˼
Literally “eighth”
when he
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“brought”) which is understood as temporal
brought a flood on the world of the ungodly,
and condemned the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah to destruction, reducing them to ashes, having appointed them as an example for those who are going to be ungodly, and rescued righteous Lot, worn down by the way of life of lawless persons in licentiousness (for that righteous man, as he
Here “ as” is supplied as a component of the participle (“lived”) which is understood as temporal
lived among them day after day, was tormenting his righteous soul by the lawless deeds he was seeing and hearing),
then the Lord knows how to rescue the godly from trials and to reserve the unrighteous to be punished at
Or “until”
the day of judgment,
10 and especially those who go after the flesh in defiling lust
Literally “in lust of defilement,” translated here as an attributive genitive
and who despise authority.

Bold and arrogant, they do not tremble in awe as they
Here “ as” is supplied as a component of the participle (“blaspheme”) which is understood as temporal
blaspheme majestic beings,
11 whereas angels, who are greater in strength and power, do not bring against them a demeaning judgment.
Some manuscripts have “a demeaning judgment from the Lord”
12 But these persons, like irrational animals born only with natural instincts for capture and killing, blaspheming ˻about things˼
Literally “with reference to which”
they do not understand, in their destruction will also be destroyed,
13 being harmed as the wages of unrighteousness. Considering reveling in the daytime a pleasure, they are stains and blemishes, carousing in their deceitful pleasures when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“feast together”) which is understood as temporal
feast together with you,
14 having eyes full of desire for an adulteress and unceasing from sin, enticing unstable persons, and
Here “ and” is supplied in keeping with English style
having hearts trained for greediness. Accursed children!
15 By
Here “ by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“leaving”) which is understood as means
leaving the straight path, they have gone astray, because they
Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“followed”) which is understood as causal
followed the way of Balaam the son of Bosor,
Although some English versions use “Beor” here, this is due to harmonization with the Old Testament; the vast majority of Greek manuscripts read “Bosor” here
who loved the wages of unrighteousness,
16 but received a rebuke for his own lawlessness: a speechless donkey, speaking with a human voice, restrained ˻the prophet’s madness˼
Literally “the of the prophet madness”
.

17 These people are waterless springs and mists driven by a hurricane, for whom the gloom of darkness has been reserved. 18 ˻For by speaking high-sounding but empty words˼
Literally “for speaking pompous  words of emptiness”
, they entice with desires of the flesh and with licentiousness those who are scarcely escaping from those who live in error,
19 promising them freedom although they
Here “ although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“are”) which is understood as concessive
themselves are slaves of depravity. For to whatever someone succumbs, by this he is also
Some manuscripts omit “also”
enslaved.
20 For if, after they
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“have escaped from”) which is understood as temporal
have escaped from the defilements of the world through the knowledge of the Lord
Some manuscripts have “of our Lord”
and Savior Jesus Christ, and they are again entangled in these things and succumb to them, the last state has become worse for them than the first.
21 For it would have been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness than having known it, to turn back from the holy commandment that had been delivered to them. 22 The statement of the true proverb has happened to them, “A dog returns to its own vomit,”
A paraphrased quotation from Prov 26:11
and “A sow, after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“washing herself”) which is understood as temporal
washing herself, returns
The verb “ returns” is not in the Greek text, but is an understood repetition from the previous clause
to wallowing in the mud.”
The source of this quotation is uncertain


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