The Jerusalem CouncilAnd some men came down from Judea and ▼
▼ Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“came down”) has been translated as a finite verbbegan teaching ▼
▼ The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began teaching”)the brothers, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom prescribed by Moses, you cannot be saved.” 2 And after ▼
▼ Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was”)there was no little strife and debate by Paul and Barnabas against them, they appointed Paul and Barnabas and some others from among them to go up to the apostles and elders in Jerusalem concerning this issue. 3 So they were sent on their way by the church, and ▼
▼ Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“were sent on their way”) has been translated as a finite verbpassed through both Phoenicia and Samaria, telling in detail the conversion of the Gentiles and bringing great joy to all the brothers. 4 And when they ▼
▼ Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“arrived”) which is understood as temporalarrived in Jerusalem, they were received by the church and the apostles and the elders, and reported all that God had done with them. 5 But some of those who had believed from the party of the Pharisees stood up, saying, “It is necessary to circumcise them and to command them ▼ to observe the law of Moses!”
6 Both the apostles and the elders assembled to deliberate concerning this matter. 7 And after ▼
▼ Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was”)there was much debate, Peter stood up and ▼
▼ Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“stood up”) has been translated as a finite verbsaid to them, “Men and brothers, you know that in the early days ▼
▼ Or “from ancient days”God chose among you through my mouth that the Gentiles should hear the message of the gospel and believe. 8 And God, who knows the heart, testified to them by ▼
▼ Here “ by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“giving”) which is understood as meansgiving them ▼ the Holy Spirit, just as he also did to us. 9 And he made no distinction between us and them, cleansing their hearts by faith. 10 So now why are you putting God to the test by ▼
▼ Here “ by” is supplied as a component of the infinitive (“placing”) which is understood as meansplacing on the neck of the disciples a yoke that neither our fathers nor we have been able to bear? 11 But we believe we will be saved through the grace of the Lord Jesus in ˻the same˼ ▼
▼ Literally “which”way those also are.” 12 And the whole group became silent and listened to Barnabas and Paul describing all the signs and wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them. 13 And after they had stopped speaking, James answered, saying, “Men and brothers, listen to me! 14 Simeon has described how God first concerned himself to take from among the Gentiles a people for his name. 15 And with this the words of the prophets agree, just as it is written:
16 ‘After these things I will return
and build up again the tent of David that has fallen,
and the parts of it that had been torn down I will build up again
and will restore it,
17 so that the rest of humanity may seek the Lord,
even all the Gentiles ▼
▼ The same Greek word can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles” depending on the context˻who are called by my name˼ ▼
▼ Literally “on whom my name has been called on them”
says the Lord, ▼ who makes these things 18 known from of old.’ ▼
19 Therefore I conclude we should not cause difficulty for those from among the Gentiles who turn to God, 20 but we should write a letter to them to abstain from the pollution of idols and from sexual immorality and from what has been strangled and from blood. 21 For Moses has those who proclaim him in every city from ancient generations, because he ▼
▼ Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“is read aloud”) which is understood as causalis read aloud in the synagogues on every Sabbath.”
The Letter from the CouncilThen it seemed best to the apostles and the elders, together with the whole church, to send men chosen from among them to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas—Judas who was called Barsabbas and Silas, men who were leaders among the brothers— 23 writing this letter ▼ ˻to be delivered by them˼: ▼
▼ Literally “by their hand”
The apostles and the elders, brothers.
To the brothers who are from among the Gentiles in Antioch and Syria and Cilicia.
The Letter Is Delivered to AntiochSo when ▼
▼ Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were sent off”) which is understood as temporalthey were sent off, they came down to Antioch, and after ▼
▼ Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“calling together”) which is understood as temporalcalling together the community, they delivered the letter. 31 And when they ▼
▼ Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“read … aloud”) which is understood as temporalread it ▼ aloud, they rejoiced at the encouragement. 32 Both Judas and Silas, who were also prophets themselves, encouraged and strengthened the brothers by a long message. 33 And after ▼
▼ Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“spending”) which is understood as temporalspending some time, they were sent away in peace from the brothers to those who had sent them. ▼ 35 But Paul and Barnabas remained in Antioch teaching and proclaiming the word of the Lord with many others also.
Paul and Barnabas Disagree and Part CompanyAnd after some days, Paul said to Barnabas, “Come then,let us return and ▼
▼ Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“return”) has been translated as a finite verbvisit the brothers in every town in which we proclaimed the word of the Lord, to see how they are doing.” 37 Now Barnabas wanted to take John who was called Mark along also, 38 but Paul held the opinion they should not take this one along, who departed from them in Pamphylia and did not accompany them in the work. 39 And a sharp disagreement took place, so that they separated from one another. And Barnabas took along Mark and ▼
▼ Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took along”) has been translated as a finite verbsailed away to Cyprus, 40 but Paul chose Silas and ▼
▼ Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“chose”) has been translated as a finite verbdeparted, after ▼
▼ Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“being commended”) which is understood as temporalbeing commended to the grace of the Lord by the brothers. 41 And he traveled through Syria and Cilicia, strengthening the churches.
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