Acts 19

Paul Finds Disciples of John the Baptist in Ephesus

And it happened that while Apollos was in Corinth, Paul traveled through the inland regions and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“traveled through”) has been translated as a finite verb
came
Some manuscripts have “ and came down”
to Ephesus and found some disciples.
And he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“believed”) which is understood as temporal
believed?” And they said to him, “But we have not even heard that there is a Holy Spirit!”
And he said, “Into what then were you baptized?” And they said, “Into the baptism of John.” And Paul said, “John baptized with a baptism of repentance, telling the people that they should believe in the one who was to come after him—that is, in Jesus.” And when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as temporal
heard this,
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.
And when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“laid”)
Paul laid hands
Some manuscripts have “placed his hands”
on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them and they began to speak
The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began to speak”)
in tongues and to prophesy.
(Now the total number of men was about twelve.)

So he entered into the synagogue and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“entered”) has been translated as a finite verb
was speaking boldly for three months, discussing and attempting to convince
The present tense participle has been translated as a conative present (“attempting to convince”)
them
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
concerning
Some manuscripts have “ of the things concerning”
the kingdom of God.
But when some became hardened and were disobedient, reviling the Way before the congregation, he departed from them and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“departed”) has been translated as a finite verb
took away the disciples, leading discussions every day in the lecture hall of Tyrannus.
10 And this took place for two years, so that all who lived in Asia
A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor)
heard the word of the Lord, both Jews and Greeks.

11 

Would-be Exorcists

And God was performing ˻extraordinary˼
Literally “not the ordinary”
miracles by the hands of Paul,
12 so that even handkerchiefs or work aprons ˻that had touched his skin˼
Literally “from his skin”
were carried away to those who were sick, and their
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
diseases left them and the evil spirits came out of them.
The words “ of them” are not in the Greek text but are implied
13 But some itinerant Jewish exorcists also attempted to pronounce the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, “I adjure you by Jesus whom Paul preaches!” 14 (Now seven sons of a certain Sceva, a Jewish chief priest, were doing this.) 15 But the evil spirit answered and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“answered”) has been translated as a finite verb
said to them, “Jesus I know, and Paul I am acquainted with, but who are you?”
16 And the man ˻who had the evil spirit˼
Literally “in whom the evil spirit was”
leaped on them, subdued all of them, and
Here “and” is supplied because the two previous participles (“leaped” and “subdued”) have been translated as finite verbs
prevailed against them, so that they ran away from that house naked and wounded.
17 And this became known to all who lived in Ephesus, both Jews and Greeks, and fear fell upon them all, and the name of the Lord Jesus was exalted. 18 And many of those who had believed came, confessing and disclosing their practices, 19 and many of those who practiced magic brought together their
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
books and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“brought together”) has been translated as a finite verb
burned them
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
up in the sight of everyone. And they counted up their value and found it was ˻fifty thousand silver coins˼.
Literally “five ten thousands of silver coins”
20 In this way the word of the Lord was growing in power and was prevailing.

21 

A Major Riot in Ephesus

Now when these things were completed, Paul resolved in the Spirit to go to Jerusalem, passing through Macedonia and Achaia, saying, “After I have been there, it is necessary for me to see Rome also.”
22 So after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“sending”) which is understood as temporal
sending two of those who were assisting him, Timothy and Erastus, to Macedonia, he himself stayed some time in Asia.
A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor)


23 Now there happened at that time no little disturbance concerning the Way. 24 For someone ˻named˼
Literally “by name”
Demetrius, a silversmith who made silver replicas of the temple of Artemis, was bringing no little business to the craftsmen.
25 ˻These˼
Literally “whom”
he gathered together, and the workers occupied with such things, and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“gathered together”) has been translated as a finite verb
said, “Men, you know that from this business ˻we get our prosperity˼
Literally “prosperity is to us”
26 and you see and hear that not only in Ephesus but in almost all of Asia
A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor)
this man Paul has persuaded and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“has persuaded”) has been translated as a finite verb
turned away a large crowd by
Here “ by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“saying”) which is understood as means
saying that the gods made by hands are not gods.
27 So not only is there a danger this line of business of ours will come into disrepute, but also the temple of the great goddess Artemis will be regarded as nothing—and she is about to be brought down even from her grandeur, she whom the whole of Asia
A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor)
and the entire world worship!”

28 And when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as temporal
heard this
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
and became full of rage, they began to shout,
The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began to shout”)
saying, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”
29 And the city was filled with the tumult, and with one purpose they rushed into the theater, seizing Gaius and Aristarchus, Macedonians who were traveling companions of Paul. 30 But when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“wanted”)
Paul wanted to enter into the popular assembly, the disciples would not let him.
31 And even some of the Asiarchs
Or “provincial authorities”
who were his friends sent word
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
to him and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“sent”) has been translated as a finite verb
were urging him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
not to risk himself by going into the theater.
32 So some were shouting one thing
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
and some another, for the assembly was in confusion, and the majority did not know ˻why˼
Literally “on account of what”
they had assembled.
33 And some of the crowd advised
Or “concluded  it was about
Alexander, when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“put … forward”)
the Jews put him forward. But Alexander, motioning with his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
hand, was wanting to defend himself to the popular assembly.
34 But when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“recognized”) which is understood as temporal
recognized that he was a Jew, they were shouting with one voice from all of them for about two hours, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”
35 And when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had quieted”) which is understood as temporal
the city secretary had quieted the crowd, he said, “Ephesian men, for who is there among men who does not know the Ephesian city is honorary temple keeper of the great Artemis and of her
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
image fallen from heaven?
36 Therefore because
Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the causal genitive absolute participle (“are”)
these things are undeniable, it is necessary that you be quiet and do nothing rash!
37 For you have brought these men here who are neither temple robbers nor blasphemers of our goddess. 38 If then Demetrius and the craftsmen who are with him have a complaint against anyone, the court days are observed and there are proconsuls—let them bring charges against one another! 39 But if you desire anything further, it will be settled in the lawful assembly. 40 For indeed we are in danger of being accused of rioting concerning today, since there
Here “ since” is supplied as a component of the causal genitive absolute participle (“is”)
is no cause in relation to which we will be able to give an account concerning this disorderly gathering!” And when he
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had said”) which is understood as temporal
had said these things, he dismissed the assembly.
Verse 41 in the English Bible is included as part of v. 40 in the standard editions of the Greek text


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