Acts 9

Saul’s Conversion on the Damascus Road

But Saul, still breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord, went to the high priest
and
Here “ and” is supplied because the participle in the previous verse (“went to”) has been translated as a finite verb
asked for letters from him to the synagogues in Damascus, so that if he found any who were of the Way, both men and women, he could bring them
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
tied up
Or figuratively “bring  them under arrest”
to Jerusalem.
Now as he proceeded, it happened that when he approached Damascus, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. And falling to the ground, he heard a voice saying to him, “Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting me?” So he said, “Who are you, Lord?” And he said, “I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting! But get up and enter into the city, and it will be told to you ˻what you must do˼.”
Literally “what thing it is necessary  that you do”
(Now the men who were traveling together with him stood speechless, because they
Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as causal
heard the voice but saw no one.)
So Saul got up from the ground, but although
Here “ although” is supplied as a component of the genitive absolute participle (“were open”) which is understood as concessive
his eyes were open he could see nothing. And leading him by the hand, they brought him into Damascus.
And he was ˻unable to see˼
Literally “not seeing”
for three days, and he did not eat or drink.

10 

Ananias Sent to Saul

Now there was a certain disciple in Damascus ˻named˼
Literally “by name”
Ananias, and the Lord said to him in a vision, “Ananias!” And he said, “Behold, here I am, Lord!”
11 And the Lord said to him, “Get up, go to the street called ‘Straight’ and in the house of Judas look for ˻a man named Saul from Tarsus˼.
Literally “Saul by name of Tarsus”
For behold, he is praying,
12 and he has seen in a vision a man ˻named˼
Literally “by name”
Ananias coming in and placing hands
Some manuscripts have “placing his hands”
on him so that he may regain his sight.”
13 But Ananias replied, “Lord, I have heard from many people about this man, how much harm he has done to your saints in Jerusalem, 14 and here he has authority from the chief priests to tie up
Or figuratively “to arrest” or “to imprison”
all who call upon your name!”
15 But the Lord said to him, “Go, because this man is my chosen instrument to carry my name before Gentiles
The same Greek word can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles” depending on the context
and kings and the sons of Israel.
16 For I will show him how much he must suffer for the sake of my name.” 17 So Ananias departed and entered into the house, and placing his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
hands on him, he said, “Brother Saul, the Lord Jesus, who appeared to you on the road by which you came, has sent me so that you may regain your sight and be filled with the Holy Spirit.”
18 And immediately something like scales fell from his eyes and he regained his sight and got up and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“got up”) has been translated as a finite verb
was baptized,
19 and after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“taking”) which is understood as temporal
taking food, he regained his strength. And he was with the disciples in Damascus several days.

20 

Saul Proclaims Christ in Damascus

And immediately he began proclaiming
The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began proclaiming”)
Jesus in the synagogues: “This one is the Son of God!”
21 And all who heard him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
were amazed, and were saying, “Is this not the one who was wreaking havoc in Jerusalem on those who call upon this name, and had come here for this reason, that he could bring them tied up
Or figuratively “bring them under arrest”
to the chief priests?”
22 But Saul was increasing in strength even more, and was confounding the Jews who lived in Damascus by
Here “ by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“proving”) which is understood as means
proving that this one is the Christ.
Or “Messiah”


23 And when many days had elapsed, the Jews plotted to do away with him. 24 But their plot became known to Saul, and they were also watching the gates both day and night so that they could do away with him. 25 But his disciples took him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
at night and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took”) has been translated as a finite verb
let him down through the wall by
Here “ by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“lowering”) which is understood as means
lowering him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
in a basket.

26 

Saul in Jerusalem

And when he
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“arrived”) which is understood as temporal
arrived in Jerusalem, he was attempting to associate with the disciples, and they were all afraid of him, because they
Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“believe”) which is understood as causal
did not believe that he was a disciple.
27 But Barnabas took him and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“took”) has been translated as a finite verb
brought him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
to the apostles and related to them how he had seen the Lord on the road and that he had spoken to him, and how in Damascus he had spoken boldly in the name of Jesus.
28 And he was going in and going out among them in Jerusalem, speaking boldly in the name of the Lord. 29 And he was speaking and debating with the ˻Greek-speaking Jews˼,
Literally “Hellenists”
but they were trying to do away with him.
30 And when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“found out”) which is understood as temporal
the brothers found out, they brought him down to Caesarea and sent him away to Tarsus.

31 Then the church throughout all of Judea and Galilee and Samaria had peace, being strengthened. And living in the fear of the Lord and the encouragement of the Holy Spirit, it was increasing in numbers.
The words “ in numbers” are not in the Greek text but are implied


32 

Aeneas Healed

Now it happened that as
Here “ as” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was traveling”) which is understood as temporal
Peter was traveling through all the places
The words “ the places” are not in the Greek text but are implied
he also came down to the saints who lived in Lydda.
33 And he found there a certain man ˻named˼
Literally “by name”
Aeneas who was paralyzed, who had been lying on a mat
Or “mattress”
for eight years.
34 And Peter said to him, “Aeneas, Jesus Christ heals you! Get up and make your bed yourself!” And immediately he got up. 35 And all those who lived in Lydda and Sharon saw him, who all
Here “ all” is supplied to indicate the relative pronoun is plural
indeed turned to the Lord.

36 

Dorcas Raised

Now in Joppa there was a certain female disciple ˻named˼
Literally “by name”
Tabitha (which translated means “Dorcas”).
“Dorcas” is the Greek translation of the Aramaic name “Tabitha” which means “deer” or “gazelle”
She was full of good deeds and charitable giving which she was constantly doing.
Here the imperfect verb is translated as a customary imperfect (“was constantly doing”)
37 Now it happened that in those days after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“becoming sick”) which is understood as temporal
becoming sick, she died. And after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“washing”) which is understood as temporal
washing her,
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
they placed her in an upstairs room.
38 And because
Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was”) which is understood as causal
Lydda was near Joppa, the disciples, when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as temporal
heard that Peter was in ˻Lydda˼,
Literally “in it”
sent two men to him, urging, “Do not delay to come to us!”
39 So Peter got up and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“got up”) has been translated as a finite verb
accompanied them. When he
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“arrived”) which is understood as temporal
arrived, they brought him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
up to the upstairs room, and all the widows came to him, weeping and showing him
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
tunics and other clothing that Dorcas used to make while she
Here “ while” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was”) which is understood as temporal
was with them.
40 But Peter sent them all outside, and, falling to his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
knees, he prayed. And turning toward the body, he said, “Tabitha, get up!” And she opened her eyes, and when she
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“saw”) which is understood as temporal
saw Peter, she sat up.
41 And he gave her his hand and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“gave”) has been translated as a finite verb
raised her up. And he called the saints and the widows and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“called”) has been translated as a finite verb
presented her alive.
42 And it became known throughout all Joppa, and many believed in the Lord. 43 And it happened that he stayed many days in Joppa with a certain Simon, a tanner.
Or “with a certain Simon Berseus”; most modern English versions treat the word as Simon’s profession (“Simon the tanner”), but the word may actually be a surname (“Simon Berseus” or “Simon Tanner”)


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