John 13

Jesus Washes His Disciples’ Feet

Now before the feast of Passover, Jesus, knowing that his hour had come that he would depart from this world to the Father, and
Here “ and” is supplied in keeping with English style
having loved his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
own in the world, loved them to the end.
And as
Here “ as” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was taking place”)
a dinner was taking place, when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“put”)
the devil had already put into the heart of Judas son of Simon Iscariot that he should betray him,
because he
Here “ because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“knew”) which is understood as causal
knew that the Father had given him all things into his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
hands, and that he had come forth from God and was going away to God,
he got up from the dinner and took off his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
outer clothing, and taking a towel, tied it
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
around himself.
Then he poured water into the washbasin and began to wash the feet of the disciples, and to wipe them
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
dry with the towel ˻which he had tied around himself˼.
Literally “with which he was girded”


Then he came to Simon Peter. He said to him, “Lord, are you going to wash my feet?” Jesus answered and said to him, “What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will understand after these things.” Peter said to him, “You will never wash my feet ˻forever˼!”
Literally “for the age”
Jesus replied to him, “Unless I wash you, you do not have a share with me.”
Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, not my feet only, but also my
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
hands and my
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
head!”
10 Jesus said to him, “The one who has bathed ˻only needs˼
Literally “does not have need except”
to wash his
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
feet, but is completely clean. And you are clean, but not all of you.”
11 (For he knew the one who would betray him; because of this he said, “Not all of you are clean.”)

12 So when he had washed their feet and taken his outer clothing and reclined at table again, he said to them, “Do you understand what I have done for you? 13 You call me ‘Teacher’ and ‘Lord,’ and you speak correctly, for I am. 14 If then I—your
Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
Lord and Teacher—wash your feet, you also ought to wash one another’s feet.
15 For I have given you an example, that just as I have done for you, you also do. 16 Truly, truly I say to you, a slave is not greater than his master, nor a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 If you understand these things, you are blessed if you do them.

18 “I am not speaking about all of you. I know whom I have chosen, but in order that the scripture would be fulfilled, ‘The one who eats my bread has lifted up his heel against me.’
A quotation from Ps 41:9
19 From now on I am telling you before it happens, in order that when it happens you may believe that I am he.
Here the predicate nominative (“ he”) is understood, but must be supplied in the translation
20 Truly, truly I say to you, the one who receives anyone I send receives me, and the one who receives me receives the one who sent me.”

21 

Jesus Predicts Judas’ Betrayal

When he
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had said”) which is understood as temporal
had said these things, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified and said, “Truly, truly I say to you that one of you will betray me.”
22 The disciples began looking
The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began looking”)
at one another, uncertain about whom he was speaking.
23 One of his disciples—the one whom Jesus loved—was reclining ˻close beside˼
Literally “in the bosom of” (a position dictated by ancient banqueting practice)
Jesus.
24 So Simon Peter gestured for this one to inquire who it was about whom he was speaking. 25 He leaned back
Some manuscripts have “Then he leaned back”
accordingly against Jesus’ chest and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“leaned back”) has been translated as a finite verb
said to him, “Lord, who is it?”
26 Jesus replied, “It is he to whom I dip the piece of bread and give it
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
to him.” Then after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“dipping”) which is understood as temporal
dipping the piece of bread, he gave it
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation

Some manuscripts have “after dipping the piece of bread, he took  it and gave  it
to Judas son of Simon Iscariot.
27 And after the piece of bread, then Satan entered into him. Then Jesus said to him, “What you are doing, do quickly!” 28 (Now no one of those reclining at table knew for what reason he said this to him. 29 For some were thinking because Judas had the money box, Jesus was telling him, “Purchase ˻what we need˼
Literally “of which we have need”
for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.)
30 So after he
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had taken”) which is understood as temporal
had taken the piece of bread, he went out immediately. And it was night.

31 

Jesus Predicts Peter’s Denial

Then, when he had gone out, Jesus said, “Now the Son of Man is glorified, and God is glorified in him.
32 If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and will glorify him immediately. 33 Children, yet a little time I am with you. You will seek me and just as I said to the Jews, “Where I am going you cannot come,” now I say also to you.

34 “A new commandment I give to you: that you love one another—just as I have loved you, that you also love one another. 35 By this everyone will know that you are my disciples—if you have love for one another.”

36 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, where are you going?” Jesus replied,
Some manuscripts have “replied to him”
“Where I am going you cannot follow me now, but you will follow later.”
37 Peter said to him, “Lord, why am I not able to follow you now? I will lay down my life for you!” 38 Jesus replied, “Will you lay down your life for me? Truly, truly I say to you, the rooster will not crow until you have denied me three times!

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