Luke 21

A Poor Widow’s Offering

And he looked up and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“looked up”) has been translated as a finite verb
saw the rich putting their gifts into the contribution box,
and he saw a certain poor widow putting in there two small copper coins.
This coin was the lepton, worth 1/128 of a denarius
And he said, “Truly I say to you that this poor widow put in more than all of them. For these all put gifts
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
into the offering out of their abundance, but this woman out of her poverty put in all the means of subsistence that she had.”

The Destruction of the Temple Predicted

And while
Here “ while” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“were speaking”)
some were speaking about the temple, that it was adorned with precious stones and votive offerings, he said,
As for these things that you see—days will come in which not one stone will be left on another stone that will not be thrown down!”

Signs of the End of the Age

And they asked him, saying, “Teacher, when therefore will these things happen, and what will be the sign when these things are about to take place?”
And he said, Watch out that you are not deceived! For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am he,’ and ‘The time is near!’ Do not go after them! And when you hear about wars and insurrections, do not be terrified, for these things must happen first, but the end will not be at once.” 10 Then he said to them, “nation will rise up against nation and kingdom against kingdom. 11 There will be great earthquakes and famines and plagues in various places. There will be terrible sights and great signs from heaven.

12 

Persecution of Disciples Predicted

“But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
handing you
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
over to the synagogues and prisons. You will be brought before
Here the participle (“be brought before”) is translated as a finite verb because of English style
kings and governors because of my name.
13 This will turn out to you for a time of witness. 14 ˻Therefore make up your minds˼
Literally “therefore place in your hearts”
not to prepare in advance to speak in your own defense,
15 for I will give you a mouth and wisdom that all your opponents will not be able to resist or contradict. 16 And you will be handed over even by parents and brothers and relatives and friends, and they will put to death some of you. 17 And you will be hated by all because of my name. 18 Even a hair of your head will never perish! 19 By your patient endurance you will gain your lives.

20 

The Desolation of Jerusalem

“But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation has come near.
21 Then those in Judea must flee to the mountains, and those ˻inside it˼
Literally “in the midst of it”
must depart, and those in the fields must not enter into it,
22 because these are days of vengeance, so that all the things that are written can be fulfilled. 23 Woe to those ˻who are pregnant˼
Literally “who have in the womb”
and to those who are nursing their babies
The words “ their babies” are not in the Greek text but are supplied as a necessary clarification
in those days! For there will be great distress on the earth and wrath against this people,
24 and they will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations,
The same Greek word, occurring three times in this verse, can be translated “nations” or “Gentiles” depending on the context
and Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.

25 

The Arrival of the Son of Man

“And there will be signs in the sun and moon and stars, and on the earth distress of nations in perplexity from the noise of the sea and its surging,
26 people fainting from fear and expectation of what is coming on the inhabited earth, for the powers of the heavens will be shaken.
An allusion to Isa 34:4
27 And then they will see the Son of Man arriving in a cloud
An allusion to Dan 7:13
with power and great glory.
28 But when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“begin”)
these things begin to happen, stand up straight and raise your heads, because your redemption is drawing near!”

29 

The Parable of the Fig Tree

And he told them a parable: “Look at the fig tree and all the trees.
30 When they put out foliage,
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
now you see for yourselves and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“see”) has been translated as a finite verb
know that by this time the summer is near.
31 So also you, when you see these things happening, know
Or “you know”
that the kingdom of God is near.
32 Truly I say to you that this generation will never pass away until all things take place! 33 Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never pass away.

34 

Be Alert

“But take care for yourselves, lest your hearts are weighed down with dissipation and drunkenness and the worries of daily life, and that day come upon you suddenly
35 like a trap. For it will come upon all who reside on the face of the whole earth. 36 But be alert at all times, praying that you may have strength to escape all these things that are going to happen, and to stand before the Son of Man.”

37 So throughout the days he was teaching in the temple courts
Here “ courts” is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
and throughout the nights he was going out and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“was going out”) has been translated as a finite verb
spending the night on the hill that is called the Mount of Olives.
38 And all the people were getting up very early in the morning to come
The words “ to come” are not in the Greek text but are implied
to him in the temple courts
Here “ courts” is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself
to listen to him.

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