Mark 16

Jesus Is Raised

And when
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was over”)
the Sabbath was over, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James, and Salome purchased fragrant spices so that they could go and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“go”) has been translated as a finite verb
anoint him.
And very early in the morning on the first day of the week they came to the tomb after
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“had risen”)
the sun had risen.
And they were saying to one another, “Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb?” And when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“looked up”) which is understood as temporal
looked up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away (for it was very large).
And as they
Here “ as” is supplied as a component of the participle (“going”) which is understood as temporal
were going into the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and they were alarmed.
But he said to them, “Do not be alarmed. You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene who was crucified. He has been raised, he is not here! See the place where they laid him! But go, tell his disciples and Peter that he is going ahead of you to Galilee. You will see him there, just as he told you.” And they went out and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“went out”) has been translated as a finite verb
fled from the tomb, because trembling and amazement had seized them. And they said nothing to anyone, because they were afraid.
The Gospel of Mark ends at this point in some manuscripts, including two of the most important ones, while other manuscripts supply a shorter ending (sometimes included as part of v. 8), others supply the traditional longer ending (vv. 9–20), and still other manuscripts supply both the shorter ending and vv. 9–20; due to significant questions about the authenticity of these alternative endings, many scholars regard 16:8 as the last verse of the Gospel of Mark


The Shorter Ending of Mark

〚So they promptly reported all the things they had been commanded to those around Peter. And after these things, Jesus himself also sent out through them from the east even as far as the west the holy and imperishable proclamation of eternal salvation. Amen.〛

The Longer Ending of Mark

Now early on the first day of the week, after he
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“rose”) which is understood as temporal
rose, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had expelled seven demons.
10 She went out and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“went out”) has been translated as a finite verb
announced it
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
to those who were with him while they
Here “ while” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were”) which is understood as temporal
were mourning and weeping.
11 And those, when they
Here “ when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as temporal
heard that he was alive and had been seen by her, refused to believe it.
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
12 And after these things, he appeared in a different form to two of them as they
Here “ as” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were walking”) which is understood as temporal
were walking, while they
Here “ while” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were going out”) which is understood as temporal
were going out into the countryside.
13 And these went and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“went”) has been translated as a finite verb
reported it
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
to the others, and they did not believe them.
14 And later, while
Here “ while” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were reclining at table”) which is understood as temporal
they were reclining at table, he appeared to the eleven. And he reprimanded their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they did not believe those who had seen him after he
Here “ after” is supplied as a component of the participle (“had been raised”) which is understood as temporal
had been raised.
15 And he said to them, “Go
As a participle of attendant circumstance this participle carries imperatival force picked up from the main verb (“preach”)
into all the world and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“go”) has been translated as a finite verb
preach the gospel to all creation.
16 The one who believes and is baptized will be saved, but the one who refuses to believe will be condemned. 17 And these signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will expel demons, they will speak in new tongues, 18 they will pick up
Some manuscripts have “and they will pick up”
snakes.
Some manuscripts add “with their hands”
And if they drink any deadly poison it will never hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick and ˻they will get˼
Literally “they will have”
well.”

19 Then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. 20 And they went out and
Here “ and” is supplied because the previous participle (“went out”) has been translated as a finite verb
proclaimed everywhere, while
Here “ while” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“was working together with”)
the Lord was working together with them
Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
and confirming the message through the accompanying signs.〛

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