Matthew 5

Jesus, seeing so great a confluence, repaired to a mountain, and having sat down, his disciples came to him. Then breaking silence, he taught them, saying:

Happy the poor who repine not; for the kingdom of heaven is theirs! Happy they who mourn; for they shall receive consolation! Happy the meek; for they shall inherit the land! Happy they who hunger and thirst for righteousness; for they shall be satisfied! Happy the merciful; for they shall obtain mercy! Happy the pure in heart; for they shall see God! Happy the peace-makers; for they shall be called sons of God! 10 Happy they who suffer persecution on account of righteousness; for the kingdom of heaven is theirs! 11 Happy shall you be, when men shall revile and persecute you; and, on my account, accuse you falsely of every evil thing! 12 Rejoice and exult, for great is your reward in heaven; for thus the Prophets were persecuted, who were before you.

13 You are the salt of the earth. If the salt become insipid, how shall its saltness be restored? It is thenceforth fit only to be cast out, and trod under foot. 14 You are the light of the world. A city situate on a mountain must be conspicuous. 15 A lamp is lighted to be put, not under a vessel, but on a stand, that it may shine to all the family. 16 Thus, let your light shine before men, that they, seeing your good actions, may glorify your Father, who is in heaven.

17 Think not that I am come to subvert the law or the prophets. I am come not to subvert, but to ratify. 18 For, indeed, I say to you, heaven and earth shall sooner perish, than one iota, or on tittle of the law shall perish, without attaining its end. 19 Whosoever, therefore, shall violate, or teach others to violate, were it the least of these commandments, shall be in no esteem in the Reign of Heaven; but whosoever shall practice and teach them, shall be highly esteemed in the Reign of Heaven. 20 For I tell you, that unless your righteousness excel the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, you shall never enter the kingdom of heaven.

21 You have heard that it was said to the ancients, "You shall not commit murder; for whosoever commits murder shall be obnoxious to the judges." 22 But I say to you, whosoever is angry with his brother unjustly, shall be obnoxious to the judges; whosoever shall call him fool, shall be obnoxious to the council; but whosoever shall call him miscreant, shall be obnoxious to hell fire. 23 Therefore, if you bring your gift to the altar, and there recollect, that your brother has ground to complain of you; 24 leave there your gift before the altar: first go and procure reconciliation with your brother; then come, and offer your gift. 25 Compound speedily with your creditor, while you are on the road together; lest he deliver you to the judge; and the judge consign you to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. 26 Indeed, I say to you, you will not be released, until you have discharged the last farthing.

27 You have heard that it was said, "You shall not commit adultery." 28 But I say to you, whoever looks on another man's wife, in order to cherish impure desire, has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 Therefore, if your right eye ensnare you, pluck it out, and throw it away: it is better for you to lose one of your members, than that your whole body be cast into hell. 30 And if your right hand ensnare you, cut it off and throw it away: it is better for you to lose one of your members, than that your whole body be cast into hell. 31 It has been said, "Whosoever would dismiss his wife, let him give her a writ of divorce." 32 But I say to you, whosoever shall dismiss his wife, except for whoredom, is the occasion of her becoming an adulteress; and whosoever marries her that is dismissed, commits adultery.

33 Again, you have heard that it was said to the ancients, "You shall not forswear yourself, but shall perform your oaths to the Lord." 34 But I say to you, swear not at all; neither by heaven, for it is God's throne; 35 nor by the earth, for it is his footstool; neither shall you swear by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King; 36 not by your head, because you can not make one hair white or black. 37 But let your yes, be Yes; your no, No; for whatever exceeds these, proceeds from evil.

38 You have heard that it was said, "Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth." 39 But I say to you, contend not with the injurious. But if any one strike you on the right cheek, turn to him also the left. 40 Whoever will sue you for your coat, let him have your mantle likewise. 41 And if a man constrain you to go one mile with him, go two. 42 Give to him that asks you; and him that would borrow from you, put not away.

43 You have heard that it was said, "You shall love your neighbor and hate your enemy." 44 But I say to you, love your enemies; bless them who curse you; do good to them who hate you; and pray for them who arraign and persecute you; 45 that you may be children of your Father in heaven, who makes his sun arise on bad and good, and sends rain on just and unjust. 46 For if you love them only who love you, what reward can you expect? Do not even the publicans so? 47 And if you salute your brothers only, wherein do you excel? Do not even the Pagans as much? 48 Be you therefore perfect, as your father who is in heaven is perfect.

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