1 Kings 1** The history now before us accounts for the affairs of thekingdoms of Judah and Israel, yet with special regard to thekingdom of God among them; for it is a sacred history. It isearlier as to time, teaches much more, and is more interestingthan any common histories. * David's declining age. (1-4) Adonijah aspires to the throne.(5-10) David makes Solomon king. (11-31) Solomon is anointedking, and Adonijah's usurpation stopped. (32-53)1-4 We have David sinking under infirmities. He was chastisedfor his recent sins, and felt the effects of his former toilsand hardships. 5-10 Indulgent parents are often chastised with disobedientchildren, who are anxious to possess their estates. No worldlywisdom, nor experience, nor sacredness of character, can insurethe continuance in any former course of those who remain underthe power of self-love. But we may well wonder by what arts Joaband Abiathar could be drawn aside. 11-31 Observe Nathan's address to Bathsheba. Let me give theecounsel how to save thy own life, and the life of thy son. Suchas this is the counsel Christ's ministers give us in his name,to give all diligence, not only that no man take our crown, #Re3:11|, but that we save our lives, even the lives of our souls.David made a solemn declaration of his firm cleaving to hisformer resolution, that Solomon should be his successor. Eventhe recollection of the distresses from which the Lord redeemedhim, increased his comfort, inspired his hopes, and animated himto his duty, under the decays of nature and the approach ofdeath. 32-53 The people expressed great joy and satisfaction in theelevation of Solomon. Every true Israelite rejoices in theexaltation of the Son of David. Combinations formed upon evilprinciples will soon be dissolved, when self-interest callsanother way. How can those who do evil deeds expect to have goodtidings? Adonijah had despised Solomon, but soon dreaded him. Wesee here, as in a glass, Jesus, the Son of David and the Son ofGod, exalted to the throne of glory, notwithstanding all hisenemies. His kingdom is far greater than that of his fatherDavid, and therein all the true people of God cordially rejoice.The prosperity of his cause is vexation and terror to hisenemies. No horns of the altar, nor forms of godliness, norpretences to religion, can profit those who will not submit toHis authority, and accept of his salvation; and if theirsubmission be hypocritical, they shall perish without remedy.
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