1 Kings 2* David's dying charge to Solomon. (1-4) David's charge as toJoab and others. (5-11) Solomon reigns, Adonijah aspiring to thethrone is put to death. (12-25) Abiathar banished, Joab put todeath. (26-34) Shimei is put to death. (35-46)1-4 David's charge to Solomon is, to keep the charge of theLord. The authority of a dying father is much, but nothing tothat of a living God. God promised David that the Messiah shouldcome from his descendants, and that promise was absolute; butthe promise, that there should not fail of them a man on thethrone of Israel, was conditional; if he walks before God insincerity, with zeal and resolution: in order hereunto, he musttake heed to his way. 5-11 These dying counsels concerning Joab and Shimei, did notcome from personal anger, but for the security of Solomon'sthrone, which was the murders he had committed, but wouldreadily repeat them to carry any purpose; though long reprieved,he shall be reckoned with at last. Time does not wear out theguilt of any sin, particularly of murder. Concerning Shimei,Hold him not guiltless; do not think him any true friend tothee, or thy government, or fit to be trusted; he has no lessmalice now than he had then. David's dying sentiments arerecorded, as delivered under the influence of the Holy Ghost,#2Sa 23:1-7|. The Lord discovered to him the offices and thesalvation of that glorious personage, the Messiah, whose cominghe then foretold, and from whom he derived all his comforts andexpectations. That passage gives a decided proof that David diedunder the influence of the Holy Ghost, in the exercise of faithand hope. 12-25 Solomon received Bathsheba with all the respect that wasowing to a mother; but let none be asked for that which theyought not to grant. It ill becomes a good man to prefer a badrequest, or to appear in a bad cause. According to easterncustoms it was plain that Adonijah sought to be king, by hisasking for Abishag as his wife, and Solomon could not be safewhile he lived. Ambitious, turbulent spirits commonly preparedeath for themselves. Many a head has been lost by catching at acrown. 26-34 Solomon's words to Abiathar, and his silence, imply thatsome recent conspiracies had been entered into. Those that showkindness to God's people shall have it remembered to theiradvantage. For this reason Solomon spares Abiathar's life, butdismisses him from his offices. In case of such sins as theblood of beasts would atone for, the altar was a refuge, but notin Joab's case. Solomon looks upward to God as the Author ofpeace, and forward to eternity as the perfection of it. The Lordof peace himself gives us that peace which is everlasting. 35-46 The old malignity remains in the unconverted heart, and awatchful eye should be kept on those who, like Shimei, havemanifested their enmity, but have given no evidence ofrepentance. No engagements or dangers will restrain worldly men;they go on, though they forfeit their lives and souls. Let usremember, God will not accommodate his judgment to us. His eyeis over us; and let us strive to walk as in his presence. Letour every act, word, and thought, be governed by this greattruth, that the hour is quickly coming when the smallestcircumstances of our lives shall be brought to light, and oureternal state be fixed by a righteous and unerring God. ThusSolomon's throne was established in peace, as the type of theRedeemer's kingdom of peace and righteousness. And it is acomfort, in reference to the enmity of the church's enemies,that, how much soever they rage, it is a vain thing theyimagine. Christ's throne is established, and they cannot shakeit.
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