1 Samuel 1** In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness ofhis sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Then of theadvancement of Saul to be the king of Israel, and his illbehaviour, until his death made way for David's succession tothe throne, who was an eminent type of Christ. David's patience,modesty, constancy, persecution by open enemies and feignedfriends, are a pattern and example to the church, and to everymember of it. Many things in this book encourage the faith,hope, and patience of the suffering believer. It contains alsomany useful cautions and awful warnings. * Elkanah and his family. (1-8) Hannah's prayer. (9-18) Samuel,Hannah presents him to the Lord. (19-28)1-8 Elkanah kept up his attendance at God's altar,notwithstanding the unhappy differences in his family. If thedevotions of a family prevail not to put an end to itsdivisions, yet let not the divisions put a stop to thedevotions. To abate our just love to any relation for the sakeof any infirmity which they cannot help, and which is theiraffliction, is to make God's providence quarrel with hisprecept, and very unkindly to add affliction to the afflicted.It is evidence of a base disposition, to delight in grievingthose who are of a sorrowful spirit, and in putting those out ofhumour who are apt to fret and be uneasy. We ought to bear oneanother's burdens, not add to them. Hannah could not bear theprovocation. Those who are of a fretful spirit, and are apt tolay provocations too much to heart, are enemies to themselves,and strip themselves of many comforts both of life andgodliness. We ought to notice comforts, to keep us from grievingfor crosses. We should look at that which is for us, as well aswhat is against us. 9-18 Hannah mingled tears with her prayers; she considered themercy of our God, who knows the troubled soul. God gives usleave, in prayer, not only to ask good things in general, but tomention that special good thing we most need and desire. Shespoke softly, none could hear her. Hereby she testified herbelief of God's knowledge of the heart and its desires. Eli washigh priest, and judge in Israel. It ill becomes us to be rashand hasty in censures of others, and to think people guilty ofbad things while the matter is doubtful and unproved. Hannah didnot retort the charge, and upbraid Eli with the wicked conductof his own sons. When we are at any time unjustly censured, wehave need to set a double watch before the door of our lips,that we do not return censure for censure. Hannah thought itenough to clear herself, and so must we. Eli was willing toacknowledge his mistake. Hannah went away with satisfaction ofmind. She had herself by prayer committed her case to God, andEli had prayed for her. Prayer is heart's ease to a gracioussoul. Prayer will smooth the countenance; it should do so. Nonewill long remain miserable, who use aright the privilege ofgoing to the mercy-seat of a reconciled God in Christ Jesus. 19-28 Elkanah and his family had a journey before them, and afamily of children to take with them, yet they would not movetill they had worshipped God together. Prayer and provender donot hinder a journey. When men are in such haste to set out uponjourneys, or to engage in business, that they have not time toworship God, they are likely to proceed without his presence andblessing. Hannah, though she felt a warm regard for the courtsof God's house, begged to stay at home. God will have mercy, andnot sacrifice. Those who are detained from public ordinances, bythe nursing and tending of little children, may take comfortfrom this instance, and believe, that if they do that duty in aright spirit, God will graciously accept them therein. Hannahpresented her child to the Lord with a grateful acknowledgmentof his goodness in answer to prayer. Whatever we give to God, itis what we have first asked and received from him. All our giftsto him were first his gifts to us. The child Samuel early showedtrue piety. Little children should be taught to worship God whenvery young. Their parents should teach them in it, bring them toit, and put them on doing it as well as they can; God willgraciously accept them, and will teach them to do better.
Copyright information for MHCC
Welcome to STEP Bible
From Tyndale House, Cambridge UK
Use the search box to find Bibles, commentaries, passages, search terms, etc. Here are some examples:
This shows how to quickly lookup a passage.
Looking up a passage in three different translations is also easy.
This asks STEP to search for the Greek word for 'brother' and show the results in the ESV.
This example runs both a 'Hebrew word search' and a 'Text' search and shows the results in both the NIV and ESV.
You can mix most searches. This finds any word translated as 'throne' in the Prophets and the New Testament, but only in verses concerning the topic 'David'. This excludes verses which refer to a 'throne' in other contexts.
Interlinear Hebrew & Greek is available for some translations with grammar (and more soon). To reverse the interlinear order, click on a version abbreviation under the verse number.
© Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK - 2018