1 Samuel 23* David rescues Keilah. (1-6) God warns him to escape fromKeilah. (7-13) Jonathan comforts David. (14-18) He is rescuedfrom Saul by an invasion of the Philistines. (19-29)1-6 When princes persecute God's people, let them expectvexation on all sides. The way for any country to be quiet, isto let God's church be quiet in it: if Saul fight against David,the Philistines fight against his country. David consideredhimself the protector of the land. Thus did the Saviour Jesus,and left us an example. Those are unlike David, who sullenlydecline to do good, if they are not rewarded for services. 7-13 Well might David complain of his enemies, that theyrewarded him evil for good, and that for his love they were hisadversaries. Christ was used thus basely. David applied to hisgreat Protector for direction. No sooner was the ephod broughthim than he made use of it. We have the Scriptures in our hands,let us take advice from them in doubtful cases. Say, Bringhither the Bible. David's address to God is very solemn, alsovery particular. God allows us to be so in our addresses to him;Lord, direct me in this matter, about which I am now at a loss.God knows not only what will be, but what would be, if it werenot hindered; therefore he knows how to deliver the godly out oftemptation, and how to render to every man according to hisworks. 14-18 David made no attempt against Saul; he kept God's way,waited God's time, and was content to secure himself in woodsand wildernesses. Let it make us think the worse of this world,which often gives such bad treatment to its best men: let itmake us long for that kingdom where goodness shall for ever bein glory, and holiness in honour. We find Jonathan comfortingDavid. As a pious friend, he directed him to God, the Foundationof his comfort. As a self-denying friend, he takes pleasure inthe prospect of David's advancement to the throne. As a constantfriend, he renewed his friendship with him. Our covenant withGod should be often renewed, and therein our communion with himkept up. If the converse of one friend, at one meeting, givescomfort and strengthens our hearts, what may not be expectedfrom the continual supports and powerful love of the Saviour ofsinners, the covenanted Friend of believers! 19-29 In the midst of his wickedness, Saul affected to speakthe language of piety. Such expressions, without suitableeffects, can only amuse or deceive those who hear, and those whouse them. This mountain was an emblem of the Divine Providencecoming between David and the destroyer. Let us not be dismayedat the prospect of future difficulties, but stay ourselves uponHim who is wonderful in counsel and excellent in working. Soonerthan his promise shall fail, he will commission Philistines toeffect our escape, at the very moment when our case appears mostdesperate. God requires entire dependence on him, If ye will notbelieve, surely ye shall not be established, #Isa 7:9|.
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