1 Samuel 24* David spares Saul's life. (1-7) David shows his innocence.(8-15) Saul acknowledges his fault. (16-22)1-7 God delivered Saul into David's hand. It was an opportunitygiven to David to exercise faith and patience. He had a promiseof the kingdom, but no command to slay the king. He reasonsstrongly, both with himself and with his men, against doing Saulany hurt. Sin is a thing which it becomes us to startle at, andto resist temptations thereto. He not only would not do this badthing himself, but he would not suffer those about him to do it.Thus he rendered good for evil, to him from whom he receivedevil for good; and was herein an example to all who are calledChristians, not to be overcome of evil, but to overcome evilwith good. 8-15 David was falsely charged with seeking Saul's hurt; heshows Saul that God's providence had given him opportunity to doit. And it was upon a good principle that he refused to do it.He declares his fixed resolution never to be his own avenger. Ifmen wrong us, God will right us, at farthest, in the judgment ofthe great day. 16-22 Saul speaks as quite overcome with David's kindness. Manymourn for their sins, who do not truly repent of them; weepbitterly for them, yet continue in love and in league with them.Now God made good to David that word on which he had caused himto hope, that he would bring forth his righteousness as thelight, #Ps 37:6|. Those who take care to keep a good conscience,may leave it to God to secure them the credit of it. Sooner orlater, God will force even those who are of the synagogue ofSatan to know and to own those whom he has loved. They parted inpeace. Saul went home convinced, but not converted; ashamed ofhis envy to David, yet retaining in his breast that root ofbitterness; vexed that when at last he had found David, he couldnot find in his heart to destroy him, as he had designed. Maliceoften seems dead when it is only asleep, and will revive withdouble force. Yet, whether the Lord bind men's hands, or affecttheir hearts, so that they do not hurt us, the deliverance isequally from him; it is an evidence of his love, and an earnestof our salvation, and should make us thankful.
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