1 Samuel 30* Ziklag spoiled by the Amalekites. (1-6) David overtakes theAmalekites. (7-15) He recovers what had been lost. (16-20)David's distribution of the spoil. (21-31)1-6 When we go abroad in the way of our duty, we maycomfortably hope that God will take care of our families in ourabsence, but not otherwise. If, when we come off a journey, wefind our abode in peace, and not laid waste, as David here foundhis, let the Lord be praised for it. David's men murmuredagainst him. Great faith must expect such severe trials. But,observe, that David was brought thus low, only just before hewas raised to the throne. When things are at the worst with thechurch and people of God, then they begin to mend. Davidencouraged himself in the Lord his God. His men fretted at theirloss, the soul of the people was bitter; their own discontentand impatience added to the affliction and misery. But Davidbore it better, though he had more reason than any of them tolament it. They gave liberty to their passions, but he set hisgraces to work; and while they dispirited each other, he, byencouraging himself in God, kept his spirit calm. Those who havetaken the Lord for their God, may take encouragement from him inthe worst times. 7-15 If in all our ways, even when, as in this case, there canbe no doubt they are just, we acknowledge God, we may expectthat he will direct our steps, as he did those of David. David,in tenderness to his men, would by no means urge them beyondtheir strength. The Son of David thus considers the frames ofhis followers, who are not all alike strong and vigorous intheir spiritual pursuits and conflicts; but, where we are weak,there he is kind; nay more, there he is strong, #2Co 12:9,10|. Apoor Egyptian lad, scarcely alive, is made the means of a greatdeal of good to David. Justly did Providence make this poorservant, who was basely used by his master, an instrument in thedestruction of the Amalekites; for God hears the cry of theoppressed. Those are unworthy the name of true Israelites, whoshut up their compassion from persons in distress. We shouldneither do an injury nor deny a kindness to any man; some timeor other it may be in the power of the lowest to return akindness or an injury. 16-20 Sinners are nearest to ruin, when they cry, Peace andsafety, and put the evil day far from them. Nor does any thinggive our spiritual enemies more advantage than sensuality andindulgence. Eating and drinking, and dancing, have been the softand pleasant way in which many have gone down to thecongregation of the dead. The spoil was recovered, and broughtoff; nothing was lost, but a great deal gained. 21-31 What God gives us, he designs we should do good with. Indistributing the spoil, David was just and kind. Those are menof Belial indeed, who delight in putting hardships upon theirbrethren, and care not who is starved, so that they may be fedto the full. David was generous and kind to all his friends.Those who consider the Lord as the Giver of their abundance,will dispose of it with fairness and liberality.
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