Esther 1** We find in this book, that even those Jews who were scatteredin the province of the heathen, were taken care of, and werewonderfully preserved, when threatened with destruction. Thoughthe name of God be not in this book, the finger of God is shownby minute events for the bringing about his people'sdeliverance. This history comes in between #Ezr 6; 7|.* The royal feast of Ahasuerus. (1-9) Vashti's refusal toappear, The king's decree. (10-22)1-9 The pride of Ahasuerus's heart rising with the grandeur ofhis kingdom, he made an extravagant feast. This was vain glory.Better is a dinner of herbs with quietness, than this banquet ofwine, with all the noise and tumult that must have attended it.But except grace prevails in the heart, self-exaltation andself-indulgence, in one form or another, will be the rulingprinciple. Yet none did compel; so that if any drank to excess,it was their own fault. This caution of a heathen prince, evenwhen he would show his generosity, may shame many calledChristians, who, under pretence of sending the health round,send sin round, and death with it. There is a woe to them thatdo so; let them read it, and tremble, #Hab 2:15,16|. 10-22 Ahasuerus's feast ended in heaviness, by his own folly.Seasons of peculiar festivity often end in vexation. Superiorsshould be careful not to command what may reasonably bedisobeyed. But when wine is in, men's reason departs from them.He that had rule over 127 provinces, had no rule over his ownspirit. But whether the passion or the policy of the king wasserved by this decree, God's providence made way for Esther tothe crown, and defeated Haman's wicked project, even before ithad entered into his heart, and he arrived at his power. Let usrejoice that the Lord reigns, and will overrule the madness orfolly of mankind to promote his own glory, and the safety andhappiness of his people
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