Exodus 30* The altar of incense. (1-10) The ransom of souls. (11-16) Thebrazen laver. (17-21) The holy anointing oil, The perfume.(22-38)1-10 The altar of incense represented the Son of God in hishuman nature, and the incense burned thereon typified hispleading for his people. The continual intercession of Christwas represented by the daily burning of incense thereon, morningand evening. Once every year the blood of the atonement was tobe applied to it, denoting that the intercession of Christ hasall its virtue from his sufferings on earth, and that we need noother sacrifice or intercessor but Christ alone. 11-16 The tribute was half a shekel, about fifteen pence of ourmoney. The rich were not to give more, nor the poor less; thesouls of the rich and poor are alike precious, and God is norespecter of persons, #Ac 10:34; Job 34:19|. In other offeringsmen were to give according to their wordly ability; but this,which was the ransom of the soul, must be alike for all. Thesouls of all are of equal value, equally in danger, and allequally need a ransom. The money raised was to be used in theservice of the tabernacle. Those who have the benefit, must notgrudge the necessary charges of God's public worship. Moneycannot make atonement for the soul, but it may be used for thehonour of Him who has made the atonement, and for themaintenance of the gospel by which the atonement is applied. 17-21 A large vessel of brass, holding water, was to be setnear the door of the tabernacle. Aaron and his sons must washtheir hands and feet at this laver, every time they went in tominister. This was to teach them purity in all their services,and to dread the pollution of sin. They must not only wash andbe made clean, when first made priests, but must wash and bekept clean, whenever they went to minister. It teaches us dailyto attend upon God, daily to renew our repentance for sin, andour looking to the blood of Christ for remission; for in manythings we daily offend. 22-38 Directions are here given for making the holy anointingoil, and the incense to be used in the service of thetabernacle. To show the excellency of holiness, there was thisspiced oil in the tabernacle, which was grateful to the sightand to the smell. Christ's name is as ointment poured forth, #So1:3|, and the good name of Christians is like precious ointment,#Ec 7:1|. The incense burned upon the golden altar was preparedof sweet spices. When it was used, it was to be beaten verysmall; thus it pleased the Lord to bruise the Redeemer, when heoffered himself for a sacrifice of a sweet-smelling savour. Thelike should not be made for any common use. Thus God would keepin the people's minds reverence for his own services, and teachus not to profane or abuse any thing whereby God makes himselfknown. It is a great affront to God to jest with sacred things,and to make sport with his word and ordinances. It is mostdangerous and fatal to use professions of the gospel of Christto forward wordly interests.
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