Exodus 7

* Moses and Aaron encouraged. (1-7) The rods turned into

serpents, Pharaoh's heart is hardened. (8-13) The river is

turned into blood, The distress of the Egyptians. (14-25)

1-7 God glorifies himself. He makes people know that he is

Jehovah. Israel is made to know it by the performance of his

promises to them, and the Egyptians by the pouring out of his

wrath upon them. Moses, as the ambassador of Jehovah, speaking

in his name, laid commands upon Pharaoh, denounced threatenings

against him, and called for judgments upon him. Pharaoh, proud

and great as he was, could not resist. Moses stood not in awe of

Pharaoh, but made him tremble. This seems to be meant in the

words, Thou shalt be a god unto Pharaoh. At length Moses is

delivered from his fears. He makes no more objections, but,

being strengthened in faith, goes about his work with courage,

and proceeds in it with perseverance.
8-13 What men dislike, because it opposes their pride and

lusts, they will not be convinced of; but it is easy to cause

them to believe things they wish to be true. God always sends

with his word full proofs of its Divine authority; but when men

are bent to disobey, and willing to object, he often permits a

snare to be laid wherein they are entangled. The magicians were

cheats, trying to copy the real miracles of Moses by secret

sleights or jugglings, which to a small extent they succeeded in

doing, so as to deceive the bystanders, but they were at length

obliged to confess they could not any longer imitate the effects

of Divine power. None assist more in the destruction of sinners,

than such as resist the truth by amusing men with a counterfeit

resemblance of it. Satan is most to be dreaded when transformed

into an angel of light.
14-25 Here is the first of the ten plagues, the turning of the

water into blood. It was a dreadful plague. The sight of such

vast rolling streams of blood could not but strike horror.

Nothing is more common than water: so wisely has Providence

ordered it, and so kindly, that what is so needful and

serviceable to the comfort of human life, should be cheap and

almost every where to be had; but now the Egyptians must either

drink blood, or die for thirst. Egypt was a pleasant land, but

the dead fish and blood now rendered it very unpleasant. It was

a righteous plague, and justly sent upon the Egyptians; for

Nile, the river of Egypt, was their idol. That creature which we

idolize, God justly takes from us, or makes bitter to us. They

had stained the river with the blood of the Hebrews' children,

and now God made that river all blood. Never any thirsted after

blood, but sooner or later they had enough of it. It was a

significant plague; Egypt had great dependence upon their river,

#Zec 14:18|; so that in smiting the river, they were warned of

the destruction of all the produce of their country. The love of

Christ to his disciples changes all their common mercies into

spiritual blessings; the anger of God towards his enemies,

renders their most valued advantages a curse and a misery to

them. Aaron is to summon the plague by smiting the river with

his rod. It was done in the sight of Pharaoh and his attendants,

for God's true miracles were not performed as Satan's lying

wonders; truth seeks no corners. See the almighty power of God.

Every creature is that to us which he makes it to be water or

blood. See what changes we may meet with in the things of this

world; what is always vain, may soon become vexatious. See what

mischievous work sin makes. If the things that have been our

comforts prove our crosses, we must thank ourselves. It is sin

that turns our waters into blood. The plague continued seven

days; and in all that time Pharaoh's proud heart would not let

him desire Moses to pray for the removal of it. Thus the

hypocrites in heart heap up wrath. No wonder that God's anger is

not turned away, but that his hand is stretched out still.
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