Genesis 22* God commands Abraham to offer up Isaac. (1,2) Abraham's faithand obedience to the Divine command. (3-10) Another sacrifice isprovided instead of Isaac. (11-14) The covenant with Abrahamrenewed. (15-19) The family of Nahor. (20-24)1,2 We never are secure from trials In Hebrew, to tempt, and totry, or to prove, are expressed by the same word. Every trial isindeed a temptation, and tends to show the dispositions of theheart, whether holy or unholy. But God proved Abraham, not todraw him to sin, as Satan tempts. Strong faith is oftenexercised with strong trials, and put upon hard services. Thecommand to offer up his son, is given in such language as makesthe trial more grievous; every word here is a sword. Observe, 1.The person to be offered: Take thy son; not thy bullocks and thylambs. How willingly would Abraham have parted with them all toredeem Isaac! Thy son; not thy servant. Thine only son; thineonly son by Sarah. Take Isaac, that son whom thou lovest. 2. Theplace: three days' journey off; so that Abraham might have timeto consider, and might deliberately obey. 3. The manner: Offerhim fro a burnt-offering; not only kill his son, his Isaac, butkill him as a sacrifice; kill him with all that solemn pomp andceremony, with which he used to offer his burnt-offerings. 3-10 Never was any gold tried in so hot a fire. Who but Abrahamwould not have argued with God? Such would have been the thoughtof a weak heart; but Abraham knew that he had to do with a God,even Jehovah. Faith had taught him not to argue, but to obey. Heis sure that what God commands is good; that what he promisescannot be broken. In matters of God, whoever consults with fleshand blood, will never offer up his Isaac to God. The goodpatriarch rises early, and begins his sad journey. And now hetravels three days, and Isaac still is in his sight! Misery ismade worse when long continued. The expression, We will comeagain to you, shows that Abraham expected that Isaac, beingraised from the dead, would return with him. It was a veryaffecting question that Isaac asked him, as they were goingtogether: "My father," said Isaac; it was a melting word, which,one would think, should strike deeper in the heart of Abraham,than his knife could in the heart of Isaac. Yet he waits for hisson's question. Then Abraham, where he meant not, prophesies:"My son, God will provide a lamb for a burnt-offering." The HolySpirit, by his mouth, seems to predict the Lamb of God, which hehas provided, and which taketh away the sin of the world.Abraham lays the wood in order for his Isaac's funeral pile, andnow tells him the amazing news: Isaac, thou art the lamb whichGod has provided! Abraham, no doubt, comforting him with thesame hopes with which he himself by faith was comforted. Yet itis necessary that the sacrifice be bound. The great Sacrifice,which, in the fulness of time, was to be offered up, must bebound, and so must Isaac. This being done, Abraham takes theknife, and stretches out his hand to give the fatal blow. Hereis an act of faith and obedience, which deserves to be aspectacle to God, angels, and men. God, by his providence, callsus to part with an Isaac sometimes, and we must do it withcheerful submission to his holy will, #1Sa 3:18|. 11-14 It was not God's intention that Isaac should actually besacrificed, yet nobler blood than that of animals, in due time,was to be shed for sin, even the blood of the only begotten Sonof God. But in the mean while God would not in any case havehuman sacrifices used. Another sacrifice is provided. Referencemust be had to the promised Messiah, the blessed Seed. Christwas sacrificed in our stead, as this ram instead of Isaac, andhis death was our discharge. And observe, that the temple, theplace of sacrifice, was afterwards built upon this same mountMoriah; and Calvary, where Christ was crucified, was near. A newname was given to that place, for the encouragement of allbelievers, to the end of the world, cheerfully to trust in God,and obey him. Jehovah-jireh, the Lord will provide; probablyalluding to what Abraham had said, God will provide himself alamb. The Lord will always have his eye upon his people, intheir straits and distresses, that he may give them seasonablehelp. 15-19 There are high declarations of God's favour to Abraham inthis confirmation of the covenant with him, exceeding any he hadyet been blessed with. Those that are willing to part with anything for God, shall have it made up to them with unspeakableadvantage. The promise, ver. #18|, doubtless points at theMessiah, and the grace of the gospel. Hereby we know theloving-kindness of God our Saviour towards sinful man, in thathe hath not withheld his Son, his only Son, from us. Hereby weperceive the love of Christ, in that he gave himself a sacrificefor our sins. Yet he lives, and calls to sinners to come to him,and partake of his blood-bought salvation. He calls to hisredeemed people to rejoice in him, and to glorify him. What thenshall we render for all his benefits? Let his love constrain usto live not to ourselves, but to Him who died for us, and roseagain. Admiring and adoring His grace, let us devote our all tohis service, who laid down his life for our salvation. Whateveris dearest to us upon earth is our Isaac. And the only way forus to find comfort in an earthly thing, is to give it by faithinto the hands of God. Yet remember that Abraham was notjustified by his readiness to obey, but by the infinitely morenoble obedience of Jesus Christ; his faith receiving this,relying on this, rejoicing in this, disposed and made him ablefor such wonderful self-denial and duty. 20-24 This chapter ends with some account of Nahor's family,who had settled at Haran. This seems to be given for theconnexion which it had with the church of God. From thence Isaacand Jacob took wives; and before the account of those eventsthis list is recorded. It shows that though Abraham saw his ownfamily highly honoured with privileges, admitted into covenant,and blessed with the assurance of the promise, yet he did notlook with disdain upon his relations, but was glad to hear ofthe increase and welfare of their families.
Copyright information for MHCC
Welcome to STEP Bible
From Tyndale House, Cambridge UK
Use the search box to find Bibles, commentaries, passages, search terms, etc. Here are some examples:
This shows how to quickly lookup a passage.
Looking up a passage in three different translations is also easy.
This asks STEP to search for the Greek word for 'brother' and show the results in the ESV.
© Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK - 2018