Hebrews 7* A comparison between the priesthood of Melchizedec and that ofChrist. (1-3) The excellence of Christ's priesthood above theLevitical priesthood is shown. (4-10) This is applied to Christ.(11-25) The faith and hope of the church encouraged from this.(26-28)1-3 Melchizedec met Abraham when returning from the rescue ofLot. His name, "King of Righteousness," doubtless suitable tohis character, marked him as a type of the Messiah and hiskingdom. The name of his city signified "Peace;" and as king ofpeace he typified Christ, the Prince of Peace, the greatReconciler of God and man. Nothing is recorded as to thebeginning or end of his life; thus he typically resembled theSon of God, whose existence is from everlasting to everlasting,who had no one that was before him, and will have no one comeafter him, in his priesthood. Every part of Scripture honoursthe great King of Righteousness and Peace, our glorious HighPriest and Saviour; and the more we examine it, the more weshall be convinced, that the testimony of Jesus is the spirit ofprophecy. 4-10 That High Priest who should afterward appear, of whomMelchizedec was a type, must be much superior to the Leviticalpriests. Observe Abraham's great dignity and happiness; that hehad the promises. That man is rich and happy indeed, who has thepromises, both of the life that now is, and of that which is tocome. This honour have all those who receive the Lord Jesus. Letus go forth in our spiritual conflicts, trusting in his word andstrength, ascribing our victories to his grace, and desiring tobe met and blessed by him in all our ways. 11-25 The priesthood and law by which perfection could notcome, are done away; a Priest is risen, and a dispensation nowset up, by which true believers may be made perfect. That thereis such a change is plain. The law which made the Leviticalpriesthood, showed that the priests were frail, dying creatures,not able to save their own lives, much less could they save thesouls of those who came to them. But the High Priest of ourprofession holds his office by the power of endless life inhimself; not only to keep himself alive, but to give spiritualand eternal life to all who rely upon his sacrifice andintercession. The better covenant, of which Jesus was theSurety, is not here contrasted with the covenant of works, bywhich every transgressor is shut up under the curse. It isdistinguished from the Sinai covenant with Israel, and the legaldispensation under which the church so long remained. The bettercovenant brought the church and every believer into clearerlight, more perfect liberty, and more abundant privileges. Inthe order of Aaron there was a multitude of priests, of highpriests one after another; but in the priesthood of Christ thereis only one and the same. This is the believer's safety andhappiness, that this everlasting High Priest is able to save tothe uttermost, in all times, in all cases. Surely then itbecomes us to desire a spirituality and holiness, as much beyondthose of the Old Testament believers, as our advantages exceedtheirs. 26-28 Observe the description of the personal holiness ofChrist. He is free from all habits or principles of sin, nothaving the least disposition to it in his nature. No sin dwellsin him, not the least sinful inclination, though such dwells inthe best of Christians. He is harmless, free from all actualtransgression; he did no violence, nor was there any deceit inhis mouth. He is undefiled. It is hard to keep ourselves pure,so as not to partake the guilt of other men's sins. But noneneed be dismayed who come to God in the name of his beloved Son.Let them be assured that he will deliver them in the time oftrial and suffering, in the time of prosperity, in the hour ofdeath, and in the day of judgment.
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