Hebrews 9* The Jewish tabernacle and its utensils. (1-5) Their use andmeaning. (6-10) These fulfilled in Christ. (11-22) Thenecessity, superior dignity, and power of his priesthood andsacrifice. (23-28)1-5 The apostle shows to the Hebrews the typical reference oftheir ceremonies to Christ. The tabernacle was a movable temple,shadowing forth the unsettled state of the church upon earth,and the human nature of the Lord Jesus Christ, in whom thefulness of the Godhead dwelt bodily. The typical meaning ofthese things has been shown in former remarks, and theordinances and articles of the Mosaic covenant point out Christas our Light, and as the Bread of life to our souls; and remindus of his Divine Person, his holy priesthood, perfectrighteousness, and all-prevailing intercession. Thus was theLord Jesus Christ, all and in all, from the beginning. And asinterpreted by the gospel, these things are a gloriousrepresentation of the wisdom of God, and confirm faith in Himwho was prefigured by them. 6-10 The apostle goes on to speak of the Old Testamentservices. Christ, having undertaken to be our High Priest, couldnot enter into heaven till he had shed his blood for us; andnone of us can enter, either into God's gracious presence here,or his glorious presence hereafter, but by the blood of Jesus.Sins are errors, great errors, both in judgment and practice;and who can understand all his errors? They leave guilt upon theconscience, not to be washed away but by the blood of Christ. Wemust plead this blood on earth, while he is pleading it for usin heaven. A few believers, under the Divine teaching, sawsomething of the way of access to God, of communion with him,and of admission into heaven through the promised Redeemer, butthe Israelites in general looked no further than the outwardforms. These could not take away the defilement or dominion ofsin. They could neither discharge the debts, nor resolve thedoubts, of him who did the service. Gospel times are, and shouldbe, times of reformation, of clearer light as to all thingsneedful to be known, and of greater love, causing us to bearill-will to none, but good-will to all. We have greater freedom,both of spirit and speech, in the gospel, and greaterobligations to a more holy living. 11-14 All good things past, present, and to come, were and arefounded upon the priestly office of Christ, and come to us fromthence. Our High Priest entered into heaven once for all, andhas obtained eternal redemption. The Holy Ghost furthersignified and showed that the Old Testament sacrifices onlyfreed the outward man from ceremonial uncleanness, and fittedhim for some outward privileges. What gave such power to theblood of Christ? It was Christ's offering himself without anysinful stain in his nature or life. This cleanses the mostguilty conscience from dead, or deadly, works to serve theliving God; from sinful works, such as pollute the soul, as deadbodies did the persons of the Jews who touched them; while thegrace that seals pardon, new-creates the polluted soul. Nothingmore destroys the faith of the gospel, than by any means toweaken the direct power of the blood of Christ. The depth of themystery of the sacrifice of Christ, we cannot dive into, theheight we cannot comprehend. We cannot search out the greatnessof it, or the wisdom, the love, the grace that is in it. But inconsidering the sacrifice of Christ, faith finds life, food, andrefreshment. 15-22 The solemn transactions between God and man, aresometimes called a covenant, here a testament, which is awilling deed of a person, bestowing legacies on such persons asare described, and it only takes effect upon his death. ThusChrist died, not only to obtain the blessings of salvation forus, but to give power to the disposal of them. All, by sin, werebecome guilty before God, had forfeited every thing that isgood; but God, willing to show the greatness of his mercy,proclaimed a covenant of grace. Nothing could be clean to asinner, not even his religious duties; except as his guilt wasdone away by the death of a sacrifice, of value sufficient forthat end, and unless he continually depended upon it. May weascribe all real good works to the same all-procuring cause, andoffer our spiritual sacrifices as sprinkled with Christ's blood,and so purified from their defilement. 23-28 It is evident that the sacrifices of Christ areinfinitely better than those of the law, which could neitherprocure pardon for sin, nor impart power against it. Sin wouldstill have been upon us, and have had dominion over us; butJesus Christ, by one sacrifice, has destroyed the works of thedevil, that believers may be made righteous, holy, and happy. Asno wisdom, learning, virtue, wealth, or power, can keep one ofthe human race from death, so nothing can deliver a sinner frombeing condemned at the day of judgment, except the atoningsacrifice of Christ; nor will one be saved from eternalpunishment who despises or neglects this great salvation. Thebeliever knows that his Redeemer liveth, and that he shall seehim. Here is the faith and patience of the church, of allsincere believers. Hence is their continual prayer as the fruitand expression of their faith, Even so come, Lord Jesus.
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