John 10* The parable of the good shepherd. (1-5) Christ the Door. (6-9)Christ the good Shepherd. (10-18) The Jews' opinion concerningJesus. (19-21) His discourse at the feast of dedication. (22-30)The Jews attempt to stone Jesus. (31-38) He departs fromJerusalem. (39-42)1-5 Here is a parable or similitude, taken from the customs ofthe East, in the management of sheep. Men, as creaturesdepending on their Creator, are called the sheep of his pasture.The church of God in the world is as a sheep-fold, exposed todeceivers and persecutors. The great Shepherd of the sheep knowsall that are his, guards them by his providence, guides them byhis Spirit and word, and goes before them, as the Easternshepherds went before their sheep, to set them in the way of hissteps. Ministers must serve the sheep in their spiritualconcerns. The Spirit of Christ will set before them an opendoor. The sheep of Christ will observe their Shepherd, and becautious and shy of strangers, who would draw them from faith inhim to fancies about him. 6-9 Many who hear the word of Christ, do not understand it,because they will not. But we shall find one scriptureexpounding another, and the blessed Spirit making known theblessed Jesus. Christ is the Door. And what greater security hasthe church of God than that the Lord Jesus is between it and allits enemies? He is a door open for passage and communication.Here are plain directions how to come into the fold; we mustcome in by Jesus Christ as the Door. By faith in him as thegreat Mediator between God and man. Also, we have preciouspromises to those that observe this direction. Christ has allthat care of his church, and every believer, which a goodshepherd has of his flock; and he expects the church, and everybeliever, to wait on him, and to keep in his pasture. 10-18 Christ is a good Shepherd; many who were not thieves, yetwere careless in their duty, and by their neglect the flock wasmuch hurt. Bad principles are the root of bad practices. TheLord Jesus knows whom he has chosen, and is sure of them; theyalso know whom they have trusted, and are sure of Him. See herethe grace of Christ; since none could demand his life of him, helaid it down of himself for our redemption. He offered himselfto be the Saviour; Lo, I come. And the necessity of our casecalling for it, he offered himself for the Sacrifice. He wasboth the offerer and the offering, so that his laying down hislife was his offering up himself. From hence it is plain, thathe died in the place and stead of men; to obtain their being setfree from the punishment of sin, to obtain the pardon of theirsin; and that his death should obtain that pardon. Our Lord laidnot his life down for his doctrine, but for his sheep. 19-21 Satan ruins many, by putting them out of conceit with theword and ordinances. Men would not be laughed out of theirnecessary food, yet suffer themselves thus to be laughed out ofwhat is far more necessary. If our zeal and earnestness in thecause of Christ, especially in the blessed work of bringing hissheep into his fold, bring upon us evil names, let us not heedit, but remember our Master was thus reproached before us. 22-30 All who have any thing to say to Christ, may find him inthe temple. Christ would make us to believe; we make ourselvesdoubt. The Jews understood his meaning, but could not form hiswords into a full charge against him. He described the graciousdisposition and happy state of his sheep; they heard andbelieved his word, followed him as his faithful disciples, andnone of them should perish; for the Son and the Father were one.Thus he was able to defend his sheep against all their enemies,which proves that he claimed Divine power and perfection equallywith the Father. 31-38 Christ's works of power and mercy proclaim him to be overall, God blessed for evermore, that all may know and believe Heis in the Father, and the Father in Him. Whom the Father sends,he sanctifies. The holy God will reward, and therefore willemploy, none but such as he makes holy. The Father was in theSon, so that by Divine power he wrought his miracles; the Sonwas so in the Father, that he knew the whole of His mind. Thiswe cannot by searching find out to perfection, but we may knowand believe these declarations of Christ. 39-42 No weapon formed against our Lord Jesus shall prosper. Heescaped, not because he was afraid to suffer, but because hishour was not come. And He who knew how to deliver himself, knowshow to deliver the godly our of their temptations, and to make away for them to escape. Persecutors may drive Christ and hisgospel our of their own city or country, but they cannot drivehim or it out of the world. When we know Christ by faith in ourhearts, we find all that the Scripture saith of him is true.
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