Leviticus 16* The great day of atonement. (1-14) The sacrifices on it, Thescape-goat. (15-34)1-14 Without entering into particulars of the sacrifices on thegreat day of atonement, we may notice that it was to be astatute for ever, till that dispensation be at an end. As longas we are continually sinning, we continually need theatonement. The law of afflicting our souls for sin, is a statuewhich will continue in force till we arrive where all tears,even those of repentance, will be wiped from our eyes. Theapostle observes it as a proof that the sacrifices could nottake away sin, and cleanse the conscience from it, that in themthere was a remembrance made of sin every year, upon the day ofatonement, #Heb 10:1,3|. The repeating the sacrifices, showedthere was in them but a feeble effort toward making atonement;this could be done only by offering up the body of Christ oncefor all; and that sacrifice needed not to be repeated. 15-34 Here are typified the two great gospel privileges, of theremission of sin, and access to God, both of which we owe to ourLord Jesus. See the expiation of guilt. Christ is both the Makerand the Matter of the atonement; for he is the Priest, the HighPriest, that makes reconciliation for the sins of the people.And as Christ is the High Priest, so he is the Sacrifice withwhich atonement is made; for he is all in all in ourreconciliation to God. Thus he was figured by the two goats. Theslain goat was a type of Christ dying for our sins; thescape-goat a type of Christ rising again for our justification.The atonement is said to be completed by putting the sins ofIsrael upon the head of the goat, which was sent away into awilderness, a land not inhabited; and the sending away of thegoat represented the free and full remission of their sins. Heshall bear upon him all their iniquities. Thus Christ, the Lambof God, takes away the sin of the world, by taking it uponhimself, #Joh 1:29|. The entrance into heaven, which Christ madefor us, was typified by the high priest's entrance into the mostholy place. See #Heb 9:7|. The high priest was to come outagain; but our Lord Jesus ever lives, making intercession, andalways appears in the presence of God for us. Here are typifiedthe two great gospel duties of faith and repentance. By faith weput our hands upon the head of the offering; relying on Christas the Lord our Righteousness, pleading his satisfaction, asthat which alone is able to atone for our sins, and procure us apardon. By repentance we afflict our souls; not only fasting fora time from the delights of the body, but inwardly sorrowing forsin, and living a life of self-denial, assuring ourselves, thatif we confess our sins, God is faithful and just to forgive usour sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. By theatonement we obtain rest for our souls, and all the gloriousliberties of the children of God. Sinner, get the blood ofChrist effectually applied to thy soul, or else thou canst neverlook God in the face with any comfort or acceptance. Take thisblood of Christ, apply it by faith, and see how it atones withGod.
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