Leviticus 26* Promises upon keeping the precepts. (1-13) Threateningsagainst disobedience. (14-39) God promises to remember thosethat repent. (40-46)1-13 This chapter contains a general enforcement of all thelaws given by Moses; by promises of reward in case of obedience,on the one hand; and threatenings of punishment fordisobedience, on the other. While Israel maintained a nationalregard to God's worship, sabbaths, and sanctuary, and did notturn aside to idolatry, the Lord engaged to continue to themtemporal mercies and religious advantages. These great andprecious promises, though they relate chiefly to the life whichnow is, were typical of the spiritual blessings made sure by thecovenant of grace to all believers, through Christ. 1. Plentyand abundance of the fruits of the earth. Every good and perfectgift must be expected from above, from the Father of lights. 2.Peace under the Divine protection. Those dwell in safety, thatdwell in God. 3. Victory and success in their wars. It is allone with the Lord to save by many or by few. 4. The increase oftheir people. The gospel church shall be fruitful. 5. The favourof God, which is the fountain of all Good. 6. Tokens of hispresence in and by his ordinances. The way to have God'sordinances fixed among us, is to cleave closely to them. 7. Thegrace of the covenant. All covenant blessings are summed up inthe covenant relation, I will be your God, and ye shall be mypeople; and they are all grounded upon their redemption. Havingpurchased them, God would own them, and never cast them off tillthey cast him off. 14-39 After God has set the blessing before them which wouldmake them a happy people if they would be obedient, he here setsthe curse before them, the evils which would make themmiserable, if they were disobedient. Two things would bringruin. 1. A contempt of God's commandments. They that reject theprecept, will come at last to renounce the covenant. 2. Acontempt of his corrections. If they will not learn obedience bythe things they suffer, God himself would be against them; andthis is the root and cause of all their misery. And also, Thewhole creation would be at war with them. All God's sorejudgments would be sent against them. The threatenings here arevery particular, they were prophecies, and He that foresaw alltheir rebellions, knew they would prove so. TEMPORAL judgmentsare threatened. Those who will not be parted from their sins bythe commands of God, shall be parted from them by judgments.Those wedded to their lusts, will have enough of them. SPIRITUALjudgments are threatened, which should seize the mind. Theyshould find no acceptance with God. A guilty conscience would betheir continual terror. It is righteous with God to leave thoseto despair of pardon, who presume to sin; and it is owing tofree grace, if we are not left to pine away in the iniquity wewere born in, and have lived in. 40-46 Among the Israelites, persons were not always prosperousor afflicted according to their obedience or disobedience. Butnational prosperity was the effect of national obedience, andnational judgments were brought on by national wickedness.Israel was under a peculiar covenant. National wickedness willend in the ruin of any people, especially where the word of Godand the light of the gospel are enjoyed. Sooner or later, sinwill be the ruin, as well as the reproach, of every people. Ohthat, being humbled for our sins, we might avert the risingstorm before it bursts upon us! God grant that we may, in thisour day, consider the things which belong to our eternal peace.
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