Leviticus 5* Concerning various trespasses. (1-13) Concerning trespassesagainst the Lord. (14-19)1-13 The offences here noticed are, 1. A man's concealing thetruth, when he was sworn as a witness to speak the truth, thewhole truth, and nothing but the truth. If, in such a case, forfear of offending one that has been his friend, or may be hisenemy, a man refuses to give evidence, or gives it but in part,he shall bear his iniquity. And that is a heavy burden, which,if some course be not taken to get it removed, will sink a manto hell. Let all that are called at any time to be witnesses,think of this law, and be free and open in their evidence, andtake heed of prevaricating. An oath of the Lord is a sacredthing, not to be trifled with. 2. A man's touching any thingthat was ceremonially unclean. Though his touching the uncleanthing only made him ceremonially defiled, yet neglecting to washhimself according to the law, was either carelessness orcontempt, and contracted moral guilt. As soon as God, by hisSpirit, convinces our consciences of any sin or duty, we mustfollow the conviction, as not ashamed to own our former mistake.3. Rash swearing, that a man will do or not do such a thing. Asif the performance of his oath afterward prove unlawful, or whatcannot be done. Wisdom and watchfulness beforehand would preventthese difficulties. In these cases the offender must confess hissin, and bring his offering; but the offering was not accepted,unless accompanied with confession and humble prayer for pardon.The confession must be particular; that he hath sinned in thatthing. Deceit lies in generals; many will own they have sinned,for that all must own; but their sins in any one particular theyare unwilling to allow. The way to be assured of pardon, andarmed against sin for the future, is to confess the exact truth.If any were very poor, they might bring some flour, and thatshould be accepted. Thus the expense of the sin-offering wasbrought lower than any other, to teach that no man's povertyshall ever bar the way of his pardon. If the sinner brought twodoves, one was to be offered for a sin-offering, and the otherfor a burnt-offering. We must first see that our peace be madewith God, and then we may expect that our services for his glorywill be accepted by him. To show the loathsomeness of sin, theflour, when offered, must not be made grateful to the taste byoil, or to the smell by frankincense. God, by these sacrifices,spoke comfort to those who had offended, that they might notdespair, nor pine away in their sins. Likewise caution not tooffend any more, remembering how expensive and troublesome itwas to make atonement. 14-19 Here are offerings to atone for trespasses against aneighbour. If a man put to his own use unwittingly, any thingdedicated to God, he was to bring this sacrifice. We are to bejealous over ourselves, to ask pardon for the sin, and makesatisfaction for the wrong, which we do but suspect ourselvesguilty of. The law of God is so very broad, the occasions of sinin this guilty of. The law of God is so very broad, theoccasions of sin in this world are so numerous, and we are soprone to evil, that we need to fear always, and to pray always,that we may be kept from sin. Also we should look before us atevery step. The true Christian daily pleads guilty before God,and seeks forgiveness through the blood of Christ. And thegospel salvation is so free, that the poorest is not shut out;and so full, that the most burdened conscience may find relieffrom it. Yet the evil of sin is so displayed as to cause everypardoned sinner to abhor and dread it.
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