Luke 23* Christ before Pilate. (1-5) Christ before Herod. (6-12)Barabbas preferred to Christ. (13-25) Christ speaks of thedestruction of Jerusalem. (26-31) The crucifixion, The repentantmalefactor. (32-43) The death of Christ. (44-49) The burial ofChrist. (50-56)1-5 Pilate well understood the difference between armed forcesand our Lord's followers. But instead of being softened byPilate's declaration of his innocence, and considering whetherthey were not bringing the guilt of innocent blood uponthemselves, the Jews were the more angry. The Lord brings hisdesigns to a glorious end, even by means of those who follow thedevices of their own hearts. Thus all parties joined, so as toprove the innocence of Jesus, who was the atoning sacrifice forour sins. 6-12 Herod had heard many things of Jesus in Galilee, and outof curiosity longed to see him. The poorest beggar that asked amiracle for the relief of his necessity, was never denied; butthis proud prince, who asked for a miracle only to gratify hiscuriosity, is refused. He might have seen Christ and hiswondrous works in Galilee, and would not, therefore it is justlysaid, Now he would see them, and shall not. Herod sent Christagain to Pilate: the friendships of wicked men are often formedby union in wickedness. They agree in little, except in enmityto God, and contempt of Christ. 13-25 The fear of man brings many into this snare, that theywill do an unjust thing, against their consciences, rather thanget into trouble. Pilate declares Jesus innocent, and has a mindto release him; yet, to please the people, he would punish himas an evil-doer. If no fault be found in him, why chastise him?Pilate yielded at length; he had not courage to go against sostrong a stream. He delivered Jesus to their will, to becrucified. 26-31 We have here the blessed Jesus, the Lamb of God, led as alamb to the slaughter, to the sacrifice. Though many reproachedand reviled him, yet some pitied him. But the death of Christwas his victory and triumph over his enemies: it was ourdeliverance, the purchase of eternal life for us. Therefore weepnot for him, but let us weep for our own sins, and the sins ofour children, which caused his death; and weep for fear of themiseries we shall bring upon ourselves, if we slight his love,and reject his grace. If God delivered him up to such sufferingsas these, because he was made a sacrifice for sin, what will hedo with sinners themselves, who make themselves a dry tree, acorrupt and wicked generation, and good for nothing! The bittersufferings of our Lord Jesus should make us stand in awe of thejustice of God. The best saints, compared with Christ, are drytrees; if he suffer, why may not they expect to suffer? And whatthen shall the damnation of sinners be! Even the sufferings ofChrist preach terror to obstinate transgressors. 32-43 As soon as Christ was fastened to the cross, he prayedfor those who crucified him. The great thing he died to purchaseand procure for us, is the forgiveness of sin. This he praysfor. Jesus was crucified between two thieves; in them were shownthe different effects the cross of Christ would have upon thechildren of men in the preaching the gospel. One malefactor washardened to the last. No troubles of themselves will change awicked heart. The other was softened at the last: he wassnatched as a brand out of the burning, and made a monument ofDivine mercy. This gives no encouragement to any to put offrepentance to their death-beds, or to hope that they shall thenfind mercy. It is certain that true repentance is never toolate; but it is as certain that late repentance is seldom true.None can be sure they shall have time to repent at death, butevery man may be sure he cannot have the advantages thispenitent thief had. We shall see the case to be singular, if weobserve the uncommon effects of God's grace upon this man. Hereproved the other for railing on Christ. He owned that hedeserved what was done to him. He believed Jesus to havesuffered wrongfully. Observe his faith in this prayer. Christwas in the depth of disgrace, suffering as a deceiver, and notdelivered by his Father. He made this profession before thewonders were displayed which put honour on Christ's sufferings,and startled the centurion. He believed in a life to come, anddesired to be happy in that life; not like the other thief, tobe only saved from the cross. Observe his humility in thisprayer. All his request is, Lord, remember me; quite referringit to Jesus in what way to remember him. Thus he was humbled intrue repentance, and he brought forth all the fruits forrepentance his circumstances would admit. Christ upon the cross,is gracious like Christ upon the throne. Though he was in thegreatest struggle and agony, yet he had pity for a poorpenitent. By this act of grace we are to understand that JesusChrist died to open the kingdom of heaven to all penitent,obedient believers. It is a single instance in Scripture; itshould teach us to despair of none, and that none should despairof themselves; but lest it should be abused, it is contrastedwith the awful state of the other thief, who died hardened inunbelief, though a crucified Saviour was so near him. Be surethat in general men die as they live. 44-49 We have here the death of Christ magnified by the wondersthat attended it, and his death explained by the words withwhich he breathed out his soul. He was willing to offer himself.Let us seek to glorify God by true repentance and conversion; byprotesting against those who crucify the Saviour; by a sober,righteous, and godly life; and by employing our talents in theservice of Him who died for us and rose again. 50-56 Many, though they do not make any show in outwardprofession, yet, like Joseph of Arimathea, will be far moreready to do real service, when there is occasion, than otherswho make a greater noise. Christ was buried in haste, becausethe sabbath drew on. Weeping must not hinder sowing. Though theywere in tears for the death of their Lord, yet they must prepareto keep holy the sabbath. When the sabbath draws on, there mustbe preparation. Our worldly affairs must be so ordered, thatthey may not hinder us from our sabbath work; and our holyaffections so stirred up, that they may carry us on in it. Inwhatever business we engage, or however our hearts may beaffected, let us never fail to get ready for, and to keep holy,the day of sacred rest, which is the Lord's day.
Copyright information for MHCC
Welcome to STEP Bible
From Tyndale House, Cambridge UK
Use the search box to find Bibles, commentaries, passages, search terms, etc. Here are some examples:
This shows how to quickly lookup a passage.
Looking up a passage in three different translations is also easy.
This asks STEP to search for the Greek word for 'brother' and show the results in the ESV.
This example runs both a 'Hebrew word search' and a 'Text' search and shows the results in both the NIV and ESV.
You can mix most searches. This finds any word translated as 'throne' in the Prophets and the New Testament, but only in verses concerning the topic 'David'. This excludes verses which refer to a 'throne' in other contexts.
Interlinear Hebrew & Greek is available for some translations with grammar (and more soon). To reverse the interlinear order, click on a version abbreviation under the verse number.
© Tyndale House, Cambridge, UK - 2018