Romans 10* The apostle's earnest desire for the salvation of the Jews.(1-4) The difference between the righteousness of the law, andthe righteousness of faith. (5-11) The Gentiles stand on a levelwith the Jews, in justification and salvation. (12-17) The Jewsmight know this from Old Testament prophecies. (18-21)1-4 The Jews built on a false foundation, and refused to cometo Christ for free salvation by faith, and numbers in every agedo the same in various ways. The strictness of the law showedmen their need of salvation by grace, through faith. And theceremonies shadowed forth Christ as fulfilling therighteousness, and bearing the curse of the law. So that evenunder the law, all who were justified before God, obtained thatblessing by faith, whereby they were made partakers of theperfect righteousness of the promised Redeemer. The law is notdestroyed, nor the intention of the Lawgiver disappointed; butfull satisfaction being made by the death of Christ for ourbreach of the law, the end is gained. That is, Christ hasfulfilled the whole law, therefore whoever believeth in him, iscounted just before God, as much as though he had fulfilled thewhole law himself. Sinners never could go on in vain fancies oftheir own righteousness, if they knew the justice of God as aGovernor, or his righteousness as a Saviour. 5-11 The self-condemned sinner need not perplex himself howthis righteousness may be found. When we speak of looking uponChrist, and receiving, and feeding upon him, it is not Christ inheaven, nor Christ in the deep, that we mean; but Christ in thepromise, Christ offered in the word. Justification by faith inChrist is a plain doctrine. It is brought before the mind andheart of every one, thus leaving him without excuse forunbelief. If a man confessed faith in Jesus, as the Lord andSaviour of lost sinners, and really believed in his heart thatGod had raised him from the dead, thus showing that he hadaccepted the atonement, he should be saved by the righteousnessof Christ, imputed to him through faith. But no faith isjustifying which is not powerful in sanctifying the heart, andregulating all its affections by the love of Christ. We mustdevote and give up to God our souls and our bodies: our souls inbelieving with the heart, and our bodies in confessing with themouth. The believer shall never have cause to repent hisconfident trust in the Lord Jesus. Of such faith no sinner shallbe ashamed before God; and he ought to glory in it before men. 12-17 There is not one God to the Jews, more kind, and anotherto the Gentiles, who is less kind; the Lord is a Father to allmen. The promise is the same to all, who call on the name of theLord Jesus as the Son of God, as God manifest in the flesh. Allbelievers thus call upon the Lord Jesus, and none else will doso humbly or sincerely. But how should any call on the LordJesus, the Divine Saviour, who had not heard of him? And what isthe life of a Christian but a life of prayer? It shows that wefeel our dependence on him, and are ready to give up ourselvesto him, and have a believing expectation of our all from him. Itwas necessary that the gospel should be preached to theGentiles. Somebody must show them what they are to believe. Howwelcome the gospel ought to be to those to whom it was preached!The gospel is given, not only to be known and believed, but tobe obeyed. It is not a system of notions, but a rule ofpractice. The beginning, progress, and strength of faith is byhearing. But it is only hearing the word, as the word of Godthat will strengthen faith. 18-21 Did not the Jews know that the Gentiles were to be calledin? They might have known it from Moses and Isaiah. Isaiahspeaks plainly of the grace and favour of God, as going beforein the receiving of the Gentiles. Was not this our own case? Didnot God begin in love, and make himself known to us when we didnot ask after him? The patience of God towards provoking sinnersis wonderful. The time of God's patience is called a day, lightas day, and fit for work and business; but limited as a day, andthere is a night at the end of it. God's patience makes man'sdisobedience worse, and renders that the more sinful. We maywonder at the mercy of God, that his goodness is not overcome byman's badness; we may wonder at the wickedness of man, that hisbadness is not overcome by God's goodness. And it is a matter ofjoy to think that God has sent the message of grace to so manymillions, by the wide spread of his gospel.
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