Romans 11* The rejection of the Jews is not universal. (1-10) Godoverruled their unbelief for making the Gentiles partakers ofgospel privileges. (11-21) The Gentiles cautioned against prideand unbelief, The Jews shall be called as a nation, and broughtinto God's visible covenant again. (22-32) A solemn adoring ofthe wisdom, goodness, and justice of God. (33-36)1-10 There was a chosen remnant of believing Jews, who hadrighteousness and life by faith in Jesus Christ. These were keptaccording to the election of grace. If then this election was ofgrace, it could not be of works, either performed or foreseen.Every truly good disposition in a fallen creature must be theeffect, therefore it cannot be the cause, of the grace of Godbestowed on him. Salvation from the first to the last must beeither of grace or of debt. These things are so directlycontrary to each other that they cannot be blended together. Godglorifies his grace by changing the hearts and tempers of therebellious. How then should they wonder and praise him! TheJewish nation were as in a deep sleep, without knowledge oftheir danger, or concern about it; having no sense of their needof the Saviour, or of their being upon the borders of eternalruin. David, having by the Spirit foretold the sufferings ofChrist from his own people, the Jews, foretells the dreadfuljudgments of God upon them for it, #Ps 69|. This teaches us howto understand other prayers of David against his enemies; theyare prophecies of the judgments of God, not expressions of hisown anger. Divine curses will work long; and we have our eyesdarkened, if we are bowed down in worldly-mindedness. 11-21 The gospel is the greatest riches of every place where itis. As therefore the righteous rejection of the unbelievingJews, was the occasion of so large a multitude of the Gentilesbeing reconciled to God, and at peace with him; the futurereceiving of the Jews into the church would be such a change, aswould resemble a general resurrection of the dead in sin to alife of righteousness. Abraham was as the root of the church.The Jews continued branches of this tree till, as a nation, theyrejected the Messiah; after that, their relation to Abraham andto God was, as it were, cut off. The Gentiles were grafted intothis tree in their room; being admitted into the church of God.Multitudes were made heirs of Abraham's faith, holiness andblessedness. It is the natural state of every one of us, to bewild by nature. Conversion is as the grafting in of wildbranches into the good olive. The wild olive was often ingraftedinto the fruitful one when it began to decay, and this not onlybrought forth fruit, but caused the decaying olive to revive andflourish. The Gentiles, of free grace, had been grafted in toshare advantages. They ought therefore to beware ofself-confidence, and every kind of pride or ambition; lest,having only a dead faith, and an empty profession, they shouldturn from God, and forfeit their privileges. If we stand at all,it is by faith; we are guilty and helpless in ourselves, and areto be humble, watchful, afraid of self-deception, or of beingovercome by temptation. Not only are we at first justified byfaith, but kept to the end in that justified state by faithonly; yet, by a faith which is not alone, but which worketh bylove to God and man. 22-32 Of all judgments, spiritual judgments are the sorest; ofthese the apostle is here speaking. The restoration of the Jewsis, in the course of things, far less improbable than the callof the Gentiles to be the children of Abraham; and though othersnow possess these privileges, it will not hinder their beingadmitted again. By rejecting the gospel, and by theirindignation at its being preached to the Gentiles, the Jews werebecome enemies to God; yet they are still to be favoured for thesake of their pious fathers. Though at present they are enemiesto the gospel, for their hatred to the Gentiles; yet, when God'stime is come, that will no longer exist, and God's love to theirfathers will be remembered. True grace seeks not to confineGod's favour. Those who find mercy themselves, should endeavourthat through their mercy others also may obtain mercy. Not thatthe Jews will be restored to have their priesthood, and temple,and ceremonies again; an end is put to all these; but they areto be brought to believe in Christ, the true become onesheep-fold with the Gentiles, under Christ the Great Shepherd.The captivities of Israel, their dispersion, and their beingshut out from the church, are emblems of the believer'scorrections for doing wrong; and the continued care of the Lordtowards that people, and the final mercy and blessed restorationintended for them, show the patience and love of God. 33-36 The apostle Paul knew the mysteries of the kingdom of Godas well as ever any man; yet he confesses himself at a loss; anddespairing to find the bottom, he humbly sits down at the brink,and adores the depth. Those who know most in this imperfectstate, feel their own weakness most. There is not only depth inthe Divine counsels, but riches; abundance of that which isprecious and valuable. The Divine counsels are complete; theyhave not only depth and height, but breadth and length, #Eph3:18|, and that passing knowledge. There is that vast distanceand disproportion between God and man, between the Creator andthe creature, which for ever shuts us from knowledge of hisways. What man shall teach God how to govern the world? Theapostle adores the sovereignty of the Divine counsels. Allthings in heaven and earth, especially those which relate to oursalvation, that belong to our peace, are all of him by way ofcreation, through him by way of providence, that they may be tohim in their end. Of God, as the Spring and Fountain of all;through Christ, to God, as the end. These include all God'srelations to his creatures; if all are of Him, and through Him,all should be to Him, and for Him. Whatever begins, let God'sglory be the end: especially let us adore him when we talk ofthe Divine counsels and actings. The saints in heaven neverdispute, but always praise.
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