1 Chronicles 21

Census Brings Pestilence

a Then Satan stood up against Israel and moved David to number Israel. So David said to Joab and to the princes of the people b Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan, and bring me word that I may know their number.” Joab said c “May the  Lord add to His people a hundred times as many as they are! But, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? Why does my lord seek this thing? Why should he be a cause of guilt to Israel?” Nevertheless, the king’s word prevailed against Joab. Therefore, Joab departed and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem. Joab gave the number of the
Lit muster
census of all the people to David. And e all Israel were 1,100,000 men who drew the sword; and Judah was 470,000 men who drew the sword.
f But he did not
Lit muster
number Levi and Benjamin among them, for the king’s
Lit word
command was abhorrent to Joab.

Lit it was evil in the sight of God
God was displeased with this thing, so He struck Israel.
David said to God, “I have sinned greatly, in that I have done this thing. j But now, please take away the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done very foolishly.”

The  Lord spoke to k Gad, David’s l seer, saying, 10 Go and speak to David, saying, ‘Thus says the  Lord, “I
Lit stretch out to
offer you three things; choose for yourself one of them, which I will do to you.”’”
11 So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the  Lord, ‘Take for yourself 12  n either three years of famine, or three months to be swept away before your foes, while the sword of your enemies overtakes you, or else three days of the sword of the  Lord, even pestilence in the land, and the angel of the  Lord destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now, therefore, consider what answer I shall return to Him who sent me.” 13 David said to Gad, “I am in great distress; please let me fall into the hand of the  Lord o for His mercies are very great. But do not let me fall into the hand of man.”

14  p So the  Lord
Lit gave
sent a pestilence on Israel; 70,000 men of Israel fell.
15 And God sent an angel to Jerusalem to destroy it; but as he was about to destroy it, the  Lord saw and r was sorry over the calamity, and said to the destroying angel, “It is enough; now relax your hand.” And the angel of the  Lord was standing by the threshing floor of
In 2 Sam 24:16, Araunah
Ornan the Jebusite.
16 Then David lifted up his eyes and saw the angel of the  Lord standing between earth and heaven, with his drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders t covered with sackcloth, fell on their faces. 17 David said to God, “Is it not I who
Lit said
commanded to count the people? Indeed, I am the one who has sinned and done very wickedly v but these sheep, what have they done? O  Lord my God, please let Your hand be against me and my father’s household, but not against Your people that they should be plagued.”

David’s Altar

18  w Then the angel of the  Lord
Lit said to
commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up and build an altar to the  Lord on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite.
19 So David went up at the word of Gad, which he spoke in the name of the  Lord. 20 Now Ornan turned back and saw the angel, and his four sons who were with him hid themselves. And Ornan was threshing wheat. 21 As David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out from the threshing floor and prostrated himself
Lit to
before David with his face to the ground.
22 Then David said to Ornan, “Give me the
Lit place
site of this threshing floor, that I may build on it an altar to the  Lord; for the full price you shall give it to me, that the plague may be restrained from the people.”
23 Ornan said to David, “Take it for yourself; and let my lord the king do what is good in his sight. See, I will give the oxen for burnt offerings and the threshing sledges for wood and the wheat for the grain offering; I will give it all.” 24 But King David said to Ornan, “No, but I will surely buy it for the full price; for I will not take what is yours for the  Lord, or offer a burnt offering
Lit gratuitously
which costs me nothing.”
25 So ab David gave Ornan 600 shekels of gold by weight for the
Lit place
26 Then David built an altar to the  Lord there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. And he called to the  Lord and ad He answered him with fire from heaven on the altar of burnt offering. 27 The  Lord commanded the angel, and he put his sword back in its sheath.

28 At that time, when David saw that the  Lord had answered him on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he offered sacrifice there. 29  ae For the tabernacle of the  Lord, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were in the high place at Gibeon at that time. 30 But David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was terrified by the sword of the angel of the  Lord.
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