1 Kings 4

Solomon’s Officials

1Now King Solomon was king over all Israel. 2These were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was a  the priest; 3Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha were secretaries; b  Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder; 4and c  Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and d  Abiathar were priests; 5and Azariah the son of Nathan was over e  the deputies; and Zabud the son of Nathan, a priest, was the king’s friend; 6and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

7Solomon had twelve deputies over all Israel, who
Lit nourished
provided for the king and his household; each man had to
Lit nourish
provide for a month in the year.
8These are their names: Ben-hur, in the h  hill country of Ephraim; 9Ben-deker in Makaz and i  Shaalbim and j  Beth-shemesh and Elonbeth-hanan; 10Ben-hesed, in Arubboth ( k  Socoh was his and all the land of l  Hepher); 11Ben-abinadab, in all
Or Naphoth-dor
the n  height of Dor (Taphath the daughter of Solomon was his wife);
12Baana the son of Ahilud, in o  Taanach and Megiddo, and all p  Beth-shean which is beside q  Zarethan below Jezreel, from Beth-shean to r  Abel-meholah as far as the other side of s  Jokmeam; 13Ben-geber, in t  Ramoth-gilead ( u  the towns of Jair, the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead were his: v  the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and bronze bars were his); 14Ahinadab the son of Iddo, in w  Mahanaim; 15 x  Ahimaaz, in Naphtali (he also married Basemath the daughter of Solomon); 16Baana the son of y  Hushai, in Asher and
Or in Aloth
17Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar; 18 aa  Shimei the son of Ela, in Benjamin; 19Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead ab  the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only deputy who was in the land.

Solomon’s Power, Wealth and Wisdom

20 ac  Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the
Lit sea
seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

Ch 5:1 in Heb
af  Now Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms ag  from the
I.e. Euphrates
River to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt; ai  they brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.

Lit bread
provision for one day was thirty
I.e. One kor equals approx 10 bu
kors of fine flour and sixty
I.e. One kor equals approx 10 bu
kors of meal,
23ten fat oxen, twenty
Lit oxen of the pasture
pasture-fed oxen, a hundred sheep besides deer, gazelles, roebucks, and fattened fowl.
24For he had dominion over everything
Lit beyond
west of the
I.e. Euphrates
River, from Tiphsah even to ap  Gaza aq  over all the kings
Lit beyond
west of the
I.e. Euphrates
River; and at  he had peace on all sides around about him.
25 au  So Judah and Israel lived in safety, every man under his vine and his fig tree av  from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon. 26 aw  Solomon had
One ms reads 4000, cf 2 Chr 9:25
40,000 stalls of horses for his chariots, and 12,000 horsemen.
27Those deputies
Or nourished
provided for King Solomon and all who came to King Solomon’s table, each in his month; they left nothing lacking.
28They also brought barley and straw for the horses and az  swift steeds to the place where it should be, each according to his charge.

29Now ba  God gave Solomon wisdom and very great discernment and breadth of
Lit heart
mind, bc  like the sand that is on the seashore.
30Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all bd  the sons of the east and be  all the wisdom of Egypt. 31For bf  he was wiser than all men, than bg  Ethan the Ezrahite, Heman, bh  Calcol and
In 1 Chr 2:6, Dara
Darda, the sons of Mahol; and his
Lit name
fame was known in all the surrounding nations.
32 bk  He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005. 33He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon even to the hyssop that grows on the wall; he spoke also of animals and birds and creeping things and fish. 34
Lit they
Men bm  came from all peoples to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all the kings of the earth who had heard of his wisdom.
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